Joshua 17

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And there was a lot for the tribe of Manasseh, for he was the firstborn of Joseph. As for Machir, the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead, because he was a man of war, he had Gilead and Bashan.

2 And there was a lot for the remaining sons of Manasseh according to their families; for the sons of Abiezer, and for the sons of Helek, and for the sons of Ashriel, and for the sons of Shechem, and for the sons of Hepher, and for the sons of Shemida; these are the sons of Manasseh, the son of Joseph, the males according to their families.

3 And Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but daughters, and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah.

4 And they came·​·near before Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the chiefs, saying, Jehovah commanded Moses to give us an inheritance in the midst of our brothers; and he gave them at the mouth of Jehovah an inheritance in the midst of the brothers of their father.

5 And there fell ten regions to Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan, which is across the Jordan;

6 for the daughters of Manasseh inherited an inheritance in the midst of his sons, and the land of Gilead was for the remaining sons of Manasseh.

7 And the border of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethah, which is before the face of Shechem; and the border went to the right·​·hand unto those who dwell·​·in En-tappuah.

8 And Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the sons of Ephraim.

9 And the border went·​·down·​·to the brook Kanah, southward to the brook; these cities belonged to Ephraim in the midst of the cities of Manasseh; and the border of Manasseh was from the north to the brook, and the outgoings of it were to the sea.

10 Southward it is for Ephraim and northward for Manasseh, and the sea is his border; and they came·​·upon Asher from the north, and upon Issachar from the sunrise.

11 And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher, Beth-shean and her daughter towns, and Ibleam and her daughter towns, and they who dwell in Dor and her daughter towns, and they who dwell in En-dor and her daughter towns, and they who dwell in Taanach and her daughter towns, and they who dwell in Megiddo and her daughter towns, three districts.

12 But the sons of Manasseh were· not ·able to dispossess these cities; and the Canaanite would dwell in this land.

13 And it was, that the sons of Israel were·​·firm, and they put the Canaanite to tribute, but dispossessing they did not dispossess him.

14 And the sons of Joseph spoke with Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me as inheritance one lot and one region, and I have many people, forasmuch as Jehovah has blessed me hitherto?

15 And Joshua said unto them, If thou hast much people, go· thou ·up to the forest, and cut·​·down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzite and of the Rephaim, if Mount Ephraim is too restricted* for thee.

16 And the sons of Joseph said, The mountain is not enough* for us, and the chariot of iron is with every Canaanite dwelling in the land of the valley, to him who is in Beth-shean and her daughter towns, and to him who is in the valley of Jezreel.

17 And Joshua said to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, Thou hast many people and hast great power, thou shalt not have one lot;

18 but the mountain shall be thine, for it is a forest, and thou shalt cut· it ·down, and the outgoings shall be thine; for thou shalt dispossess the Canaanite, that has the chariot of iron and is firm.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Ezekiel 47:13, 48:4

Významy biblických slov

tribe
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

names
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

daughters
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

inherited
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

remaining
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

Shechem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

southward
'The land of the south,' as in Genesis 24:62, signifies divine light, for 'the south' signifies light, and the light of intelligence, which is wisdom,...

northward
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

border
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Issachar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

cities
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

blessed
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

much
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

rephaim
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

mount
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Enough
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

chariot
'The wheels of chariots' signify the faculty of reasoning, and the ability to conflict from the intellect.

dwelling
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

valley of
'The valley of Siddim' signifies the uncleanness of lust, and the falsities derived from them.

joshua
Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

manasseh
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

great power
In Revelation 11:17, 'thou hast taken to thee thy great power' signifies divine omnipotence, which is and was His from eternity.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

forest
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

iron
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

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