Ezekiel 33

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1 And the word of Jehovah was unto me, saying,

2 Son of man, speak to the sons of thy people, and say to them, When I bring the sword upon a land, and the people of the land take one man from within their ends, and put him for a watchman for them;

3 and he sees the sword come on the land, and he sounds the shophar*, and warns the people;

4 and the hearer hear the voice of the shophar, and take· not ·warning, and the sword come, and take him, his blood shall be on his own head.

5 He heard the voice of the shophar, and took· not ·warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he who takes·​·warning shall deliver his soul.

6 But if the watchman should see the sword coming, and not sound the shophar, and the people be not warned; and the sword come, and take a soul from among them, he is taken in his iniquity, but his blood will I require from the hand of the watchman.

7 And thou, O son of man, I have set thee a watchman to the house of Israel; and thou shalt hear the word from My mouth, and warn them from Me.

8 When I say to the wicked, O wicked one, dying thou shalt die; if thou dost not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked one shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I seek at thy hand.

9 But thou, if thou warn the wicked of his way to turn·​·back from it, and he does not turn·​·back from his way, he shall·​·die in his iniquity; but thou hast rescued thy soul.

10 And thou, son of man, say to the house of Israel, Thus you say, saying, Surely our transgressions and our sins be upon us, and we waste·​·away in them, and how should we live?

11 Say to them, As I am alive, says the Lord Jehovih*, I have no delight in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn·​·back from his way and live; turn· ye ·back, turn· ye ·back from your evil ways; for why will you die, O house of Israel?

12 And thou, son of man, say to the sons of thy people, The justice of the just shall not rescue him in the day of his transgression; and the wickedness of the wicked, he shall not stumble on it in the day that he turns·​·back from his wickedness; neither shall the just be·​·able to live in his justice in the day of his sin.

13 When I shall say to the just, that living he shall live, and he should trust upon his own justice, and do perversity, all his justice shall not be remembered; but for his perversity that he has done, he shall·​·die for it.

14 And when I say to the wicked, Dying thou shalt die, and he turn·​·back from his sin, and do judgment and justice,

15 If the wicked return the pledge, repay what·​·is·​·robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without doing perversity, living he shall live; he shall· not ·die.

16 All of his sins that he has sinned shall not be mentioned to him; he has done judgment and justice; living he shall live.

17 But the sons of thy people say, The way of the Lord is· not ·fair*; but as for them, their way is· not ·fair.

18 When the just turns·​·back from his justice, and does perversity, he shall· even ·die thereby.

19 But if the wicked turn·​·back from his wickedness, and do judgment and justice, thereby he shall live.

20 But you say, The way of the Lord is· not ·fair. O ye house of Israel, I will judge you, each·​·man according·​·to his ways.

21 And it was, in the twelfth year of our exile, in the tenth month, in the fifth of the month, that one who had escaped from Jerusalem came to me, saying, The city is smitten.

22 And the hand of Jehovah was upon me in the evening, before the coming of him who escaped; and He opened my mouth, until he came to me in the morning; and my mouth was opened, and I was·​·dumb no more.

23 And the word of Jehovah was to me, saying,

24 Son of man, they who dwell·​·in these wastes of the ground of Israel say, saying, Abraham was one, and he possessed the land, but we are many; the land is given to us for a possession.

25 Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord Jehovih: You eat with the blood, and lift your eyes to your idols, and shed blood; and shall you possess the land?

26 You stand upon your sword, you do abomination, and you are defiled, a man with the wife of his companion; and shall you possess the land?

27 Say thou thus to them, Thus says the Lord Jehovih: As I live, surely they who are in the wastes shall fall by the sword, and him who is on the faces of the field will I give to the wild·​·animals to devour, and they that be in the forts and in the caves shall die of the pestilence.

28 And I will lay the land most desolate, and the pride of her strength shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, that none shall pass·​·through.

29 And they shall know that I am Jehovah, when I have laid the land most desolate on·​·account·​·of all their abominations which they have done.

30 And thou, son of man, the sons of thy people are speaking against thee beside the walls and in the entrances of the houses, and they speak one with another one, a man to his brother, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what the word is that goes·​·forth from Jehovah.

31 And they come unto thee as the coming of a people, and they sit before thee as My people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them; for with their mouth they do dote, but their heart goes after their own gain.

32 And, behold, thou art to them as a doting song of a beautiful voice, and thou strummest well; and they hear thy words, but none of them do them.

33 And when it comes—, behold it comes—then they shall know that a prophet has been among them.

  
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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 156


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 612, 2235, 6367, 7102, 8711, 9263

Apocalypse Revealed 567, 668

Doctrine of the Lord 28

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 304, 388, 405, 650

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 51

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James 1:22, 2:10

2 Peter 20

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Významy biblických slov

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

son of man
The Lord, in some places, calls Himself 'the son of God,' at other times, 'the son of man (ἄνθρωπος).' This is always according to the...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

watchman
'A watchman,' as in Isaiah 21:11, in an internal sense, signifies someone who observes the states of the church and its changes, which applies to...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

horn
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

heard
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

iniquity
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Require
'To require of another' denotes the state when one thing is joined to another so that it cannot be separated.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Wicked
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Transgressions
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

sins
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jehovih
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

just
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

justice
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

transgression
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

wickedness
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

stumble
To 'stumble' denotes being scandalized or offended, and falling, as a result, from truths into falsities.

turns
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Perversity
'Perversity' signifies the evil of falsity.

remembered
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

repay
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

life
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

fifth
Five also signifies all things of one part.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

smitten
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

evening
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

ground
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) was the ancestor of all the Children of Israel, through his son...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

lift
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

idols
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

devour
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

pestilence
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

pride
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

strength
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

mountains
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

speaking
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

brother
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

song
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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