Joshua 15

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1 And the lot for the tribe of the sons of Judah was according to their families; to the border of Edom, the wilderness of Zin, toward the south at the edge of the south·​·side.

2 And their south border was from the end of the Sea of Salt, from the bay* that faces southward.

3 And it went·​·out southward to the ascent of Akrabbim and crossed·​·over to Zin, and went·​·up from the south of Kadesh-barnea, and crossed·​·over to Hezron, and went·​·up to Addar, and turned·​·around to Karkaa.

4 And it crossed·​·over to Azmon, and went·​·out unto the brook of Egypt; and the goings out of the border were at the sea; this shall be the south border for you.

5 And the east border was the Salt Sea, to the end of the Jordan; and the border on the north quarter from the bay of the Sea at the end of Jordan.

6 And the border went·​·up to Beth-choglah, and crossed·​·over to the north of Beth-arabah; and the border went·​·up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben.

7 And the border went·​·up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and toward the north facing to Gilgal, which is opposite the going·​·up of Adummim, which is from the south of the brook, and the border crosses·​·over to the waters of En-shemesh, and its outgoings were to En-rogel.

8 And the border went·​·up the ravine of the son of Hinnom, unto the shoulder of the Jebusite from the south, it is Jerusalem; and the border went·​·up to the head of the mountain that is before the ravine of Hinnom toward the sea, which is at the end of the valley of the Rephaim northward.

9 And the border was marked·​·out from the head of the mountain to the fountain of the waters of Nephtoah, and went·​·out to the cities of Mount Ephron; and the border was marked·​·out toward Baalah, this is Kiriath-jearim.

10 And the border turned·​·around from Baalah toward the sea unto Mount Seir, and crossed·​·over to the shoulder of Mount Jearim, on the north, which is Chesalon, and went·​·down·​·to Beth-shemesh, and crossed·​·over to Timnah;

11 and the border went·​·out to the shoulder of Ekron northward; and the border was marked·​·out to Shicron, and crossed·​·over to Mount Baalah, and went·​·out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were toward the sea.

12 And the sea border was toward the great sea and its border; this is the border of the sons of Judah all around according to their families.

13 And to Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part in the midst of the sons of Judah, according to the mouth of Jehovah to Joshua, the walled·​·city of Arba* the father of the Anak; it is Hebron.

14 And Caleb dispossessed thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai, the children of Anak.

15 And he went·​·up thence to those who dwelt in Debir; and the name of Debir before was Kiriath-sepher.

16 And Caleb said; He that smites Kiriath-sepher and captures her, then to him will I give Achsah my daughter for a wife.

17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, captured it; and he gave him Achsah his daughter for a wife.

18 And it was when she came, that she incited him to ask from her father a field; and she got·​·down from upon the donkey, and Caleb said to her, What wilt thou have?

19 And she said, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a land of the south; Give me also wellsprings of waters. And he gave to her the upper wellsprings and the lower wellsprings.

20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Judah, according to their families.

21 And the cities at the edge of the tribe of the sons of Judah, to the border of Edom southward, were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,

22 and Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah,

23 and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan,

24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,

25 and Chazor-hadattah, and Kerioth; Chezron which is Chazor,

26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,

27 and Chazar-gaddah, and Heshmon, and Beth-palet,

28 and Chazar-shual, and Beer-sheba, and Bizjothjah,

29 Baalah, and Iyim, and Atsem,

30 and Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah,

31 and Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,

32 and Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon; all the cities twenty and nine, and their villages.

33 In the lowland: Eshtaol, and Zorah, and Ashnah,

34 and Zanoah, and En-gannim, Tappuah, and Enam,

35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,

36 and Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim: fourteen cities and their villages;

37 Zenan, and Chadashah, and Migdal-gad,

38 and Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,

39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,

40 and Cabbon, and Lahmas, and Kithlish,

41 and Gederoth, Beth-dagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah: sixteen cities and their villages;

42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,

43 and Jephthah, and Ashnah, and Nezib,

44 and Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah: nine cities and their villages;

45 Ekron and her towns* and her villages;

46 from Ekron and unto the sea, all that were by the side* of Ashdod, and their villages;

47 Ashdod and her towns and her villages; Gaza, her towns and her villages, even·​·to the brook of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof.

48 And in the mountain: Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,

49 and Dannah, and Kiriath-sannah, that is Debir,

50 and Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,

51 and Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh: eleven cities and their villages;

52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean,

53 and Janum, and Beth-tappuah, and Aphekah,

54 and Humtah, and Kiriath-arba, that is Hebron, and Zior: nine cities and their villages;

55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah,

56 and Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,

57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnath: ten cities and their villages;

58 Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor,

59 and Maarath, and Beth-anoth, and Eltekon: six cities and their villages;

60 Kiriath-baal, that is Kiriath-jearim, and Rabbah: two cities and their villages.

61 In the wilderness: Beth-arabah, Middin, and Secacah,

62 and Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and En-gedi: six cities and their villages.

63 And the Jebusite dwelling·​·in Jerusalem, the sons of Judah were· not ·able to dispossess; and the Jebusite dwells with the sons of Judah in Jerusalem even·​·to this day.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

Numbers 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

Deuteronomy 2:23

Joshua 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Judges 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

1 Samuel 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

2 Samuel 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

1 Kings 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

2 Kings 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

1 Chronicles 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

2 Chronicles 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Nehemiah 11:25, 30

Job 2:11

Song of Solomon 1:14

Isaiah 17:5, 27:12

Jeremiah 7:31, 19:2

Ezekiel 48:7

Micah 1:14, 15

Zechariah 14:10

Významy biblických slov

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

tongue
In Psalms 5:9, 'the throat an open sepulcher,' relates to evil, 'the tongue speaking smooth things,' to falsity.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

quarter
A fourth part, or quarter, signifies the same as four.

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

reuben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

valley of
'The valley of Siddim' signifies the uncleanness of lust, and the falsities derived from them.

rephaim
'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

fountain
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

ephron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

around
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

Seir
'Mount Seir' denotes the human essence of the Lord.

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

timnah
'Thimnath,' as in Genesis 38:12, signifies a state of consultatoin for the church.

shoulder
'The shoulder' signifies all power. 'The shoulder,' as in Ezekiel 29:7, signifies the power or faculty of understanding truth. 'To dwell between his shoulders,' as...

northward
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mount
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

midst
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

joshua
Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dwelt
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

captured
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

donkey
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

south
'South' denotes truth in light.

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

edge
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

tribe
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

southward
'The land of the south,' as in Genesis 24:62, signifies divine light, for 'the south' signifies light, and the light of intelligence, which is wisdom,...

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Kerioth
'Holon, Jahazah, Mephaath, Dibon, Nebo, Beth-diblathaim, Kiriathaim, Beth-gamu, Beth-meon, Kerioth, Bozrah,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 48:21-26, signify the kinds of the false principle, whereby those...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

fourteen
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

Naamah
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

Makkedah
'The cave of Makkedah,' as in Joshua 10:28, signifies dire falsity originating in evil.

daughters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

border
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

goshen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

Holon
'Holon, Jahazah, Mephaath, Dibon, Nebo, Beth-diblathaim, Kiriathaim, Beth-gamu, Beth-meon, Kerioth, Bozrah,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 48:21-26, signify the kinds of the false principle, whereby those...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

nine
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

cain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

gibeah
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

Timnath
'Timnath' denotes state of consultation regarding the good of the church.

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

salt
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

villages
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

dwelling
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Sons of Judah
'The sons of Judah,' as in Joel 3:6, signify the celestial aspects of faith.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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