Joshua 23



1 And it was, many days after that Jehovah had given rest to Israel from all their enemies from all around, that Joshua was·​·old and came·​·into days,

2 and Joshua called to all Israel, to their elders, and to their heads, and to their judges, and to their officers, and said to them, I am·​·old, I come into days;

3 and you have seen all that Jehovah your God has done unto all these nations before you; for Jehovah your God, He fought for you.

4 See, I have allotted unto you these nations that are left for an inheritance to your tribes from Jordan, and all the nations which I have cut·​·off, and to the great sea at the going·​·in of the sun.

5 And Jehovah your God, He shall push· them ·out before you, and shall dispossess them from before you; and you shall possess their land, as Jehovah your God has spoken to you.

6 And you shall be· very ·firm to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that you turn· not ·aside from it to the right·​·hand or to the left,

7 that you come not among these nations, these that are left with you; make· no ·mention of the name of their gods, nor make a promise by them, nor serve them, nor bow·​·down to them;

8 but stick unto Jehovah your God, as you have done even·​·to this day.

9 And Jehovah has dispossessed before you great and numerous nations, and as for you, a man stood not before you to this day.

10 One man of you shall pursue a thousand; for Jehovah your God, He it is that fights for you, as He has spoken unto you.

11 And take·​·heed diligently for your souls to love Jehovah your God;

12 for if turning·​·back you turn·​·back, and stick unto the remainder of these nations, these that are left with you, and shall make·​·marriages with them, and come·​·in with them and they with you:

13 knowing you shall know, that Jehovah your God shall not continue to dispossess these nations from before you; and they shall be a trap and a snare to you, and for a whip on your sides, and for a barb in your eyes, until you perish from upon this good ground which Jehovah your God has given you.

14 And, behold, I go this day the way of all the earth; and you know in all your heart, and in all your soul, that not one word has fallen of all the good words which Jehovah your God spoke concerning you; all has come to you, not one word of it has fallen.

15 And it shall be that as every good thing has come upon you which Jehovah your God has spoken unto you, so shall Jehovah your God cause to come upon you every evil thing, until He have blotted· you ·out from upon this good ground which Jehovah your God has given you.

16 When you have transgressed the covenant of Jehovah your God, which He commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and have bowed·​·down to them, then shall the anger of Jehovah be·​·fierce against you, and you shall perish in haste from upon the good land which He has given to you.

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 23      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 23: Joshua’s farewell address to all Israel.

Now that the people of Israel are living in the land of Canaan according to the Lord’s promise to them, Joshua, now old, gathers Israel together and offers the people his final words. It is a review of God’s faithfulness to them, His power in their victories, the gift of a good land in which they may live, and finally, a warning: they must not turn away from the Lord and follow the gods of other nations, or the Lord’s anger will follow them.

The spiritual meaning of Joshua’s address is about our experience of the Lord’s activity in our lives, our responsibilities in the work of regeneration, and what happens in us when we drift away from our relationship with the Lord. Every part of Joshua’s speech touches on these subjects, and it is a shining statement for our spiritual well-being. We will look at each part of what Joshua says and their spiritual meanings.

Joshua called for all Israel, and for all of their leaders - their elders, their heads, their judges and their officers. Spiritually, what leads and commands our mind is what we hold as true, which then informs our actions.

Joshua says he is old and advanced in age. Spiritually, this stands for acquiring wisdom during regeneration. Perhaps ‘advanced’, with its range of meanings, is a clue here.

Then Joshua turns to the Lord and the conquest. Joshua reminds the Israelites of what the Lord has given them, and says that the Lord will help them drive out the remaining nations until the whole land is theirs. Spiritually, this is about the ways in which the Lord guides us through regeneration, and how He will be present in our continuing spiritual work.

Joshua then urges Israel to keep the law of Moses and not turn away from it, nor go among other nations who are alongside Israel, nor mention their gods, nor swear by them or serve them or bow down to them. For us, this means following the Lord, and not giving in to the other influences that could lead our lives - for example, greed or ambition. If we do give thought to these other things, they can entrap us. It is enough for us to see them in our mind and quickly refuse their place there.

Joshua then says that because the Lord has been fighting for Israel, no one has been able to stand against them. In verse 10, he says, “One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.” This means when we acknowledge that the Lord rules our life and empowers us, the influences of hell will be powerless against our resolve.

Joshua then tells Israel that if they do turn to the other nations and their gods, the Lord would no longer drive out these nations, and they would become snares and traps for Israel. This is about the spiritual consequences of going against the Lord. This will inevitably bring on its own dangers, and we can be drawn in without realizing. The Lord can only drive out our spiritual enemies when we turn to Him for guidance.

Finally, Joshua says that not one thing God intended for Israel has failed to happen; so, just as God had given Israel many blessings, He would bring harm on Israel if they grew unfaithful. In our spiritual lives, this is only how things appear. We may feel that God is punishing us at times, but in reality we bring harm on ourselves when we no longer follow the Lord. So, Joshua says, the good land would be taken from them, just as the delight of heavenly life is taken from us if we turn away from the Lord.

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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.