Genesis 16

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1 And Sarai, the wife of Abram, did not give·​·birth for him; and she had a handmaid, an Egyptian, and her name was Hagar.

2 And Sarai said to Abram, Behold, I pray, Jehovah has restrained me from giving·​·birth; go·​·in, I pray, to my handmaid; perhaps I shall be built up out·​·of her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.

3 And Sarai, the wife of Abram, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, at the end of ten years of Abram dwelling in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram, her man, to him for a woman.

4 And he came·​·in to Hagar, and she conceived; and she saw that she had conceived, and her mistress was·​·vile in her eyes.

5 And Sarai said to Abram, May the injury done to me be upon thee; I gave my handmaid into thy bosom; and she saw that she conceived, and I am·​·vile in her eyes; Jehovah judge between me and thee.

6 And Abram said to Sarai, Behold thy handmaid is in thy hand, do to her that which is good in thine eyes; and Sarai afflicted her, and she ran·​·away from her face.

7 And the Angel of Jehovah found her by a fount of waters in the wilderness, by the fount in the way to Shur.

8 And He said, Hagar, handmaid of Sarai, whence comest thou? and whither goest thou? And she said, From the faces of Sarai, my mistress, I am running·​·away.

9 And the Angel of Jehovah said to her, Return to thy mistress, and afflict thyself under her hands.

10 And the Angel of Jehovah said to her, Multiplying, I will multiply thy seed, and it shall not be numbered for multitude.

11 And the Angel of Jehovah said to her, Behold, thou hast conceived, and shalt give·​·birth to a son, and thou shalt call his name Ishmael; for Jehovah has hearkened to thine affliction.

12 And he shall be a wild·​·ass man, his hand against all, and the hand of all against him and he shall reside against the faces of all his brothers.

13 And she called the name of Jehovah who was speaking to her, Thou God seest me; for she said, Have I also here seen after Him who sees me?

14 Therefore she called the fount*, Beer-lahai-roi*; behold it is between Kadesh and Bared.

15 And Hagar gave·​·birth·​·to a son for Abram; and Abram called the name of his son to whom Hagar gave·​·birth, Ishmael.

16 And Abram was a son of eighty years and six years, when Hagar gave·​·birth·​·to Ishmael for Abram.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1890, 1891, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, ...

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 417


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 340, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, ...

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Významy biblických slov

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

Abram
Abram represents different spiritual things, as his story develops. When he is first mentioned, Abram, with his brothers Nahor and Haran, are listed as the...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

handmaid
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

hagar
Hagar, as mentioned in Genesis 16, signifies the affection of sciences of the outward self and also the life of the outer or natural self.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

built
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

dwelling
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Land of Canaan
The land of Canaan' in the Word, means love, and consequently, the will of the celestial self.

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Woman
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

mistress
'Mistress,' as in Genesis 16:9, signifies the affection for interior truth.

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

bosom
"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

angel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

found
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Shur
'Shur,' or 'Assyria,' signifies the Lord's state when He first received instruction in matters of doctrine regarding charity and faith.

comest
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

goest
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

return
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

multiply
'Spreading themselves on the earth,' as in Genesis 8:17, signifies the internal self operating on the external.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

Ishmael
'Ishmael' represents the first rationality pertaining to the Lord. 'Ishmael' signifies rationality separate from good. 'Ishmael' signifies the Lord's merely human rational. Ishmael, in Genesis...

affliction
Matthew 24:21 mentions an affliction "such as was not from the beginning of the world, no nor ever shall be". There, the affliction means the...

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

speaking
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

well
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

kadesh
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

bared
Bared, as in Gen 16:14, signifies what is beneath, consequently, scientific truth, from which also the rational principle is derived

eighty
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

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 Abraham and Ishmael
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Abraham and Lot
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Questions Asked by God
Article | Ages over 15

 Questions from the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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