Exodus 28

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1 And thou shalt cause to come·​·near to thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from the midst of the sons of Israel, that he may be·​·a·​·priest to Me, Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons.

2 And thou shalt make garments of holiness for Aaron thy brother, for glory and for adornment.

3 And thou shalt speak to all the wise in heart, whom I have·​·filled with the spirit of wisdom, and they shall make Aaron’s garments to sanctify him, that he may be·​·a·​·priest to Me.

4 And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a mantle, and a tunic of a square·​·weave, a miter, and a belt; and they shall make garments of holiness for Aaron thy brother, and for his sons, that he may be·​·a·​·priest to Me.

5 And they shall take the gold, and the blue, and the crimson, and the scarlet twice-dyed, and the fine·​·linen.

6 And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue and crimson, of scarlet twice-dyed and fine· twined ·linen, with the work of a thinker.

7 It shall have two shoulders coupled at its two edges; and it shall be coupled.

8 And the girding of his ephod, which is upon it, according to the work of it, shall be from it; of gold, of blue and crimson, and scarlet twice-dyed and fine· twined ·linen.

9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel.

10 Six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the Six that remain on the other stone, according to their births.

11 With the work of a craftsman in stone, with the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones, according to the names of the sons of Israel; surrounded with bezels of gold shalt thou make them.

12 And thou shalt set the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod, to be stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before Jehovah on his two shoulders for a remembrance.

13 And thou shalt make bezels of gold.

14 And two chains of pure gold; from their borders shalt thou make them, with rope making; and thou shalt put the chains of rope on the bezels.

15 And thou shalt make a breastplate of judgment, with the work of a thinker; like the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue and crimson, and scarlet twice-dyed and fine· twined ·linen, shalt thou make it.

16 Foursquare it shall be, doubled; a span its length, and a span its breadth.

17 And thou shalt·​·fill it with an infilling of stone, four rows of stone; a row, a ruby, a topaz, and a garnet, row one;

18 and the second row, a chrysoprase, a sapphire, and a diamond;

19 and the third row, a cyanus*, an agate, and an amethyst;

20 and the fourth row, a tarshish*, and an onyx, and a jasper; they shall be set·​·in·​·bezels with gold in their infillings.

21 And the stones shall be above the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, above their names; with the engravings of a signet, for each·​·man above his name, they shall be for the twelve tribes.

22 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains of the border with rope work, of pure gold.

23 And thou shalt make on the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.

24 And thou shalt put the two ropes of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastplate.

25 And the two ends of the two ropes thou shalt put on the two bezels, and shalt put them on the shoulders of the ephod next·​·to its faces.

26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt set them upon the two ends of the breastplate, upon the lip thereof, which is across the ephod towards the inside.

27 And thou shalt make two rings of gold; and shalt put them on the two shoulders of the ephod from below, over against its faces, alongside its coupling, above the girding of the ephod.

28 And they shall attach the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a strand of blue, that it may be on the girding of the ephod, and that the breastplate not detach from on the ephod.

29 And Aaron shall carry the names of the sons of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goes in to the holiness, for a remembrance before Jehovah continually.

30 And thou shalt put into the breastplate of judgment the Urim* and the Thummim*; and they shall be on the heart of Aaron, when he comes·​·in before Jehovah; and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the sons of Israel on his heart before Jehovah continually.

31 And thou shalt make the mantle of the ephod all of blue.

32 And the mouth of its head shall be in its midst; a lip for its mouth shall be all around it, made by the weaver, as the mouth of a corslet* it shall be for it, that it not be ripped.

33 And on the skirts of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of crimson, and of scarlet twice-dyed, on the skirts of it all around; and bells of gold in the midst of them all around.

34 A bell of gold and a pomegranate, a bell of gold and a pomegranate, on the skirts of the mantle all around.

35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister; and its voice shall be heard when he goes·​·in to the holy place before Jehovah, and when he goes out, that he die not.

36 And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and engrave upon it with the engravings of a signet, Holiness to Jehovah.

37 And thou shalt set it upon a strand of blue, and it shall be upon the miter; over against the faces of the miter it shall be.

38 And it shall be on the forehead of Aaron, and Aaron shall bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the sons of Israel shall sanctify according·​·to all the gifts of their holy things; and it shall be on his forehead continually, to make them well·​·pleasing before Jehovah.

39 And thou shalt weave· the tunic of fine·​·linen ·in·​·a·​·square·​·pattern, and thou shalt make a miter of fine·​·linen, and a belt thou shalt make with the work of the embroiderer.

40 And for the sons of Aaron thou shalt make tunics, and thou shalt make for them belts; and caps shalt thou make for them, for glory and for adornment.

41 And thou shalt put them on Aaron thy brother, and on his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and fill their hand, and shalt sanctify them, and they shall be·​·priests to Me.

42 And thou shalt make for them breeches of linen to cover the flesh of nakedness; from the loins and even·​·to the thighs they shall be.

43 And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come·​·in to the Tabernacle of the congregation, or when they approach the altar to minister in the holiness; lest they bear iniquity, and die; it is a statute of an age for him and for his seed after him.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Exodus 28      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Arcana Coelestia 9804. The subject here treated of is the garments of holiness which Aaron and his sons were to put on when they ministered. By the priesthood which Aaron with his sons was to administer was represented the Lord in respect to the Divine celestial, which is the Divine good in heaven; and by Aaron’s garments was represented the Divine spiritual, which is the Divine truth thence proceeding.

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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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