Genesis 22

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1 And it was, after these words*, that God tempted Abraham, and said to him, Abraham; and he said, Behold me.

2 And He said, Take, I pray, thy son, thine only·​·one, whom thou lovest, even Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer· him ·up there for a burnt·​·offering upon one of the mountains of which I will speak to thee.

3 And Abraham got·​·up·​·early in the morning, and saddled his donkey, and took two of his lads with him, and Isaac his son; and he split the wood of the burnt·​·offering, and rose·​·up, and went to the place of which God said to him.

4 And on the third day Abraham lifted·​·up his eyes, and saw the place afar·​·off.

5 And Abraham said to his lads, Sit ye here with the donkey, and I and the lad will go thither, and we will bow· ourselves ·down, and will return to you.

6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt·​·offering, and set it on Isaac his son; and he took in his hand the fire and the knife; and the two of them went together.

7 And Isaac said to Abraham his father; and he said, My father; and he said, Behold me, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood; and where is the lamb for a burnt·​·offering?

8 And Abraham said, God will see for Himself the lamb for a burnt·​·offering, my son; and they went the two of them together.

9 And they came to the place which God said to him; and Abraham built there the altar, and arranged the wood, and bound Isaac his son, and set him on the altar on the wood.

10 And Abraham put·​·forth his hand, and took the knife to slaughter his son.

11 And the angel of Jehovah called to him out·​·of the heavens, and said, Abraham, Abraham; and he said, Behold me.

12 And He said, Put· not ·forth thy hand to the lad, and do not anything to him; for now I know that thou fearest God, and thou hast not kept·​·back thy son, thine only·​·one, from Me.

13 And Abraham lifted his eyes, and saw, and behold a ram behind him, seized in a thicket by his horns; and Abraham went, and took the ram, and offered· it ·up for a burnt·​·offering instead of his son.

14 And Abraham called the name of that place, Jehovah-will-see, as it is said today, In the mountain Jehovah will see.

15 And the angel of Jehovah called to Abraham a second time out·​·of the heavens,

16 and said, By Myself have I promised, says Jehovah, for because of this thing which thou hast done, and hast not kept·​·back thy son, thine only·​·one,

17 that blessing, I will bless thee, and multiplying, I will multiply thy seed, as the stars of the heavens, and as the sand which is on the lip of the sea; and thy seed shall possess the gate of thine enemies.

18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because of that in which thou hast obeyed My voice.

19 And Abraham returned to his lads; and they rose·​·up, and went together to Beer-sheba; and Abraham dwelt in Beer-sheba.

20 And it was, after these words, that it was·​·told to Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she also has given·​·birth to sons for Nahor thy brother:

21 Uz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram;

22 and Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel.

23 And Bethuel begot Rebekah; these eight did Milcah bring·​·forth for Nahor, Abraham’s brother.

24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, she also gave·​·birth to Tebah, and Gaham, and Tahash, and Maachah.

  
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Významy biblických slov

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

God tempted Abraham
God tempted Abraham, as in Genesis 22:1, signifies the Lord's grievous and inmost temptations.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) was the ancestor of all the Children of Israel, through his son...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

lovest
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

isaac
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Moriah
'The land of Moriah' denotes a place and state of temptation.

mountains
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

saddled
'To saddle,' as in Genesis 22:3, signifies preparation.

donkey
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

lads
A boy (Gen. 18:7) signifies the natural man, and consequently, him who ministers and administers. Boy (Gen. 22:3) signifies the Lord's former rational principle merely...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

rose
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

third
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

Third day
'The third day' signifies the end of a state of preparation for reception, and so an end of purification, as in Exodus 19:16. 'The third...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

bow
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

fire
Fire, in the spiritual sense, can mean both love and hatred depending on the context, just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping...

knife
'A knife' used for sacrifices denotes the truth of faith.

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

built
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

slaughter
'Slaughter' signifies perdition and damnation. 'Slaughter' and 'a storm of slaughter,' signifies evils which destroy the goods of the church. 'The day of great slaughter'...

angel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

heavens
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

ram
'A ram' signifies the Lord’s divine spiritual nature pertaining to a person. 'A ram' signifies the good of innocence and charity in the internal self....

behind
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

thicket
In Jeremiah 4:7, facts are called 'thickets,' because facts are by nature like thickets, especially when the desires of self-love and love of the world...

horns
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

blessing
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

multiply
'Spreading themselves on the earth,' as in Genesis 8:17, signifies the internal self operating on the external.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Stars of the heavens
'The stars of the heavens,' as in Genesis 22:17, signify spiritual people. Throughout the Word, these people are compared to stars from the knowledge of...

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

lip
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

blessed
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

voice
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

nahor
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Uz
'Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed, Haza, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel,' as in Genesis 22:22, 23, signify various religions and the kinds of worship practiced in them....

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Buz
'Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed, Haza, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel,' as in Genesis 22:22, 23, signify various religions and the kinds of worship practiced in them....

Kemuel
'Kemuel' denotes various religious principles and worship.

aram
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

Pildash
'Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed, Haza, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel,' as in Genesis 22:22, 23, signify various religions and the kinds of worship practiced in them....

Jidlaph
Jidlaph' signifies various religious principles and kind of worship.

and Bethuel
'Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed, Haza, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel,' as in Genesis 22:22, 23, signify various religions and the kinds of worship practiced in them....

Bethuel
Bethuel (Gen. 24), signifies the origin of the affection of good.

begot
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

rebekah
'Rebecca,' as in Genesis 24, signifies divine truth which would be joined to divine good of the Lord’s rational mind, which is 'Isaac.'

eight
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

concubine
'Sons of concubines' signify the spiritual degree.

Reumah
'Reumah' denotes exaltation.

Tebah
In Genesis 22:24, Tebah, Gaham, Thaash, and Maacah signifies the various religions and kinds of worship derived from Reumah, who represents the Gentiles, in idolatrous...

Gaham
In Genesis 22:24, Tebah, Gaham, Thaash, and Maacah signifies the various religions and kinds of worship derived from Reumah, who represents the Gentiles, in idolatrous...

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 Abraham and Isaac
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Abraham’s Sacrifice
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Isaac Almost Loses His Life
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Sacrifices for the Lord
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 Sacrifices for the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Sacrifice of Isaac
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Sacrifice of Isaac
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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