Ezekiel 31

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1 And it was, in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of Jehovah was unto me, saying,

2 Son of man, say unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude; to whom art thou likened in thy greatness?

3 Behold, Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon with beautiful boughs, and shadowing woods, and of a tall stature; and his top·​·branch was between the intertwined·​·branches.

4 The waters made· him ·great, the abyss lifted· him ·up with her rivers going all around his plants, and sent·​·out her waterways to all the trees of the field.

5 Therefore his stature was·​·loftier than all the trees of the field, and his limbs were multiplied, and his branches became·​·long from many waters, when he sent· them ·out.

6 All the fowls of the heavens nested in his limbs, and under his branches did all the animals of the field give·​·birth, and in his shadow dwelt all the many nations.

7 And he was·​·beautiful in his greatness, in the length of his offshoots; for his root was by many waters.

8 The cedars did not obscure him in the garden of God; the firs were not likened to his limbs, and the plane·​·trees were not as his branches; not any tree in the garden of God was·​·likened to him in his beauty.

9 I have made him beautiful with the multitude of his offshoots; and all the trees of Eden that were in the garden of God were·​·envious of him.

10 Therefore thus says the Lord Jehovih*, Because thou hast made· thyself ·tall in stature, and he has put his top·​·branch in between the intertwined·​·branches, and his heart is exalted in his loftiness;

11 And I have given him into the hand of the powerful one of the nations; dealing he shall deal with him; I have driven· him ·out according·​·to his wickedness.

12 And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut· him ·off, and have abandoned him; to the mountains and in all the ravines his offshoots are fallen, and his branches are broken in all the channels of the land; and all the people of the land are gone·​·down from his shadow, and have abandoned him.

13 Upon his fall shall all the fowls of the heavens abide, and all the animals of the field shall be in his branches:

14 in·​·order·​·that not any of the trees of the waters be·​·lofty in their stature, neither put their top·​·branch in between the intertwined·​·branches, neither their powerful ones stand in their loftiness, all that drink water; for they are all given to death, to the lower earth, in the midst of the sons of man, to those who go·​·down to the pit.

15 Thus says the Lord Jehovih; In the day of his going·​·down toward hell I caused a mourning; I covered the abyss over him, and I withheld its rivers, and the many waters were held·​·back: and I caused Lebanon to blacken over him, and all the trees of the field over him were fatigued.

16 I made the nations to quake at the voice of his fall, when I made him go·​·down to hell with those who go·​·down to the pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the lower earth.

17 They also went·​·down unto hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt in his shadow in the midst of the nations.

18 to whom in·​·this·​·manner art thou likened in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? But thou shalt be brought·​·down with the trees of Eden to the lower earth; thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his crowd, says the Lord Jehovih.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 654

Apocalypse Revealed 503

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 154


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 46, 108, 119, 130, 756, 776, 908, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 90, 312, 409, 567, 757

Divine Love and Wisdom 325

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 28

Doctrine of Faith 54

True Christian Religion 82, 467, 635


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 110, 175, 372, 388, 518, 538, 650, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3, 27, 41, 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 74

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Významy biblických slov

third
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

son of man
The Lord, in some places, calls Himself 'the son of God,' at other times, 'the son of man (ἄνθρωπος).' This is always according to the...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

stature
'Height' signifies the good and truth of the church in every degree.

branch
'Vineyard and branch,' as in Psalm 80:15, signifies the spiritual church represented by the sons of Israel.

branches
A branch (Matt. 24:32) signifies affection, for affection springs and flourishes from good as a branch Springs from its trunk. A branch (Mal. 4:1) denotes...

rivers
'Waters,' 'rivers,' and 'depths,' as in Psalm 78:15-16, signify truths from the Lord.

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Trees of the field
'The trees of the field,' as in Ezekiel 31:15, signify the knowledges of truth in the church.

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

fowls
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

heavens
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

shadow
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

length
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

root
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

cedars
'Libanus' signifies the spiritual church. The glory of Libanus,' as in Isaiah 9:13, signifies the celestial spiritual things of the Lord's kingdom and church.

Garden of God
The Garden of God, as in Ezekiel 28:13, signifies the rational principle of the spiritual church.

garden
A garden and paradise signify intellect and wisdom.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

beauty
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jehovih
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Terrible of the nations
In Ezekiel 28:7, 'strangers' signify falsities which destroy truths, and 'the terrible of the nations,' evils which destroy good.

mountains
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

broken
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

drink
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

earth
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

midst
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

pit
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

hell
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

mourning
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

covered
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

comforted
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...

slain
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

uncircumcised
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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