Genesis 23

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1 And the lives* of Sarah were a hundred years and twenty years and seven years, the years of the lives of Sarah.

2 And Sarah died in Kiriath-arba, it is Hebron in the land of Canaan; and Abraham came to wail for Sarah, and to weep for her.

3 And Abraham rose·​·up from upon the faces of his dead, and spoke to the sons of Heth, saying,

4 I am a sojourner and a lodger with you; give to me a possession of a sepulcher with you, and I will bury my dead from before me.

5 And the sons of Heth answered Abraham, saying to him,

6 Hear us, my lord, thou art a prince* of God in the midst of us; in the choice of our sepulchers bury thy dead; No man of us shall hold·​·back from thee his sepulcher, from burying thy dead.

7 And Abraham rose·​·up, and bowed· himself ·down to the people of the land, to the sons of Heth.

8 And he spoke with them, saying, If it·​·is with your soul to bury my dead from before me, hear me, and intercede for me with Ephron the son of Zohar.

9 That he may give to me the cave of Machpelah, which he has, which is in the end of his field; in full silver* let him give it to me, in the midst of you, for a possession of a sepulcher.

10 And Ephron was sitting in the midst of the sons of Heth; and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the ears of the sons of Heth, to all that came·​·into the gate of his city, saying,

11 No, my lord, hear me; the field I give to thee, and the cave that is in it, to thee I give it; before the eyes of the sons of my people I give it to thee; bury thy dead.

12 And Abraham bowed· himself ·down before the people of the land.

13 And he spoke to Ephron in the ears of the people of the land, saying, Surely, if thou would, hear me; I will give the silver* of the field; take it from me, and I will bury my dead there.

14 And Ephron answered Abraham, saying to him,

15 My lord, hear me; land of* four hundred shekels of silver, what is that between me and thee? And now bury thy dead.

16 And Abraham hearkened to Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver of which he had spoken in the ears of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, such as passes at the trader.

17 And the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field and the cave which was in it, and every tree which was in the field, which was in all its border all around, were secured

18 for Abraham for an acquisition* before the eyes of the sons of Heth, with all that came·​·into the gate of his city.

19 And after this Abraham buried Sarah his wife, in the cave of the field of Machpelah, upon the faces of Mamre, it is Hebron, in the land of Canaan.

20 And the field and the cave that is in it were secured for Abraham for a possession of a sepulcher from the sons of Heth.

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Významy biblických slov

Lives
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

sarah
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

died
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Land of Canaan
The land of Canaan' in the Word, means love, and consequently, the will of the celestial self.

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) was the ancestor of all the Children of Israel, through his son...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

weep
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

heth
The daughters of Heth, as mentioned in Genesis 27:46, signify the affections of truth from a ground that is not genuine. Here they are the...

sojourner
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Sepulcher
In the internal sense of the Word, 'a sepulcher' signifies life or heaven, and in the opposite sense, death or hell. It signifies life or...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

bowed
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

intercede
'To intercede,' in Genesis 23:8, signifies being prepared to receive.

ephron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Machpelah
'Macpelah,' as in Genesis 23:17, signifies regeneration by truth, which relates to faith.

field
A "field" in the Bible usually represents the Lord's church, and more specifically the desire for good within the church. It's where good things start,...

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

sitting
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

hittite
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Four hundred
Four hundred signifies vastation, temptations, and the duration thereof.

shekels
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

Mamre
Mamre was an Amorite who lived in the land of Canaan, in the area called Hebron in what would much later be the kingdom of...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

border
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

buried
'Being buried' or 'put into monuments' signifies resurrection and continuation of life.

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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