Genesis 34

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, to whom she gave·​·birth for Jacob, went·​·out to see the daughters of the land.

2 And Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the chief of the land, saw her, and took her, and lay with her, and pressured her.

3 And his soul stuck to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spoke upon the heart of the damsel.

4 And Shechem said to Hamor his father, saying, Fetch me this girl for a woman.

5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter; and his sons were with his livestock in the field; and Jacob was·​·silent until they came.

6 And Hamor the father of Shechem went·​·out to Jacob to speak with him.

7 And the sons of Jacob came from the field as they heard it, and the men were grieved, and they were· very ·incensed, because he had done folly in Israel, in lying with Jacob’s daughter, and so it should not be done.

8 And Hamor spoke with them, saying, Shechem my son, his soul delights in your daughter; give her, I pray, to him for a woman.

9 And make·​·marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters to you.

10 And you shall dwell with us, and the land shall be before you; dwell ye, and range through it trading, and have·​·possession in it.

11 And Shechem said to her father and to her brothers, Let me find grace in your eyes, and what you say to me I will give.

12 Multiply on me exceedingly a dowry and a gift, and I will give as you say to me; and give me the damsel for a woman.

13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father with deceit, and spoke, because he had defiled Dinah their sister.

14 And they said to them, We are· not ·able do this word, to give our sister to a man that has a foreskin, because this would be a reproach to us.

15 Surely in this will we consent to you, if you be as we to circumcise of you every male.

16 And we will give our daughters to you, and will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will be for one people.

17 And if you will not hearken to us to circumcise, then we will take our daughter and go.

18 And their words were·​·good in the eyes of Hamor, and in the eyes of Shechem the son of Hamor.

19 And the lad delayed not to do the word, for he delighted in the daughter of Jacob; and he was honored above all the house of his father.

20 And Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their city, and spoke to the men of their city, saying,

21 These men are peaceable with us, and let them dwell in the land, and range through it trading, and behold the land is broad in spaces before them; let us take their daughters to us for women, and let us give our daughters to them.

22 Surely in this will the men consent to us to dwell with us, to be for one people, in every male being circumcised of us, as they are circumcised.

23 Their livestock, and what they had bought, and all their beast, will they not be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will dwell with us.

24 And they hearkened to Hamor and to Shechem his son, all who went·​·out of the gate of his city; and they circumcised every male, all who went·​·out of the gate of his city.

25 And it was, on the third day, when they were·​·in·​·pain, that the two sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, brothers of Dinah, took a man his sword, and came upon the city confidently, and killed every male.

26 And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son by the mouth of the sword, and took Dinah from the house of Shechem, and went·​·out.

27 The sons of Jacob came upon those who were slain, and plundered the city, because they had defiled their sister.

28 Their flocks and their herds and their donkeys, and what was in the city, and what was in the field, they took;

29 and all their belongings, and all their infants, and their women, they took·​·captive and plundered, and all that was in the house.

30 And Jacob said to Simeon and to Levi, You have troubled me, to make me stink among the dweller of the land, among the Canaanite and among the Perizzite; and I am as mortals in number*, and they will be gathered against me, and will smite me, and I shall be blotted·​·out, I and my house.

31 And they said, Shall he make our sister as a harlot?

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Významy biblických slov

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

hivite
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

To
‘To grieve at heart’ is in reference to love, and ‘to repent,’ to wisdom, as in Genesis 6:6.

loved
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

girl
In the Word, the words 'virgin' and 'girl' are used, although the word translated 'girl' rarely occurs in the original language. In Exodus 2:8, 'a...

silent
'Silence' has various significations. In general it means everything which causes it, which includes astonishment, which is a special cause, as in Revelation 8:1.

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Folly
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

multiply
'Spreading themselves on the earth,' as in Genesis 8:17, signifies the internal self operating on the external.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

damsel
The damsels of Rebecca, in Genesis 24:61, signify subservient affections. See Daughter.

Woman
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

deceit
The spiritual meaning of being deceitful is pretty close to the literal meaning: According to the Writings it means using false thinking and logic to...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

foreskin
Heaven is filled with the love and delight of marriage, which has its origin in the marriage of love and wisdom in the Lord and...

reproach
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

circumcise
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Daughter of Jacob
The daughter of Jacob (Gen. 34:19) signifies the superstitious principle of the ancient church.

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

daughters
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

livestock
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

beast
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

circumcised
The Writings teach that all parts of the human body correspond to spiritual things. That includes the sex organs of both men and women, which...

Third day
'The third day' signifies the end of a state of preparation for reception, and so an end of purification, as in Exodus 19:16. 'The third...

third
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Pain
'Pain' signifies repugnant things arising from interior falsities, because what is repugnant is painful.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Simeon and Levi
'Simeon and Levi' in respect to the Jewish nation, represent falsity and evil.

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

male
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

killed
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Hamor
'Hamor, the father of Schechem,' represents the truth of the church among the ancients. 'Hamor, the father of Schechem,' signifies the good of the church...

Shechem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Sons of Jacob
'The sons of Jacob' generally signify everything in the Lord’s divine natural level.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

slain
'A multitude of slain' relates to people who perish from falsities, and 'a great number of carcasses,' of people who perish from evils, as in...

flocks
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

herds
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

donkeys
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

stink
To 'stink,' as in Genesis 34:30, denotes aversion and abomination.

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

smite
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

sister
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

harlot
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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