Ezekiel 20

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1 And it was, in the seventh year, in the fifth month, the tenth of the month, that certain of the elders of Israel came to inquire of Jehovah, and sat before me.

2 And the word of Jehovah was unto me, saying,

3 Son of man, speak with the elders of Israel, and say to them, Thus says the Lord Jehovih*; Are you come to inquire of Me? As I live, says the Lord Jehovih, I will not be inquired of by you.

4 Wilt thou judge them, wilt thou judge, son of man? Make them to know the abominations of their fathers;

5 and say unto them, Thus says the Lord Jehovih; In the day when I chose Israel, and lifted·​·up My hand unto the seed of the house of Jacob, and made· Myself ·known unto them in the land of Egypt, then I lifted·​·up My hand unto them, saying, I am Jehovah your God;

6 in that day that I lifted·​·up My hand to them, to bring· them ·out from the land of Egypt to a land that I had explored for them, flowing with milk and honey; it is the elegance for all the lands:

7 and I said to them, Cast· ye ·away each·​·man the detestable thing of his eyes, and defile not yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am Jehovah your God.

8 But they rebelled against Me, and were· not ·willing to hearken to Me; they did not each·​·man cast·​·away the detestable things of their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt: and I said, I will spill·​·out My fury on them, to complete My anger among them in the midst of the land of Egypt.

9 But I did so·​·that My name should not be profaned before the eyes of the nations, among whom they were, before whose eyes I made· Myself ·known unto them, in bringing· them ·forth out·​·of the land of Egypt.

10 And I caused them to go·​·out from the land of Egypt, and brought them into the wilderness.

11 And I gave them My statutes, and caused them to know My judgments, that man shall do them, and shall live by them.

12 And I also gave to them My Sabbaths, to be for a sign between Me and them, so·​·that they might know that I am Jehovah who sanctifies them.

13 But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they walked not in My statutes, and they rejected My judgments, which if man do, he shall even live in them; and My Sabbaths they profaned exceedingly: and I said I would spill My fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume· them ·all.

14 But I made for the sake of My name, that it should not be profaned before the eyes of the nations, in whose eyes I brought· them ·out.

15 But also I lifted·​·up My hand unto them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey; it is the elegance for all the lands;

16 because they rejected My judgments, and walked not in My statutes, but profaned My Sabbaths; for their heart went after their idols.

17 But My eye spared them from their destroying, and I did not make a complete end with them in the wilderness.

18 But I said unto their sons in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols:

19 I am Jehovah your God; walk in My statutes, and keep My judgments, and do them;

20 and hallow My Sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between Me and you, that you may know that I am Jehovah your God.

21 But the sons rebelled against Me; they walked not in My statutes, neither kept My judgments to do them, which man should do, and live in them; they profaned My Sabbaths; and I said I would spill·​·out My fury upon them, to complete My anger on them in the wilderness.

22 But I turned·​·back My hand, and made for the sake of My name, that it should not be profaned in the eyes of the nations, in whose eyes I brought· them ·out.

23 I lifted·​·up My hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the nations, and disperse them through the lands;

24 because they had not made My judgments, but had rejected My statutes, and had profaned My Sabbaths, and their eyes were after their fathersidols.

25 And I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live;

26 and I defiled them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass·​·through the fire all that opens·​·up the womb, so·​·that I might make· them ·desolate, so·​·that they might know that I am Jehovah.

27 Therefore, son of man, speak unto the house of Israel, and say unto them, Thus says the Lord Jehovih; Yet in this your fathers have blasphemed Me, in that they have trespassed a trespass against Me.

28 And I had brought them into the land, for which I lifted My hand to give it to them, and they saw every high hill, and all the intertwined trees, and they sacrificed their sacrifices there, and there they gave the provocation of their offering; and there they set their restful smell, and there poured·​·out their poured·​·offerings.

29 And I said to them, What is the high·​·place into which you are coming? And its name is called Bamah* even·​·to this day.

30 Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord Jehovih: Are you defiled after the way of your fathers, and do you commit·​·harlotry after their detestable things?

31 And when you lift·​·up your gifts, when you make your sons to pass·​·through the fire, you defile yourselves with all your idols, even·​·to this day; and shall I be inquired of by you, O house of Israel? As I am alive, says the Lord Jehovih, I will not be inquired of by you.

32 And that which goes·​·up into your spirit shall not be at all, that you say, We will be as the nations, as the families of the lands, to minister wood and stone.

33 As I live, says the Lord Jehovih, surely with a firm hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury spilled·​·out, will I reign over you;

34 and I will bring· you ·out from the peoples, and will bring· you ·together from the lands in which you are scattered, with a firm hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury spilled·​·out.

35 And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face.

36 As I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, says the Lord Jehovih.

37 And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the commitment of the covenant;

38 and I will purify you from those who revolt, and from those who transgress against Me; I will bring· them ·out from the land of their sojournings, and they shall not come to the ground of Israel; and you shall know that I am Jehovah.

39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus says the Lord Jehovih; Go ye, serve ye each·​·man his idols, and afterwards also, if you will not hearken unto Me; but profane you not My holy name any·​·more with your gifts, and with your idols.

40 For in My holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, says the Lord Jehovih, there shall all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, serve Me; there will I be·​·well·​·pleased in them, and there will I require your upliftings, and the firstfruits of your portions, with all your holy things.

41 I will be·​·well·​·pleased with you with your restful smell, when I bring· you ·out from the people, and bring· you ·together from the lands in which you have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the eyes of the nations.

42 And you shall know that I am Jehovah, when I shall bring you to the ground of Israel, to the land for which I lifted My hand to give to your fathers.

43 And there shall you remember your ways, and all your actions, wherein you have been defiled; and you shall loathe yourselves to your own face in all your evils that you have done.

44 And you shall know that I am Jehovah, when I have done with you for the sake of My name, not according·​·to your evil ways, nor according·​·to your corrupt actions, O ye house of Israel, says the Lord Jehovih.

45 21:1 And the word of Jehovah was unto me, saying,

46 21:2 Son of man, set thy face toward the way of the south, and drop·​·down thy word toward the south, and prophesy to the forest of the field of the south;

47 21:3 and say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of Jehovah; Thus says the Lord Jehovih; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every fresh tree in thee, and every dry tree; the flame of a grievous·​·flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned in her.

48 21:4 And all flesh shall see that I, Jehovah, have burned it; it shall not be quenched.

49 21:5 And I said, Alas Lord Jehovih! they are saying of me, Does he not prophetically·​·enunciate prophetic·​·enunciation?

  

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 143


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 349, 566, 574, 795, 878, 925, 1260, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 278, 316, 400, 401, 543, 546, 586, ...

Conjugial Love 156

Doctrine of the Lord 28, 48

True Christian Religion 156, 468


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 109, 183, 324, 376, 405, 412, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 74

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Významy biblických slov

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

elders
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Elders of Israel
The elders of Israel (Deut. 1:13, 15) represent celestial men.

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

son
Marriages in the Bible represent the union we all can have between the desire for good and the understanding of truth (or an understanding of...

son of man
The Lord, in some places, calls Himself 'the son of God,' at other times, 'the son of man (ἄνθρωπος).' This is always according to the...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

says
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jehovih
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

milk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

honey
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Lands
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

idols
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

rebelled
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

fury
Fury is a receding from good, and anger is a receding from truth.

anger
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

statutes
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

judgments
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...

sabbaths
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

sign
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

might
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

walked
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

observe
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

hallow
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

kept
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

scatter
The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

disperse
The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

smell
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

coming
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

called
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

way
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

lift
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

families
Families (as in Genesis 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. See Secrets of Heaven 917. In Nahum...

minister
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

reign
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

scattered
The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

ground
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

holy
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Require
'To require of another' denotes the state when one thing is joined to another so that it cannot be separated.

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

sanctified
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Loathe
'To loathe' denotes aversion.

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

south
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

forest
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Forest of the south
The forest of the south, as in Ezekiel 20:46, 47, signifies those who are in the light of truths, and extinguish it.

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

devour
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

flame
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

north
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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