Exodus 18

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English: Kempton Translation         

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1 And Jethro, priest of Midian, the father-in-law of Moses, heard all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel His people, for Jehovah had brought·​·out Israel from Egypt.

2 And Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, took Zipporah, the wife of Moses, after her being·​·sent away;

3 and her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom*; for he said, I have been a sojourner in a foreign land;

4 and the name of the one was Eliezer; Because the God of my father was my help, and rescued me from the sword of Pharaoh.

5 And Jethro the father-in-law of Moses came, and his sons, and his wife, to Moses, to the wilderness where he was encamped at the mount of God.

6 And he said to Moses, I thy father-in-law Jethro am come to thee, and thy wife, with her two sons with her.

7 And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed· himself ·down, and kissed him; and they asked, a man to his companion, as to peace; and they came into the tent.

8 And Moses recounted to his father-in-law all that Jehovah had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for the cause of Israel, all the weariness that found them in the way, and Jehovah rescued them.

9 And Jethro rejoiced over all the good that Jehovah had done to Israel, who rescued them out of the hand of the Egyptians.

10 And Jethro said, Blessed be Jehovah, who has rescued you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh; who rescued His people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

11 Now I know that Jehovah is greater than all the gods; in the thing in which they have been presumptuous over them.

12 And Jethro Moses’ father-in-law took a burnt·​·offering and sacrifices for God; and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses’ father-in-law before God.

13 And it was, on the morrow, and Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood over Moses from the morning until the evening.

14 And the father-in-law of Moses saw all that he did for the people, and he said, What is this word that thou doest for the people? Wherefore sittest thou by·​·thyself, and all the people standing·​·over thee from morning until evening?

15 And Moses said to his father-in-law, Because the people come to me to inquire of God;

16 when they have a word, it comes to me; and I judge between a man and his companion, and I make·​·known the statutes of God, and His laws.

17 And Moses’ father-in-law said to him, The word that thou doest is not good.

18 Fading thou wilt fade away, both thou, and this people who is with thee; for the word is too heavy for thee; thou art· not ·able to do it alone.

19 Now hear my voice, I will counsel thee, and God shall be with thee: be thou for the people next·​·to God, and bring thou the words to God:

20 and warn them of the statutes and the laws, and make known to them the way in which they must walk, and the deed that they must do.

21 And thou shalt behold from all the people men of force, fearing God, men of truth, hating gain; and thou shalt set of them for princes of thousands, princes of hundreds, princes of fifties, and princes of tens;

22 and let them judge the people in every time; and it shall be that they shall bring every great word to thee, and every small word they shall judge; and the work shall lighten from upon thee, and they shall bear with thee.

23 If thou do this word, and God have commanded thee, then thou shalt be·​·able to stand, and also all this people shall come upon its place in peace.

24 And Moses hearkened to the voice of his father-in-law, and did all that he had said.

25 And Moses chose men of force from all Israel, and put them as heads over the people: princes of thousands, princes of hundreds, princes of fifties, and princes of tens.

26 And they shall judge the people in every time, the hard word they shall bring to Moses, and every small word they shall judge.

27 And Moses let his father-in-law go, and he went to himself to his own land.

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Numbers 10:30, 11:14, 17, 15:33, 34, 27:2, 33:4

Deuteronomy 1:9, 13, 15, 17, 5:27, 16:18, 17:9

Judges 1:1, 16

1 Samuel 17:18, 22

2 Samuel 11:7, 18:1

1 Chronicles 23:15, 29:22

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Ezra 7:25

Nehemiah 2, 9:10

Psalms 78:53, 95:3, 97:9, 106:8

Isaiah 44:22, 23

Luke 1:68

Acts of the Apostles 7:29

Titus 1:5

Vysvětlení slova/fráze

midian
'Simran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Jishbak, and Shuah,' as in Genesis 25:2, represent the general divisions of the Lord’s spiritual kingdom, in the heavens and in...

heard
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Zipporah
Zipporah, Moses's first wife, signifies different things in the three places that she appears. The relationships of Zipporah, her father Jethro (also known as Reuel)...

Wife of Moses
The wife of Moses, as in Exodus 4, in the internal and in the highest sense, represents good conjoined to truth.

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

Gershom
Gershom, as in Exodus 18:3, denotes the quality of the good of truth among those who are without the church.

sojourner
'A sojourner' or 'stranger,' as in Matthew 25:32, signifies someone who is willing to be instructed.

foreign
A foreigner, as in Exodus 12:45, signifies one who does good from his own natural disposition alone.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

eliezer
Eliezer (Exod. 18:4) signifies the quality of the good of truths among those who are within the church.

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

encamped
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

mount
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

meet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

bowed
To bow in prayer is common in most religious practices, so it's not surprising that “to bow” in the Bible represents humility and worship in...

kissed
To kiss' signifies uniting or conjunction from affection. To kiss,' as in c, signifies initiation. 'To kiss' signifies conjunction and acknowledgment.

tent
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

blessed
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

egyptians
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

greater
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

Jethro
'Hobab,' or 'Jethro' denotes good of the church.

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Elders of Israel
The elders of Israel (Deut. 1:13, 15) represent celestial men.

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

bread
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

the father-in-law of Moses
Jethro,' the father-in-law of Moses, in Exodus 18:1, represents divine good, from which proceeds ordering. Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses,' signifies the good of the...

father-in-law of Moses
'Raguel, the father-in-law of Moses' signifies the good of the church among people who are in simple good.

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

evening
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

statutes
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

laws
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

way
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

truth
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

hating
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

force
Forces denote the power of truth.

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

heads
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

princes
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

thousands
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundreds
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

fifties
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

tens
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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