Exodus 21

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English: Kempton Translation         

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1 And these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

2 When thou shalt buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve; and in the seventh he shall go·​·out free for·​·nothing.

3 If with his body* he shall come·​·in, with his body he shall go·​·out; if he is a husband of a woman, then his woman shall go·​·out with him.

4 If his lord shall give him a woman, and she give·​·birth to sons or daughters for him, the woman and her children shall be for her lord, and he shall go·​·out with his body.

5 And if saying the servant shall say, I love my lord, my woman, and my sons; I will not go·​·out free;

6 then his lord shall present him to God, and shall present him at the door, or at the doorpost; and his lord shall bore through his ear with his awl; and he shall serve him to eternity.

7 And when a man shall sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go·​·out as the going·​·out of the menservants.

8 If she be evil in the eyes of her lord, so that he will not betroth her, then she shall be redeemed; to sell her to a foreign people he shall not have the power, by his acting·​·treacherously with her.

9 And if he shall betroth her to his son, he shall do for her according·​·to the judgment of the daughters.

10 If he shall take to him another; her meat, her covering, and his abiding* with her, he shall not diminish.

11 And if he shall not do these three to her, then she shall go·​·out for·​·nothing with no silver.

12 He that smites a man, and he die, dying he shall·​·die.

13 And if he has not stalked, and God caused the occasion in his hand, then I will set for thee a place whither he shall flee.

14 And when a man shall act·​·from·​·set·​·purpose against his companion, to kill him with cunning; thou shalt take him from My altar to die.

15 And he that smites his father and his mother, dying he shall·​·die.

16 And he who steals a man, and sells him, and if he shall·​·be·​·found in his hand, dying he shall·​·die.

17 And he that reviles his father and his mother, dying he shall·​·die.

18 And when men shall strive, and a man shall smite his companion with a stone, or with his fist, and he dies not, but falls to bed;

19 if he rise and walk outside on his staff, then the smiter shall be·​·innocent; only he shall give for his ceasing of work, and healing he shall heal him.

20 And when a man shall smite his manservant, or his maidservant, with a rod, and he die under his hand; in being avenged he shall be avenged.

21 Only if he shall stand for a day or two, he shall not be avenged, because he is his silver.

22 And when men shall quarrel, and shall strike a pregnant woman, and her child go·​·out, and there is no harm, with fining he shall be fined, as the master of the woman shall put on him; and he shall give according to the judges.

23 And if harm is done, then thou shalt give soul for soul,

24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

25 welt* for welt, wound for wound, bruise* for bruise.

26 And when a man shall smite the eye of his manservant, or the eye of his maidservant, and shall destroy it; he shall let him go free under his eye.

27 And if he shall make the tooth of his servant, or the tooth his maidservant fall out, he shall send him out free for his tooth.

28 And when an ox shall gore a man or a woman to death*, with stoning the ox shall be stoned, and he shall not eat its flesh; and the master of the ox shall be innocent.

29 But if the ox gored someone from yesterday and the day·​·before*, and it has been testified to its master, and he has not kept it in, and it cause a man or a woman to die; the ox shall be stoned, and its master also shall die.

30 If atonement be put on him, then he shall give the ransom of his soul according to all that is put on him.

31 Whether he have gored a son, or gored a daughter, according·​·to this judgment shall it be done to him.

32 If the ox shall gore a manservant, or a maidservant; he shall give to their lord thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

33 And when a man shall open a pit, or when a man shall dig·​·out a pit and not cover it, and an ox or a donkey shall fall in there;

34 the master of the pit shall repay; he shall return silver to its master, and the dead one shall be his.

35 And when the ox of a man shall strike the ox of his companion, and he die; then they shall·​·sell the living ox, and shall halve the silver of it; and the dead one also they shall halve.

36 Or if it be known that the ox had charged·​·out from yesterday and the day before, and its master has not kept it in; repaying he shall repay an ox instead of the ox, and the dead one shall be for him.

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Významy biblických slov

'Great judgments' signify the laws of divine order, or divine truths.

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

A foreigner, as in Exodus 12:45, signifies one who does good from his own natural disposition alone.

Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

A bed of ivory (Amos 6:4) are doctrines apparently from rational truths.

It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

a day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

'Wound,' as in Exodus 21:25, signifies a hurt done to the affection of love. 'To wound' signifies injuring the mind and spiritual life by falsities.

'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

'To send' signifies revealing.

When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

The act of 'stoning' means condemnation and a curse, because of the destruction of truth in the church.

Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

The act of 'stoning' means condemnation and a curse, because of the destruction of truth in the church.

To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

In general, digging in the Bible means applying your own mind, your own faculties to find or create spiritual things. This is reflected in common...

The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

'A pit,' as in Genesis 41:14, signifies a state of temptation.

Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

'Money' relates to truth.

Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.