Haggai 2

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1 In the seventh month, in the twentieth and first day of the month, the word of Jehovah was by the hand of Haggai the prophet, saying,

2 Say now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the great priest, and to those who·​·are·​·left of the people, saying,

3 Who is left among you who saw this house in its first glory, and how do you see it now? Is it not as·​·it·​·were as nothing in your eyes?

4 And now be·​·firm, O Zerubbabel, says Jehovah; and be·​·firm, O Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the great priest; and be·​·firm, all ye people of the land, says Jehovah, and do; for I am with you, says Jehovah of Armies.

5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when you went·​·out from Egypt, so My spirit stood among you; fear ye not.

6 For thus says Jehovah of Armies: once more—it is a·​·little while—and I will cause the heavens to quake, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

7 and I will cause all nations to quake, and the desire of all nations shall come; and I will·​·fill this house with glory, says Jehovah of Armies.

8 The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine, says Jehovah of Armies.

9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the first, says Jehovah of Armies; and in this place I will give peace, says Jehovah of Armies.

10 In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, was the word of Jehovah to Haggai the prophet, saying,

11 Thus says Jehovah of Armies: Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,

12 Behold, a man bears holy flesh in the wing of his garment, and with his wing touches bread, or stew, or wine, or oil, or any food, shall it be·​·holy? And the priests answered and said, No.

13 And Haggai said, If one who is defiled unclean by a dead body should touch any of these, shall· it ·be·​·unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall·​·be·​·unclean.

14 And Haggai answered and said, So is this people, and so is this nation before Me, says Jehovah; and so is every work of their hands; and that which they offer there, it is unclean.

15 And now, I pray you, Set your heart from this day and upward: from before a stone was set onto a stone in the temple of Jehovah

16 from when they used·​·to·​·be, when he came to a stack of twenty, and there were ten; when he came to the winepress to scoop·​·out fifty from the wine·​·vat, and there were twenty.

17 I smote you with scorching and with mildew and with hail in all the deeds of your hands; and you turned not to Me, says Jehovah.

18 Set your heart, I pray you, from this day and upward, from the twentieth and fourth day of the ninth month, even from the day that the founding of Jehovah’s temple was made, set your heart.

19 Is the seed still in the granary? As yet the vine, and the fig·​·tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, has not borne; but from this day will I bless you.

20 And again the word of Jehovah was to Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying,

21 Say to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will cause the heavens and the earth to quake;

22 and I will overturn the throne of kingdoms, and I will blot·​·out the firmness of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overturn the chariots, and those who ride in them, and the horses and their riders shall go·​·down, a man by the sword of his brother.

23 In that day, says Jehovah of Armies, I will take thee, O Zerubbabel, My servant, the son of Shealtiel, says Jehovah, and will set thee as a signet; for I have chosen thee, says Jehovah of Armies.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Chapter 2, Haggai comes a second time to Zerubbabel and Joshua, saying,

"Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?"

In verses 4-5 he encourages the people to be strong and persevere and in verses 6-9, he promises a great change coming. The Lord will bring about this change because an external church, a church that is just performing rituals, is of no use.

Only a church that leads people to do well in their lives, and in in their thoughts, because that is what the Lord says, is of any use. Once this truth has been falsified, or made “unclean” there is not much left of the church (verses 10-14).

Although there are abundant truths in the Word, in a church that is only external they are not found, because there is no use for them. In spite of the peoples' hardships, no one has bothered to question what they might be doing wrong.

From verse 18 Haggai’s prophecy becomes triumphant. "The seed is yet in the barn and the fig tree and the vine will come." The promise in verse 6 is repeated, "I will shake the heavens and the earth, and the sea and the dry land", i.e. He will overthrow all those who follow their own doctrine and their own false ideas.

The Lord will bring another church that is not the reconstructed ancient church or its representation, but a church built from a new knowledge of the Lord, and a new set of people. This, though not soon, will be the coming of the Lord himself. Zerubbabel is used to represent this as a shining signet, because, though governor, he was not of the Jewish people.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Chapter 2, Haggai comes a second time to Zerubbabel and Joshua, saying,

"Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?"

In verses 4-5 he encourages the people to be strong and persevere and in verses 6-9, he promises a great change coming. The Lord will bring about this change because an external church, a church that is just performing rituals, is of no use.

Only a church that leads people to do well in their lives, and in in their thoughts, because that is what the Lord says, is of any use. Once this truth has been falsified, or made “unclean” there is not much left of the church (verses 10-14).

Although there are abundant truths in the Word, in a church that is only external they are not found, because there is no use for them. In spite of the peoples' hardships, no one has bothered to question what they might be doing wrong.

From verse 18 Haggai’s prophecy becomes triumphant. "The seed is yet in the barn and the fig tree and the vine will come." The promise in verse 6 is repeated, "I will shake the heavens and the earth, and the sea and the dry land", i.e. He will overthrow all those who follow their own doctrine and their own false ideas.

The Lord will bring another church that is not the reconstructed ancient church or its representation, but a church built from a new knowledge of the Lord, and a new set of people. This, though not soon, will be the coming of the Lord himself. Zerubbabel is used to represent this as a shining signet, because, though governor, he was not of the Jewish people.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 232


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 28, 1551, 2252, 3780, 3813, 4759, 5321, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 191, 298, 306, 331, 437, 694, 913

Heaven and Hell 287

True Christian Religion 727


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 220, 242, 253, 355, 365, 400, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 58

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Významy biblických slov

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

twentieth
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Zerubbabel
Zerubbabel, mentioned in Zech. 4, represents the Lord.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

governor
'Officers' signify principles of what is false and evil.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

joshua
Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

first
'The first and the last' signifies that the Lord is the only God.

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

armies
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

heavens
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

fill
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

greater
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

second
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

bears
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

holy
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

wing
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

touches
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

bread
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Wine
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

oil
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

food
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

touch
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

nation
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

the temple
'Solomon's temple' represents heaven and the church.

Temple of Jehovah
The interior heavens are the temple of Jehovah.

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Mildew
'Mildew' signifies being unreceptive of the good of love and faith.

hail
Hail signifies false ideas that destroy good and truth. Hail signifies the false ideas that come from evil in our exterior natural selves. 'Hail of...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

fourth
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

tree
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

pomegranate
'Pomegranates,' as in Exodus 28:34, signify the scientific ideas of good and truth, which are doctrinal matters from the Word in the memory, which is...

olive tree
'Wood of oil' signifies good of love.

olive
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

throne
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

ride
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

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