Joshua 19

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And the second lot came·​·out to Simeon, for the tribe of the sons of Simeon, for their families. And their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Judah.

2 And they had in their inheritance Beer-sheba and Sheba, and Moladah,

3 and Chazar-shual, and Balah, and Atsem,

4 and Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah,

5 and Ziklag, and Beth-marcaboth, and Chazar-susah,

6 and Beth-lebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages;

7 Ain, Rimmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages.

8 And all the villages that were all around these cities to Baalath-beer, Ramah of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Simeon according to their families.

9 From the region of the sons of Judah was the inheritance of the sons of Simeon; for the part of the sons of Judah was too much for them: and the sons of Simeon had· their inheritance in the midst of the inheritance of them.

10 And the third lot came·​·up for the sons of Zebulun according to their families; And the border of their inheritance was to Sarid:

11 and their border went·​·up toward the sea, and to Maralah, and came·​·upon Dabbasheth, and came·​·upon the brook that is before Jokneam;

12 and it turned·​·back about from Sarid eastward toward the rising of the sun unto the border of Kisloth-tabor; and it went·​·out to Daberath, and went·​·up to Japhia;

13 and from there it crossed·​·over eastward toward the sunrise to Gath-chepher, to Ittah-kazin; and it goes·​·out to Rimmon-methoar unto Neah.

14 And the border turned·​·around it from the north to Hannathon, and its outgoings are in the ravine of Jiphthah-el.

15 And Kattath, and Nahalal, Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem; twelve cities and their villages.

16 This is the inheritance of the sons of Zebulun according to their families, these cities and their villages.

17 To Issachar came·​·out the fourth lot, for the sons of Issachar according to their families.

18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

19 and Hapharaim, and Shion, and Anaharath,

20 and Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez,

21 and Remeth, and En-gannim, and En-haddah, and Beth-pazzez.

22 And the border comes·​·upon Tabor and to Shahazimah, and Beth-shemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at the Jordan; sixteen cities and their villages.

23 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

24 And the fifth lot came·​·out for the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families.

25 And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,

26 and Alammelech, and Amad, and Mishal; and it reaches to Carmel toward the sea, and to Shichor-libnath;

27 and it turns·​·back to the rising of the sun to Beth-dagon, and comes·​·upon Zebulun, and to the ravine of Jiphthah-el northward to Beth-emek, and Neiel, and goes·​·out to Cabul on the left.

28 And Ebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even·​·to great Zidon;

29 and the border turns·​·back to Ramah, and to the fortified city Tyre; and the border turns·​·back to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof were at the sea, from the region to Achzib;

30 and Ummah, and Aphek, and Rehob; twenty and two cities and their villages.

31 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Asher according to their families, these cities and their villages.

32 To the sons of Naphtali came·​·out the sixth lot, to the sons of Naphtali according to their families.

33 And their border was from Heleph, from the oak that was in Zaanannim and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, to Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan.

34 And the border turned·​·back toward the sea to Aznoth-tabor; and went·​·out from thence toward Hukok, and came·​·upon Zebulun from the south; and it came·​·upon Asher from the sea, and upon Judah at the Jordan toward the rising of the sun.

35 And the fortified cities were Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath and Chinnereth,

36 and Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor,

37 and Kedesh, and Edrei, and En-hazor,

38 and Iron, and Migdal-el, Chorem, and Beth-anath, and Beth-shemesh; nineteen cities and their villages.

39 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

40 For the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families came the seventh lot.

41 And the border of their inheritance was Zorah and Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh,

42 and Shaalbin, and Aijalon, and Jethlah,

43 and Elon, and Timnath, and Ekron,

44 and Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,

45 and Jehud, and Bene-berak, and Gath-rimmon,

46 and Me-jarkon, and Rakkon, with the border next·​·to Joppah.

47 And the border of the sons of Dan went·​·out beyond them; and the sons of Dan went·​·up and fought with Leshem, and captured it, and smote it with the mouth of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, as the name of Dan their father.

48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Dan according to their families, these cities and their villages.

49 And they completed giving· the land ·by·​·inheritance according to its borders, and the sons of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun in their midst.

50 According to the mouth of Jehovah they gave him the city he asked, Timnath-serach in Mount Ephraim; and he built the city, and dwelt therein.

51 These are the inheritances which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the sons of Israel gave·​·for·​·an·​·inheritance by lot in Shiloh, before Jehovah, at the entrance of the Tabernacle of the congregation. And they completed the parting of the land.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 19: The last six tribes receive their territories, and Joshua his inheritance.

This chapter is the last of seven chapters detailing the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes. In this chapter, the remaining six tribes receive their portions.

Simeon received land very much in the south, below that of Judah, and Simeon’s territory was made a part of Judah. Simeon means ‘to hear’. To hear the Lord, and to hear the truth, means wanting to live in obedience with what the Lord teaches. Simeon was important in earlier biblical events, but is rarely mentioned later on; obeying the Lord can and should be a quiet affair (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 87).

The area given to Zebulun was modest and towards the north, between the Sea of Galilee and the coast. Zebulun’s name means ‘place of exaltation and honor’, and its spiritual meaning is just as glorious: it refers to honoring the Lord through the way we live our lives, both inwardly and outwardly (see Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 390).

Issachar’s territory was a small, fertile area in the north, next to the Jordan. The name “Issachar” means ‘a man of hire’ or ‘a hired man’. Spiritually, this is about wanting to serve the Lord, and dedicating our lives to this. Then we are ‘employed’ as servants of the Lord, and we are rewarded with spiritual strength, joy, and blessings (see Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 6388).

Asher means ‘happy’ - a delightful name - and its territory was along the northern coastline, extending inland. It included Mount Carmel and the Plain of Sharon, which were both beautiful places. Spiritual happiness is quite deep, and is really a feeling of joy, contentment, and well-being. When we are spiritually happy, we feel glad to be alive, to know the Lord, and to do what is good because of God (Arcana Caelestia 6408).

Naphtali had territory going up from the Sea of Galilee to the northern border. Naphtali means ‘crafty and cunning’, which does not sound very heavenly. However, the idea is that we use our intelligence to bring heavenly results from the countless decisions we make each and every day. Earlier in the Bible, Naphtali is blessed and called ‘a deer let loose’, which would then be free to bound away (see Genesis 49:21, Arcana Caelestia 3928).

Dan had two small territories: one in the centre on the coast, and one in the far north near the source of the River Jordan. Dan means ‘to judge well’, and it stands for our need to treat people fairly because of our relationship with the Lord. Perhaps there are two territories because one is our mind (north), and the other is in life (center) (Arcana Caelestia 3923).

Finally, Joshua himself is given his inheritance, a place in Ephraim called Timnath Serah. The name means ‘an extra portion’, and this suggests that beyond everything Joshua has done, he is to be given something further. Spiritually, this could be the unexpected delight we get when we devote ourselves to serving the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 995[3]).

The spiritual meaning of receiving a portion of land is that we are able to experience blessings and goodness from the Lord, but only after we have ‘conquered the land’. This means working through our temptations and overcoming weaknesses during our natural life.

Since the land of Canaan stands for heaven – and also for the growth of heaven in us – each of the twelve tribes represent a part of heavenly life that needs to be active in us. We must learn hear the word of the Lord, judge well in our daily actions, and honor His name by the way we live.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2799, 3923, 4855, 6396

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:23, 25, 26, 49:7

Numbers 26:54, 34:18, 29

Deuteronomy 33:22

Joshua 10:12, 11:1, 14:1, 15:10, 21, 31, 33, 45, 55, 56, 57, 17:16, 18:1, 25, 20:7, 21:23, 24, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 24:30

Judges 1:30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 2:9, 4:6, 11, 12, 12:8, 13:25, 18:28, 29

1 Samuel 28:4, 30:27

2 Samuel 2:9, 5:11, 6:10, 23:32, 24:6, 7

1 Kings 1:3, 4:8, 9, 5:15, 9:18, 15:20, 27, 18:19

2 Kings 2:25, 4:8, 8:29, 14:25, 15:29

1 Chronicles 4:28, 6:58, 62

2 Chronicles 2:15

Isaiah 35:2

Ezekiel 28:21, 45:7, 8, 48:1, 2, 3, 24, 25, 26

Hosea 1:4

Luke 10:13

Acts of the Apostles 9:36

Významy biblických slov

thirteen
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Sons of Judah
'The sons of Judah,' as in Joel 3:6, signify the celestial aspects of faith.

Simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

much
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

third
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

around
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

bethlehem
There is a strong relationship between Ephrath and Bethlehem in the Bible; they might be two different names for the same town, or it’s possible...

fourth
'The fourth watch' signifies the first state of the church at break of day, when good begins to act by truth.

Issachar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

northward
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

turns
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Tyre
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sixth
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

south
'South' denotes truth in light.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

rising
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

ramah
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

aijalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

Timnath
'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

border
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

captured
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

smote
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

called
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

tribe
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

villages
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

giving
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

borders
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mount
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

built
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

dwelt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

inheritances
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

heads
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Shiloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

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 Land of Canaan Map
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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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