Genesis 10



1 And these are the births of the sons of Noaḥ: Shem, Ham, and Japheth; and to them were sons born after the flood.

2 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

3 And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

4 And the sons of Javan: Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

5 From these the islands of the nations were separated in their lands, a man according·​·to his tongue, according·​·to their families in their nations.

6 And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.

7 And the sons of Cush: Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabteca. And the sons of Raamah: Sheba, and Dedan.

8 And Cush begot Nimrod. He began to be a mighty·​·man in the earth.

9 He was mighty in hunting before Jehovah. Therefore it was said, As Nimrod, mighty in hunting before Jehovah.

10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

11 From that land went·​·out Asshur*, and built Nineveh, and the city of Rehoboth, and Calah,

12 and Resen, between Nineveh and Calah; this is that great city.

13 And Mizraim begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

14 and Pathrusim, and Casluhim, from whom went·​·out the Philistines, and Caphtorim.

15 And Canaan begot Zidon, his firstborn, and Heth,

16 and the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,

17 and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

18 and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. And after them were the families of the Canaanites scattered.

19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Zidon, coming toward Gerar, even·​·to Gaza; coming toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and Admah and Zeboim, even·​·to Lasha.

20 These are the sons of Ham, according·​·to their families, according·​·to their tongues, in their lands, in their nations.

21 And there was born to Shem also; he is the father of all the sons of Eber; the elder brother of Japheth.

22 The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

23 And the sons of Aram: Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.

24 And Arpachshad begot Shelach; and Shelach begot Eber.

25 And to Eber were born two sons; the name of the one was Peleg, for in his days was the earth divided; and the name of his brother was Joktan.

26 And Joktan begot Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

27 and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,

28 and Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,

29 and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, in thy coming toward Sephar, the mountain of the east.

31 These are the sons of Shem, according·​·to their families, according·​·to their tongues, in their lands, according·​·to their nations.

32 These are the families of the sons of Noaḥ, according·​·to their births, in their nations; and from these were separated the nations in the earth after the flood.


Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 10      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

These chapters - with all the "begats" - don't seem to add a lot to the Bible reading experience. But... guess what! They're actually kind of interesting on the inside. This chapter actually describes the spread, and then the spiritual decline, of the Ancient Church.

In his exegesis, or explanation, of the kinds of religious thinking that the various people represent, Swedenborg provides some insight into human history, and into patterns of thought in our own lives, too.

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia":

AC 1130. The subject treated of throughout this whole chapter is the Ancient Church, and its propagation (verse 1).

AC 1131. They who had external worship corresponding to internal are the "sons of Japheth" (verse 2). They who had worship more remote from internal are the "sons of Gomer and Javan" (verses 3, 4). And they who had worship still more remote are the "isles of the nations" (verse 5).

AC 1132. They who cultivated knowledges, memory-knowledges, and rituals, and separated them from things internal, are the "sons of Ham" (verse 6). They who cultivated the knowledges of spiritual things are the "sons of Cush;" and they who cultivated the knowledges of celestial things are the "sons of Raamah" (verse 7).

AC 1133. Those treated of who have external worship in which are interior evils and falsities, "Nimrod" being such worship (verses 8, 9). The evils in such worship (verse 10). The falsities in such worship (verses 11, 12).

AC 1134. Concerning those who form for themselves new kinds of worship out of memory-knowledges by means of reasonings (verses 13, 14); and concerning those who make mere memory-knowledge of the knowledges of faith (verse 14).

AC 1135. Concerning external worship without internal, which is "Canaan," and the derivations of this worship (verses 15 to 18); and its extension (verses 19, 20).

AC 1136. Concerning internal worship, which is "Shem," and its extension even to the second Ancient Church (verse 21). Concerning internal worship and its derivations, which being from charity, are derivations of wisdom, of intelligence, of memory-knowledge, and of knowledges, which are signified by the "nations" (verses 22 to 24).

AC 1137. Concerning a certain church which arose in Syria, instituted by Eber, which is to be called the second Ancient Church, the internal worship of which is "Peleg," the external "Joktan" (verse 25). Its rituals are the nations named in verses 26 to 29. The extension of this church (verse 30).

AC 1138. That there were different kinds of worship in the Ancient Church, in accordance with the genius of each nation (verses 31, 32).

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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.