Genesis 4

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And man knew Eve his wife, and she conceived, and gave·​·birth·​·to Cain, and she said, I have gotten* a man, Jehovah*.

2 And she added to bring·​·forth* his brother, Abel; and Abel was a shepherd of the flock, and Cain was a tiller of the ground.

3 And it was at the end of days, and Cain brought of the fruit of the ground a gift·​·offering to Jehovah.

4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstborn from his flock, and from its fat. And Jehovah had·​·regard to Abel, and to his gift·​·offering;

5 and to Cain and to his gift·​·offering He had not regard, and Cain was very incensed, and his faces fell.

6 And Jehovah said to Cain, Why art thou incensed? and why are thy faces fallen?

7 If thou doest·​·well, is there not an uplifting? And if thou doest· not ·well, sin coucheth at the entrance; and to thee is his* desire, and thou rulest over him.

8 And Cain talked to Abel his brother; and it was when they were in the field, that Cain rose·​·up against Abel his brother, and killed him.

9 And Jehovah said to Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not; am I the keeper of my brother?

10 And He said, What hast thou done? The voice of the bloods* of thy brother cries to Me from the ground.

11 And now art thou cursed from the ground, which has gaped·​·open with her mouth to take the bloods of thy brother from thy hand.

12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not add to give to thee its power; a vagabond and a fugitive shalt thou be in the earth.

13 And Cain said to Jehovah, My iniquity is greater than can be borne away*.

14 Behold, Thou hast driven· me ·out today from upon the faces of the ground; and from Thy faces shall I be hidden, and I shall be a vagabond and a fugitive in the earth; and it shall be that everyone who finds me shall kill me.

15 And Jehovah said to him, Therefore if anyone kills Cain, sevenfold he shall be avenged. And Jehovah set on Cain a sign to all who find him not to smite him.

16 And Cain went·​·out from the faces of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land of Nod, toward·​·the·​·east of Eden.

17 And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and gave·​·birth·​·to Enoch; and it came·​·to·​·pass that he was building a city, and called the name of the city according·​·to the name of his son, Enoch.

18 And to Enoch was born Irad; and Irad begot Mehujael; and Mehijael begot Methushael; and Methushael begot Lamech.

19 And Lamech took to him two wives; the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the second, Zillah.

20 And Adah gave·​·birth to Jabal; he was the father of the dweller in tents, and of livestock.

21 And the name of his brother was Jubal; he was the father of all who handle the harp and organ*.

22 And Zillah, she also gave·​·birth·​·to Tubal-cain, an instructor of every artificer in bronze and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

23 And Lamech said to his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice, ye wives of Lamech, and give·​·ear·​·to what· I ·say, for I have killed a man for my wounding, and a child for my bruising.

24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, then Lamech seventy and sevenfold.

25 And man knew his wife yet again*, and she gave·​·birth·​·to a son, and she called his name Seth; for God has put another seed for me instead of Abel; for Cain killed him.

26 And to Seth, to him also there was·​·born a son; and he called his name Enosh; then began they to call upon the name of Jehovah.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, ...

Apocalypse Explained 817

The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 103

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 405

True Christian Religion 279


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 337, 346, 347, 348, 349, 485, 527, ...

True Christian Religion 466


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 427, 838

Spiritual Experiences 323, 4139

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

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Leviticus 3:16, 26:20

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Psalms 9:13, 49:12, 107:34, 127:3

Proverbs 19:3, 28:17

Ecclesiastes 4:4

Jonah 4, 9

Matthew 23:35

Luke 3:38, 11:51

Romans 6:12

Hebrews 11:4, 12:24

James 5:4

1 John 3:12

Jude 1:11

Významy biblických slov

Eve
The name 'Eve' comes from the Hebrew word חַוָּה or 'Chava,' a form of the word for life, which is why she is called 'the...

shepherd
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

fruit
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

fat
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

offering
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

well
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

keeper
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

open
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

bloods
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

iniquity
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

greater
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ground
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

hidden
'To hide themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:15, signifies being in evils and in falsities...

vagabond
'To be a vagabond' is to have no knowledge of truth and good.

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

kill
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

sign
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

smite
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

dwelt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

the land of Nod
'The land of Moriah' denotes a place and state of temptation.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Nod
'The land of Nod,' as in Genesis 4:16, signifies a state destitute of goodness and truth.

eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

building
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

enoch
Enoch (Gen. 5:18) signifies the seventh church from Adam, and which consisted of those who had framed doctrines out of the things which had been...

Irad
'Irad,' the son of Enoch, in Genesis 4:18, signifies heretical doctrine derived from Cain.

begot
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

Mehujael
'Mehujael' signifies heresies.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

second
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Jabal
'Jabal, the father of people who dwell in tents, and of cattle,' as in Genesis 4:20, signifies doctrine concerning the holy things of love, and...

Tents
'Ohalim' or 'tabernacles' signify the holy part of what is good.

livestock
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

brother
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

Jubal
'Jubal,' as in Genesis 4:21, signifies the doctrine of spiritual things in the new church which succeeded Lamech. Being 'the father of the harp and...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Tubal-Cain
'Tubal-Cain, an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies the doctrine of natural good and truth. Tubal-Cain is called...

an instructor
'Tubal-Cain, an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies the doctrine of natural good and truth. Tubal-Cain is called...

bronze
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

iron
'An iron pan,' as in Ezekiel 4:3, signifies the truth that was falsified and adulterated among the Jewish people.

the sister of Tubal-Cain
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

sister
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

Naamah
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Adah
Adah, Lamech's wife, (Genesis 4:9), represents the mother of the celestial things of faith.

Zillah
Zillah (Gen. 4) signifies the mother of the natural things of that new church which succeeded the church represented by Lamech.

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

wounding
'Wound,' as in Exodus 21:25, signifies a hurt done to the affection of love. 'To wound' signifies injuring the mind and spiritual life by falsities.

avenged
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

sevenfold
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

lamech
Lamech,' as in Genesis 4:18, signifies the vastation of the church when there was no longer any faith. Lamech,' as in Genesis 5:25, signifies the...

seventy and sevenfold
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

knew
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Abel
Abel signifies charity or love, in Genesis 4:2. (Divine Providence 242, Arcana Coelestia 325, and Arcana Coelestia 341). Abel signifies celestial love, which is loving...

cain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

killed
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Seth
'Seth,' as in Genesis 4:25 , signifies a new faith which brings charity.

born
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

call
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

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 Abel, Keeper of Sheep
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Cain and Abel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 My Brother's Keeper
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Questions Asked by God
Article | Ages over 15

 The Fifth Commandment: You Shall Not Murder
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord’s Great Mercy
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Two Brothers and Their Offerings
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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