Exodus 22

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Kempton Translation         

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1 21:37 When a man shall steal an ox or a sheep, and shall butcher it, or sell it, he shall repay five cattle for the ox, and four of the flock for the sheep.

2 1 If a thief be found while digging·​·through, and be smitten, and die, no bloods* shall be shed for him.

3 2 If the sun have risen upon him, bloods shall be shed for him; repaying he shall repay; if he have nothing, he shall·​·be·​·sold for his theft.

4 3 If finding the theft be·​·found in his hand, from an ox even·​·to a donkey, even·​·to an animal·​·of·​·the·​·flock, living; he shall repay two times.

5 4 When a man shall desolate* a field or a vineyard, and shall send·​·out his brutish beast, and it shall desolate* the field of another; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, he shall repay.

6 5 When a fire shall go·​·forth, and shall find thorns, and a stack is devoured, or the standing·​·grain, or the field; he who burns the burning, repaying he shall repay.

7 6 When a man shall give to his companion silver or vessels to keep, and it be stolen out of the man’s house; if the thief be·​·found, he shall repay double.

8 7 If the thief be· not ·found, the master of the house shall be brought·​·near to God, to see if he has put·​·forth his hand into the business of his companion.

9 8 Over every word of transgression, over an ox, over a donkey, over an animal·​·of·​·the·​·flock, over raiment, over every lost thing, of which he shall say that it is this, even·​·to God shall come the word of the two of them; he whom God shall condemn shall repay two times to his companion.

10 9 When a man shall give to his companion a donkey, or an ox, or an animal·​·of·​·the·​·flock, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be broken, or be taken·​·captive, no one seeing it;

11 10 the promise of Jehovah shall be between the two of them, to see if he has put·​·forth his hand into the business of his companion, and his master has taken it, and he shall not repay.

12 11 And if stealing it shall be stolen from him, he shall repay to its master.

13 12 If tearing it shall be torn, he shall bring a witness for it*; he shall not repay that which was torn.

14 13 And when a man shall ask from his companion, and it be broken, or die, the master thereof not being with it, repaying he shall repay.

15 14 If the master thereof be with it, he shall not repay; if he is a hireling he shall come in his hire.

16 15 And when a man shall entice a virgin who is not betrothed, and shall lie with her, endowing he shall endow her to himself for a woman.

17 16 If her father refusing shall refuse to give her to him, he shall weigh silver according·​·to the dowry of virgins.

18 17 Thou shalt not let· a sorceress ·live.

19 18 All who lie with a beast, dying he shall·​·die.

20 19 He who sacrifices to gods, except to Jehovah alone, shall be doomed.

21 20 And a sojourner thou shalt not exploit, and thou shalt not subjugate him; for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

22 21 Any widow and orphan you shall not afflict.

23 22 If afflicting thou shalt afflict him, and crying he shall cry to Me, hearing I will hear his cry;

24 23 and My anger shall be·​·fierce, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall become widows, and your sons orphans.

25 24 If thou shalt lend silver to My people, the afflicted with thee, thou shalt not be to him as a creditor; you shall not set usury on him.

26 25 If taking·​·as·​·a·​·pledge thou shalt take·​·as·​·a·​·pledge thy companion’s raiment, even at the going·​·in of the sun thou shalt return it to him.

27 26 For it is his only covering, it is his raiment for his skin, in which he may lie·​·down; and it shall be, that he shall cry to Me, and I will hear; for I am gracious.

28 27 Thou shalt not revile God, and a chief among thy people thou shalt not curse.

29 28 The firstfruits of thy grain, and the firstfruits of thy wine,* thou shalt not delay. The firstborn of thy sons thou shalt give to Me.

30 29 So shalt thou do for thine ox, and for thy flock; seven days it shall be with its mother; on the eighth day thou shalt give it to Me.

31 30 And you shall be men of holiness to Me; and flesh that is torn in the field you shall not eat; you shall cast it to the dog.

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Genesis 31:39, 34:12

Exodus 13:2, 12, 20:3, 21:34, 23:9, 16, 19, 34:15

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Ezekiel 4:14, 18:7

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Acts of the Apostles 23:5

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James 5:4

Významy biblických slov

steal
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

ox
'The son of a cow' signifies the celestial natural level and natural exterior good.

sheep
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

sell
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

smitten
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

risen
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

bloods
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

sold
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

Vineyard
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

send
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

devoured
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

burning
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

vessels
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

transgression
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

donkey
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

animal
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

seeing
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

stealing
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

stolen
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

witness
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

broken
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

repaying
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

repay
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

hireling
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

hire
'Hire,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:33, referring to the Lord, signifies His proprium, that is, what was acquired from His own proper ability.

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

virgin
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

Woman
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

weigh
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

virgins
A ‘virgin’ in the Word means those who are in the Lord’s kingdom. –Secrets of Heaven 3081...

beast
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sojourner
'A sojourner' or 'stranger,' as in Matthew 25:32, signifies someone who is willing to be instructed.

sojourners
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

orphan
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

hearing
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

anger
Anger is an emotion so common to people that it requires no definition. However a couple of points of interest can be raised. 1) The...

kill
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

orphans
The fatherless signify those who are in good without truth, and are desirous by truth to be led to good.

lend
'To lend' signifies teaching. 'To lend' signifies communicating the goods and truths of doctrine from the Word.

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Usury
'An usurer,' as in Exodus 22:25, denotes someone who does good for the sake of gain.

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

raiment
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

skin
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Ripe
'Ripe' relates to the final state of the church.

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

holiness
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

torn
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

dog
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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