Joshua 13

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And Joshua was·​·old, and came·​·into days; and Jehovah said to him, Thou art·​·old, and come·​·into days, and the land that is left is· very ·much to be possessed.

2 This is the land that is left; all the boundaries of the Philistines and all the Geshurite.

3 From Shichor which is before Egypt, and even·​·to the border of Ekron northward, is reckoned to the Canaanite, five satraps of the Philistines; the Gazathite, and the Ashdodite, the Eshkalonite, the Gittite, and the Ekronite, and the Avim.

4 From the south all the land of the Canaanite, and Mearah which belongs to the Zidonians, even·​·to Aphek, even·​·to the border of the Amorite;

5 and the land of the Gebalites, and all Lebanon, toward the rising of the sun from Baal-gad under Mount Hermon, until one comes to Ḥamath;

6 all who dwelt·​·in the mountain from Lebanon even·​·to Misrephoth-maim, all the Zidonians; I will dispossess them from before the sons of Israel; only let it fall to Israel for an inheritance, as I have commanded thee.

7 And now, part this land for an inheritance for the nine tribes and the half tribe of Manasseh.

8 With him the Reubenite and the Gadite have taken their inheritance which Moses gave them across Jordan toward the sunrise, as Moses the servant of Jehovah gave them.

9 From Aroer, which is by the lip of the brook Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the brook, and all the plateau of Medeba to Dibon.

10 And all the cities of Siḥon, king of the Amorite who reigned in Heshbon, to the border of the sons of Ammon.

11 And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurite, and the Maachathite and all Mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salchah.

12 All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei; he was left of the remnant of the Rephaim; and Moses smote them and dispossessed them.

13 And the sons of Israel did not dispossess the Geshurite and the Maachathite; and Geshur and Maachah dwell in the midst of Israel to this day.

14 Only unto the tribe of Levi he gave no inheritance; the fire·​·offerings of Jehovah, the God of Israel, are his inheritance as He spoke unto him.

15 And Moses gave unto the tribe of the sons of Reuben according to their families.

16 And their border is from Aroer, which is by the lip of the brook of Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the brook, and all the plateau by Medeba;

17 Heshbon and all her cities that are on the plateau, Dibon and Bamoth-baal and Beth-baal-meon,

18 and Jahaz, and Kedemoth and Mephaath,

19 and Kiriathaim, and Sibmah, and Zereth-shachar in the mountain of the valley,

20 and Beth-peor, and the watercourses of Pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth,

21 and all the cities of the plateau, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorite who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote with the chiefs of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the princes of Sihon, who dwelt in the land.

22 And Balaam the son of Beor, the diviner, the sons of Israel killed with the sword upon their slain.

23 And the border of the sons of Reuben was the Jordan and the border thereof. This was the inheritance of the sons of Reuben for their families, the cities and their villages.

24 And Moses gave to the tribe of Gad, to the sons of Gad for their families;

25 and the border for them was Jaazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the sons of Ammon even·​·to Aroer which is against the face of Rabbah;

26 and from Heshbon even·​·to Ramath-mizpeh and Betonim; and from Mahanaim even·​·to the border for Debir;

27 and in the valley, Beth-haram, and Beth-nimrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the remainder of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, the Jordan and its border, even·​·to the edge of the sea of Chinnereth across the Jordan toward the sunrise.

28 This is the inheritance of the sons of Gad, according·​·to their families, the cities and their villages.

29 And Moses gave an inheritance to the half tribe of Manasseh; and it was for the half tribe* of the sons of Manasseh according·​·to their families.

30 And their border was from Mahanaim, all of Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the hamlets of Jair which are in Bashan, sixty cities;

31 and half Gilead, and Ashtaroth and Edrei, cities from the kingdom of Og in Bashan; for the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the sons of Machir for their families.

32 These are what Moses, in the deserts of Moab, across the Jordan near Jericho toward the sunrise, gave·​·for·​·an·​·inheritance.

33 But to the tribe of Levi Moses gave not an inheritance; Jehovah, the God of Israel, He is their inheritance, as He spoke to them.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

boundaries
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

northward
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

the Gittite
'Obed-Edom, the Gittite,' as in 2 Samuel 6:10, represents people who were in spiritual good.

rising
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

nine
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

mount
'Mount Olivet' signifies the celestial church, or celestial good, which comes from love towards the Lord, and divine love.

Hermon
'The dew of Hermon' signifies divine truth.

rephaim
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

lip
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Dibon
'Holon, Jahazah, Mephaath, Dibon, Nebo, Beth-diblathaim, Kiriathaim, Beth-gamu, Beth-meon, Kerioth, Bozrah,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 48:21-26, signify the kinds of the false principle, whereby those...

Mephaath
'Holon, Jahazah, Mephaath, Dibon, Nebo, Beth-diblathaim, Kiriathaim, Beth-gamu, Beth-meon, Kerioth, Bozrah,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 48:21-26, signify the kinds of the false principle, whereby those...

Kiriathaim
Nebo, Kiriathaim, Misgab, Sibmah, Jaser, and Chemosh,' as in Jeremiah 48:1, signify the false principles which taint people who are principled in natural good.

sibmah
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

reigned
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smote
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midian
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Hur
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dwelt
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balaam
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killed
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sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

slain
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reuben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

sons of
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

Ammon
Ammonite and Moabite ('Deuteronomy 23:3'), signify the profanation of the celestial and spiritual things of faith.

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Succoth
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

heshbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

edge
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sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

villages
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

tribe
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

border
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

Og
'Og, king of Bashan' signifies being in evils of every kind.

king of Bashan
'Og, king of Bashan' signifies being in evils of every kind.

sixty
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

half
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

manasseh
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

families
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

moab
Ammonite and Moabite ('Deuteronomy 23:3'), signify the profanation of the celestial and spiritual things of faith.

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

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