Joshua 1

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Kempton Translation         

← Deuteronomy 34   Joshua 2 →

1 And it was, after the death of Moses, the servant of Jehovah, that Jehovah said to Joshua the son of Nun, the minister of Moses, saying,

2 Moses My servant is dead; and now arise, cross·​·over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, to the land which I give to them, to the sons of Israel.

3 Every place on which the sole of your foot shall tread, to you have I given it, as I spoke to Moses.

4 From the wilderness and this Lebanon, and to the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and to the great sea toward the going·​·in of the sun, shall be your border.

5 A man shall not stand·​·forth before thee all the days of thy life; as I was with Moses, I will be with thee; I will not let·​·go of thee nor forsake thee.

6 Be·​·firm and have·​·courage, for thou shalt cause this people to inherit the land, which I promised to their fathers to give to them.

7 Only be·​·firm and be· very ·courageous, to take·​·heed to do according·​·to all the law, which Moses My servant commanded thee; turn· not ·aside from it to the right·​·hand or to the left, so·​·that thou mayest have·​·intelligence, in all the ways in which thou goest.

8 The book of this law shall not depart out·​·of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate in it day and night, so·​·that thou mayest observe to do according·​·to all that is written in it; for then thou shalt make thy way to prosper, and then thou shalt have·​·intelligence.

9 Have I not commanded thee? Be·​·firm and have·​·courage; be not terrified, neither be· thou ·dismayed; for Jehovah thy God is with thee, in all the ways in which thou goest.

10 And Joshua commanded the officers of the people, saying,

11 Pass· ye ·through among the camp, and command the people, saying, Prepare for yourselves provisions; for in yet three days you shall cross·​·over this Jordan, to go·​·in to possess the land, which Jehovah your God gives to you to possess it.

12 And to the Reubenite and to the Gadite, and to the half tribe of Manasseh said Joshua, saying,

13 Remember the word which Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded you, saying, Jehovah your God gives to you rest, and will give to you this land.

14 Your wives, your infants, and your livestock, shall dwell in the land which Moses gave to you across the Jordan; but you shall cross·​·over girded·​·to·​·the·​·fifth* before your brothers, all the mighty·​·men of force, and help them;

15 until Jehovah shall give to your brothers rest, as to you, and they also shall possess the land which Jehovah your God gives to them; then you shall return to the land of your possession, and you shall possess it, which Moses the servant of Jehovah gave to you across the Jordan toward the rising of the sun.

16 And they answered Joshua, saying, All that thou hast commanded us we will do, and to every place that thou sendest us we will go.

17 As in all in which we hearkened to Moses, so will we hearken to thee; only Jehovah thy God be with thee, as He was with Moses.

18 Every man who shall rebel·​·against thy command* and shall not hear thy words, as to all that thou commandest him, he shall·​·be·​·put·​·to·​·death; only be·​·firm and have·​·courage.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua Chapter 1: God Commissions Joshua

The book of Joshua is all about entering, conquering, and settling in a new land. The Israelites are to go into and live in the land which God had promised to give them, and where their forebears had dwelt many centuries before.

This chapter kicks off the story. Joshua has taken on the leadership of the Children of Israel, and he is commissioned to lead the people across the river Jordan and to take the land.

The inner meaning of this story is not a political one but, because it is in the Bible, it’s a personal or spiritual one. The land of Canaan represents our own personal life (see Apocalypse Explained 569[5]). We have some high ideals and good intentions, which are represented by the people of Israel, and we have some of the common human failings - being self-centred, critical, greedy, judgmental (you name it!). These traits are represented in the Book of Joshua by the several tribes of Canaan who have taken up residence there while Israel was in Egypt. Their tribal names have meanings like ‘low-lying’, and ‘mud-dwellers’. Conquering them symbolizes our need – with God’s help – to overcome our low-life human shortcomings and instead be led by God’s truths (Arcana Caelestia 4816).

Joshua is commissioned by God to lead the people (Arcana Caelestia 8595). Moses has died, and now Joshua is in charge. In commissioning him, God describes several things that we also need to relate to personally. First, we are told we need to cross the river Jordan to go into the land. A river is a very definite boundary and this tells us that there is a sharp distinction between our old life and our new life, without shades of grey.

Next Joshua is told that every place your foot treads upon shall be yours. This brings out our need to use God’s truths practically by living and doing them rather than intellectually just thinking about them, because our ‘foot’ is the lowest point of our body which directly touches the ground (see Heaven and Hell 97). The ground we walk on is life itself.

Then, the borders of the land of Canaan are described by namem and these give us ideas about our need to be challenged (wilderness), to think well (Lebanon), to do good (Hittites), and much more (the Great Sea). Then God says that if we make our decision to live God’s truths, nothing will be able to stand in our way.

After this come the famous words ‘Be strong and very courageous’ (Arcana Caelestia 6343). These come several times in chapter 1, to encourage us and to hold us in the strength of God’s power. We are also told not to turn to the right hand or the left, meaning that we are to obey God and do what is right without deviating. After a great start we can so easily slow down and turn away.

The Book of the Law shall not depart from our mouth but we must meditate on it day and night and keep it in our mouth, in our mind, our heart and our actions and our intentions.

Joshua then gives orders to the leaders to get the people ready to go. This means, for us, that our realisation that we must follow God and conquer our life needs to trickle down from our mind into every part of us in the smallest detail of this and this and even that. And to always be ready.

The last part of chapter 1 is about some of Israel’s tribes – Reubenites, Gadites and half of Manasseh. Earlier on, these tribes made the decision that they would rather settle on the east side of the river Jordan where there were good pastures. Moses had told them ‘Yes’ but now Joshua says that before they do, all the men must go with everybody into Canaan and fight and only then return over the Jordan to be with their wives and children and flocks.

This is telling us that there is place in our lives for external pleasures and possessions, but only when we have owned and lived the things of God first (Arcana Caelestia 870).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 901, 1408, 2788, 3693, 4289, 4495, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 444, 505


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532, 569, 600

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41, 49

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Významy biblických slov

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

minister
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

foot
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

river
'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....

euphrates
The river Euphrates signifies, in Psalms 80:9, 10, signifies the sensual and scientific principle.

hittites
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

border
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

book
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

night
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

observe
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

written
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

prosper
'To be made to prosper' signifies being provided for. Which is why 'Jehovah made it prosper in his hand' means Divine Providence. 

goest
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

half
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

manasseh
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

livestock
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

mighty
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

force
Forces denote the power of truth.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

rising
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

rebel
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

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 Arise! (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Be Strong and Courageous Door Handle Sign
This decorative door handle sign reminds you that God is always with you and that you can reach out to Him. Read and reflect on a passage from the Heavenly Doctrines for the New Church.
Activity | Ages over 15

 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Courage
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Making a Memorial of Passing over Jordan
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Plants of the Word
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of Joshua, Hero for the Lord
Identify stories in which Joshua demonstrates heroic qualities such as bravery, kindness, responsibility, loyalty, honesty, perseverance, strength and obedience.
Project | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of the Lord
Look at colored pictures of stories from the Word. Using a word bank, identify the quality of the Lord shown in each picture.
Project | Ages 9 - 14

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review Questions for the Book of Joshua
Review questions for the book of Joshua.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Call of Joshua
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Lord in Heaven
The sun of heaven can always be seen. This is comforting to the angels because that is where they see the Lord, always with them. Sample from the Jacob’s Ladder Program, Level 2, for ages 7-8.
Religion Lesson | Ages 7 - 8

 Why Was Joshua a Hero?
Read clues from Deuteronomy and Joshua to discover why Joshua was a hero.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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