Genesis 43

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And the famine became heavy in the land.

2 And it was as they completed eating what they purchased which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, Return, purchase for us a·​·little food.

3 And Judah said to him, saying, Testifying the man did testify to us, saying, You shall not see my face without your brother with you.

4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go·​·down and purchase food for thee.

5 And if thou wilt not send him, we will not go·​·down; for the man said to us, You shall not see my face without your brother with you.

6 And Israel said, Why did you do·​·evil to me, to tell the man whether you had yet a brother?

7 And they said, Asking, the man asked as to us and as to our birth, saying, Is your father still alive? Have you a brother? And we told him upon the mouth of these words. Knowing could we know that he would say, Bring· your brother ·down?

8 And Judah said to Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; and we will live, and not die, both we and thou, and our infants.

9 I will be·​·surety for him; from my hand shalt thou seek him; if I bring him not to thee, and place him before thee, then I shall be sinning to thee all the days.

10 For if· we had ·not lingered, surely we would have now returned these two·​·times.

11 And their father Israel said to them, If this be so, then do this: take of the song* of the land in your vessels, and bring·​·down to the man a gift·​·offering, a·​·little balm and a·​·little honey, aromas and stacte, pistachios and almonds.

12 And take double the silver in your hands, and the silver that was returned in the mouth of your bags, return it in your hand; perhaps it was an error.

13 And receive your brother*, and arise, and return to the man.

14 And God Shaddai give you compassions before the man, and send you your other brother and Benjamin. And I, as I have been bereaved, I shall be bereaved.

15 And the men took this gift, and they took double the silver in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose·​·up, and went·​·down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph.

16 And Joseph saw Benjamin with them, and he said to him who was over his house, Bring the men to the house, and butchering, butcher and prepare; for the men shall eat with me at noon.

17 And the man did as Joseph said; and the man brought the men to Joseph’s house.

18 And the men feared, for they were brought·​·into the house of Joseph; and they said, Concerning the word of the silver returned in our bags in the beginning are we brought; to roll down on us, and to fall on us, and to take us for servants, and our donkeys.

19 And they approached the man who was over Joseph’s house, and they spoke to him at* the entrance of the house,

20 and said, In·​·me*, my lord, coming·​·down we came·​·down in the beginning to purchase food;

21 and it was, when we came to the inn and we opened our bags, and behold, a man’s silver in the mouth of his bag, our silver in its weight; and we have returned it back in our hand.

22 And other silver have we brought·​·down in our hand to purchase food; we know not who put our silver in our bags.

23 And he said, Peace be to you, fear not; your God and the God of your father gave you a concealed gift in your bags; your silver came to me. And he brought· Simeon ·out to them.

24 And the man brought the men to Joseph’s house, and gave water, and they bathed their feet; and he gave their donkeys fodder.

25 And they prepared the gift·​·offering against the coming of Joseph at noon; for they heard that they should eat bread there.

26 And Joseph came to the house, and they brought him the gift·​·offering which was in their hand to the house, and bowed· themselves ·down to him to the earth.

27 And he asked them as to their peace, and said, Is there peace with your father, the old one of whom you talk? Is he still living?

28 And they said, There is peace to thy servant our father; he is yet alive. And they bent·​·themselves, and bowed· themselves ·down.

29 And he lifted·​·up his eyes, and saw Benjamin his brother, his mother’s son, and said, Is this your youngest brother, of whom you said to me? And he said, God be·​·gracious·​·to thee, my son.

30 And Joseph made·​·haste, for his compassions* did yearn toward his brother; and he sought to weep, and he came to the bed chamber, and wept there.

31 And he bathed his faces, and went·​·out, and he held·​·himself·​·back, and said, Set on bread.

32 And they set on for him alone, and for them alone, and for the Egyptians who did eat with him, alone; because the Egyptians are· not ·able to eat bread with the Hebrews; because this is an abomination to the Egyptians.

33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according·​·to his birthright, and the youngest being·​·youngest; and the men were amazed, a man to his companion.

34 And he carried out portions* from with him* to them; and he multiplied Benjamin’s portion above the portions of them all, five measures*. And they drank and drank·​·largely with him.

← Genesis 42   Genesis 44 →
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Arcana Coelestia 5574, 5575, 5576, 5577, 5594, 5595, 5596, ...


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Arcana Coelestia 1195, 1343, 1992, 2165, 3148, 4539, 4592, ...

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Významy biblických slov

eating
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

birth
'Nativity,' as in Genesis 10:32, signifies reformation. Out of thy nativity and out of thy father's house,' as in Genesis 12:1, signifies corporeal and worldly...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

knowing
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

surety
To be 'surety' for someone, signifies being joined to him, as in Genesis 43:9.

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

lingered
'To linger,' as in Genesis 19:16, signifies resistance from the nature of evil. Lingering' signifies a state of doubt. When a state of life passes...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

vessels
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

balm
Balm signifies the truth of exterior natural good, and its pleasantness.

honey
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

Shaddai
'Shaddai,' as in Genesis 43:14, signifies temptation, and consolation after temptation. This is because the ancients called the one and only God by various names...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

send
'To send' signifies revealing.

and Benjamin
'The tribe of Zebulon' signifies the conjunction of people in the third heaven with the Lord, 'the tribe of Joseph,' the conjunction of people in...

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

feared
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

roll
'To roll away the stone from over the well’s mouth,' as in Genesis 29:10, signifies uncovering the Word's interior contents.

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

servants
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

inn
"Lodging place" is a tricky term to deal with, because there are several different terms in the original language which are translated several different ways...

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

Fear not
Fear not, as in Revelation 1:17; Daniel 10:5, 12; Matthew 17:5, 7; 28:10, etc., signifies resuscitation to life, and at the same time adoration from...

fear
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

feet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

donkeys
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

fodder
'Provender' signifies the good of scientific truths. 'To give provender to his donkey,' as in Genesis 42:27, signifies reflection upon scientific ideas, because 'provender' is...

coming
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

noon
'Noon' signifies the full state of the church. 'Noon' signifies wisdom in its most luminous state. 'Noon' denotes a state of light, because the times...

heard
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

offering
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

earth
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

bowed
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

youngest
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

haste
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

weep
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

wept
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

bathed
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

egyptians
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

bread
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

hebrews
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

Benjamin
'The tribe of Zebulon' signifies the conjunction of people in the third heaven with the Lord, 'the tribe of Joseph,' the conjunction of people in...

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

drank
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

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 Dramatize the Story of Joseph Receiving His Brothers
Retell the story or read selected portions from the Word as the children dramatize the story of the brothers going to Egypt and being reunited with Joseph. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Joseph's Cup Found - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: make a special cup for Joseph, have your own feast with some foods that were eaten in ancient Egypt, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Cup Found - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: make a special cup for Joseph, play Brothers Bingo to help you learn the names of all Joseph's brothers, sing a song to learn the names of the sons of Israel (video), scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Cup Found - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: service activity of preparing food for your congregation, explore the idea of what honesty is in the Joseph story and in your own life with skits, read and reflect on a door handle sign about being honest and shunning deceit, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Cup Found - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: service activity of making care bags for a person or family in need, explore how taking responsibility for one's actions in 4 different stages can be a turning point in "Turn and Live", read and reflect on a door handle sign about being honest and shunning deceit, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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