Genesis 42

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1 And Jacob saw that there·​·were rations in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, Why do you look at one another?

2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there·​·are rations in Egypt; go·​·down thither, and purchase·​·rations for us from thence; and we shall live, and not die.

3 And the ten brothers of Joseph went·​·down to purchase grain from Egypt.

4 And Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jacob sent not with his brothers; for he said, Lest harm befall him.

5 And the sons of Israel came to purchase in the midst of those that came; for the famine was in the land of Canaan.

6 And Joseph, he was dominant over the land; it was he who rationed to all the people of the land; and the brothers of Joseph came, and bowed· themselves ·down to him, faces to the earth.

7 And Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but made· himself ·unrecognizable to them, and spoke hard things with them; and he said to them, Whence did you come? And they said, From the land of Canaan to purchase food.

8 And Joseph recognized his brothers; but they did not recognize him.

9 And Joseph remembered the dreams that he dreamed of them, and said to them, You are spies; to see the nakedness of the land you have come.

10 And they said to him, No, my lord, but thy servants have come to purchase food.

11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest; thy servants are not spies.

12 And he said to them, No, but to see the nakedness of the land you have come.

13 And they said, We thy servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.

14 And Joseph said to them, This is it what I spoke to you, saying, you are spies.

15 By this you shall be tested: as Pharaoh lives, you shall not go·​·out from this place unless your youngest brother come hither.

16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and you shall be bound, and your words shall be tested, whether the truth is with you; and if not, as Pharaoh lives, then you are spies.

17 And he gathered them under guard three days.

18 And Joseph said to them on the third day, Do this, and live; I fear God.

19 If you be righteous, let one of your brothers be bound in the house of your keeping; and go, bring back your purchase for the hunger of your houses.

20 And bring your youngest brother to me; and your words shall be believed, and you shall· not ·die. And they did so.

21 And they said, a man to his brother, We are indeed guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the adversity of his soul, when he asked· us ·for·​·grace, and we would not hear; therefore has this adversity come to us.

22 And Reuben answered them, saying, Said I not to you, saying, Sin not against the child; and you did not hearken? And, behold, also his blood is inquired after.

23 And they knew not that Joseph heard them; for the translator was between them.

24 And he turned·​·around from upon them, and wept; and he returned to them, and spoke to them, and took Simeon from them, and bound him before their eyes.

25 And Joseph commanded, and they filled their vessels with grain, and he commanded them to return their silver of each·​·man to his sack, and to give them provision for the way; and he did so to them.

26 And they lifted their purchase onto their donkeys, and went thence.

27 And one opened his sack to give his donkey fodder in the inn, and he saw his silver; and behold, it was in the mouth of his bag.

28 And he said to his brothers, My silver is returned, and behold, it is even in my bag; and their heart went·​·forth, and they were frightened a man to his brother, saying, What is this that God has done to us?

29 And they came to Jacob their father to the land of Canaan, and told him all that had befallen them, saying,

30 The man, the lord of the land, spoke hard things with us, and took us for spies of the land.

31 And we said to him, We are honest; we are not spies.

32 We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest* is today with our father in the land of Canaan.

33 And the man, the lord of the land, said to us, By this I shall know that you are righteous; let· one of your brothers ·stay with me, and take for the hunger of your houses, and go.

34 And bring your youngest brother to me, then shall I know that you are not spies, but that you are honest; I will give your brother to you, and you shall trade in the land.

35 And it was that they emptied their sacks, and behold, each·​·man, the bundle of his silver was in his sack; and they saw the bundles of their silver, they and their father, and they were fearful.

36 And Jacob their father said to them, Me have you bereaved, Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and you will take Benjamin; all these things be come upon me.

37 And Reuben said to his father, saying, Put·​·to·​·death my two sons if I bring him not to thee; give him upon my hand, and I will return him to thee.

38 And he said, My son shall not go·​·down with you; for his brother is·​·dead, and he alone is left; and harm will befall him in the way in which you shall go, and you will make my gray·​·hairs go·​·down in sorrow to the underworld.

  
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Významy biblických slov

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

look
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

brothers
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

and Benjamin
'The tribe of Zebulon' signifies the conjunction of people in the third heaven with the Lord, 'the tribe of Joseph,' the conjunction of people in...

Benjamin
'The tribe of Zebulon' signifies the conjunction of people in the third heaven with the Lord, 'the tribe of Joseph,' the conjunction of people in...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

midst
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Land of Canaan
The land of Canaan' in the Word, means love, and consequently, the will of the celestial self.

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

bowed
To bow in prayer is common in most religious practices, so it's not surprising that “to bow” in the Bible represents humility and worship in...

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

remembered
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

dreams
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

spies
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

nakedness
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

servants
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

youngest
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

Lives
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

send
In every instance, however, 'being sent' means coming forth, (or going forth), in the internal sense, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is...

bound
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

truth
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Third day
'The third day' signifies the end of a state of preparation for reception, and so an end of purification, as in Exodus 19:16. 'The third...

third
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

reuben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

knew
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

around
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

wept
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

filled
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

vessels
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

sack
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

provision
'Provision' or 'meat,' as in Genesis 42:25 and Psalm 78:25, signifies support from truth and good.

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

donkeys
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

donkey
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

fodder
'Provender' signifies the good of scientific truths. 'To give provender to his donkey,' as in Genesis 42:27, signifies reflection upon scientific ideas, because 'provender' is...

inn
An inn' signifies a place of instruction. An inn' signifies the exterior natural level in general. This cannot be confirmed from parallel passages in the...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

To
‘To grieve at heart’ is in reference to love, and ‘to repent,’ to wisdom, as in Genesis 6:6.

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

sons of our father
'Sons of a father' denote truths derived from good, so from one origin.

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

bundle
A bundle (Gen. 42:3) signifies orderly arrangement, because the truths ap­pertaining to man are disposed and arranged into series: those which are in the greatest...

bundles
A bundle (Gen. 42:3) signifies orderly arrangement, because the truths ap­pertaining to man are disposed and arranged into series: those which are in the greatest...

fearful
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sorrow
'The woman condemned to 'bring forth sons in sorrow' denotes the anxieties and combats in the production of truths.

underworld
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

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 Dramatize the Story of Joseph Receiving His Brothers
Retell the story or read selected portions from the Word as the children dramatize the story of the brothers going to Egypt and being reunited with Joseph. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Food for the Soul
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Good and Bad Times
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out the story of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a sack and show that it has both grain and money in it, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out a script of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a Lord's Prayer book (video demonstration), scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between appearance and reality, read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between civil, moral and spiritual judgments in "You Are Spies!", read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 Sacks of Grain from Egypt
This project involves either letting the children make small sacks out of felt or making the sacks ahead of time and then using them to dramatize the story.
Project | Ages 4 - 10


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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