Genesis 19



1 And the two angels came to Sodom in the evening; and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom; and Lot saw, and rose·​·up to meet them, and he bowed· himself ·down with his face to the earth.

2 And he said, Behold, I pray, my lords, turn·​·aside, I pray, to the house of your servant, and pass·​·the·​·night, and bathe your feet; and you shall get·​·up·​·early, and go on your way; and they said, No, for we will pass·​·the·​·night in the avenue.

3 And he urged them exceedingly; and they turned·​·aside to him, and came to his house; and he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread; and they did eat.

4 Scarcely had they lain·​·down and the men of the city, the men of Sodom, surrounded the house, from a lad and even·​·to an old man, all the people, even from the outermost part*.

5 And they called to Lot, and said to him, Where are the men that came to thee this night? Bring· them ·out to us, that we may·​·know them.

6 And Lot went·​·out to them to the entrance and closed the door behind him.

7 And he said, I pray you, my brothers, do not do·​·evil.

8 Behold now, I have two daughters, who have· not ·known a man; now let me bring· them ·out to you, and you may do to them as is good in your eyes; only to these men do not a thing; for therefore have they come into the shadow of the beams* of my roof.

9 And they said, Move aside!* And they said, Is one come to sojourn, and judging shall he judge? Now will we do·​·evil to thee more than to them. And they pressed* on the man, on Lot, exceedingly; and approached to break the door.

10 And the men put·​·forth their hand, and brought Lot into the house to them, and shut the door.

11 And the men who were at the entrance of the house they smote with blindness, from small even·​·to great; and they labored* to find the entrance.

12 And the men said to Lot, Hast thou still anyone here? Son-in-law, thy sons, and thy daughters, and whomever thou hast in the city, bring· them ·out of the place.

13 For we will destroy this place, for their cry is· become ·great before Jehovah; and Jehovah has sent us to destroy it.

14 And Lot went·​·out, and spoke to his sons-in-law who were to take his daughters, and said, Arise, go·​·out from this place, for Jehovah will destroy the city. And in the eyes of his sons-in-law he was as one jesting.

15 And as the dawn came·​·up the angels insisted that Lot hasten, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters who are found, lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.

16 And he lingered; and the men held· his hand ·firmly, and the hand of his wife, and the hand of his two daughters, with the pity* of Jehovah upon him, and they brought· him ·out, and placed him outside the city.

17 And it was, as they were bringing· them ·out outside, that He said, Escape for thy soul; look not back after thee, and stand not in all the plain; escape towards the mountain, lest thou be consumed.

18 And Lot said to them, No, I pray, my lords.

19 Behold, I pray, thy servant has found grace in thine eyes, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast done with·​·me, to make my soul live, and I am· not ·able to escape to the mountain, lest the evil stick to me, and I die.

20 Behold, I pray, this city is near to flee thither, and it is a little·​·one. Let me, I pray, escape thither; is it not a little·​·one? And my soul shall live.

21 And He said to him, Behold I have accepted thy face* as to this word also, that I will not overturn the city of which thou hast spoken.

22 Hasten, escape thither, for I cannot do a thing until thou be come thither. Therefore he called the name of the city Zoar.

23 The sun was gone·​·out on the earth, and Lot came to Zoar.

24 And Jehovah made·​·it·​·rain on Sodom and on Gomorrah sulfur and fire from Jehovah out·​·of the heavens.

25 And He overturned these cities, and all the plain, and all who dwell·​·in the cities, and the growth of the ground.

26 And his wife looked back from after him, and became a statue of salt.

27 And Abraham got·​·up·​·early in the morning, to the place where he had stood before Jehovah.

28 And he gazed on the faces of Sodom and Gomorrah, and on all the faces of the land of the plain, and he saw, and behold the fumes of the land went·​·up, as the fumes of a furnace.

29 And it was, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out·​·of the midst of the overturning, when He overturned the cities in which Lot dwelt.

30 And Lot went·​·up from Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar; and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

31 And the firstborn said to the younger, Our father is·​·old, and there is no man in the earth to come to us according·​·to the way of all the earth.

32 Come, let us make· our father ·drink wine, and let us lie with him, and let us make· the seed from our father ·live.

33 And they gave· their father wine ·to·​·drink in that night; and the firstborn came·​·in, and lay with her father; and he knew not when she lay·​·down, and when she arose.

34 And it was on the morrow, and the firstborn said to the younger, Behold, I, lay last·​·night with my father; let us give· him wine ·to·​·drink tonight also, and go· thou ·in and lie with him, and cause the seed from our father to live.

35 And they gave· their father wine ·to·​·drink in that night also; and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he knew not when she lay·​·down nor when she arose.

36 And the two daughters of Lot conceived by their father.

37 And the firstborn gave·​·birth to a son, and called his name Moab; he is the father of Moab even·​·to today.

38 And the younger she also gave·​·birth to a son, and called his name Ben-ammi; he is the father of the sons of Ammon until today.


Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 19      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2312. In this chapter, in the internal sense, by "Lot‘s is described the state of the Spiritual Church which is in the good of charity but in external worship: how in course of time it declines.

AC 2313. The First State of that church: that they are in the good of charity and acknowledge the Lord, and that from Him they are confirmed in good (verses 1 to 3); and are saved (verse 12). The Second State: that with them evils begin to act against goods, but they are powerfully withheld from evils and kept in goods by the Lord (verses 14 to 16). Their weakness is described (verse 17); that they are saved (verse 19). The Third State: that they no longer think and act from the affection of good, but from the affection of truth (verses 18 to 20); and that they are saved (verse 23). The Fourth State: that the affection of truth perishes, which is Lot’s wife becoming a pillar of salt (verse 26). The Fifth State: that an impure good, or a good of falsity, succeeds, which is Lot in the cave of the mountain (verse 30). The Sixth State: that even this good is still more adulterated and falsified (verses 31 to 33); and the truth likewise (verses 34, 35). That therefrom there is conceived and born a certain semblance of a church whose good, so called, is "Moab," and whose truth, also so called, is the "son of Ammon" (verses 36 to 38).

AC 2314. Further: in the internal sense, by the "inhabitants of Sodom" is described the state of those within the same church who are against the good of charity, and how in course of time evil and falsity increase with them until they have nothing but evil and falsity.

AC 2315. Their First State: that they are against the good of charity and against the Lord (verses 4, 5). Their Second State: that although informed concerning the good of charity and concerning the delights of its affections which they should enjoy, they are obstinate and reject good (verses 6 to 8). That they also endeavor to destroy the very good of charity itself, but that the Lord protects it (verses 9, 10). The Third State: that at last they become such that they cannot even see truth and good, still less that truth leads to good (verse 11). That they are possessed by evil and falsity, so that they cannot but perish (verse 13). The Fourth State: their destruction (verse 24); and that all goods and truths are separated from them (verse 25).

AC 2316. That the good are separated from the evil, and that the good are saved through the Lord‘s Human made Divine (verses 27-29).

Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.