Exodus 17

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1 And all the congregation of the sons of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys according to the mouth of Jehovah, and they encamped in Rephidim; and there was no water for the people to drink.

2 And the people strove with Moses, and they said, Give ye water to us and we will drink. And Moses said to them, why strive you with me? why do you tempt Jehovah?

3 And the people thirsted there for waters, and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Why is this, that thou hast made us come·​·up out·​·of Egypt, to put· me ·to·​·death, and my sons, and my livestock, with thirst?

4 And Moses cried to Jehovah, saying, What shall I do for this people? A·​·little more and they will stone me.

5 And Jehovah said to Moses, Pass·​·on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, with which thou smotest the river, take in thy hand, and go.

6 Behold, I stand before thee there on the rock in Horeb*; and thou shalt smite the rock, and waters shall come·​·out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so before the eyes of the elders of Israel.

7 And he called the name of the place Massah* and Meribah*, on·​·account·​·of the strife of the sons of Israel, and on·​·account·​·of their tempting Jehovah, saying, Is Jehovah in the midst of us, or not?

8 And Amalek came, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

9 And Moses said to Joshua, Choose for us men, and go·​·out, fight against Amalek; tomorrow I will stand·​·up on the head of the hill, and the rod of God will be in my hand.

10 And Joshua did as Moses had said to him, in fighting against Amalek; and Moses, Aaron and Hur went·​·up to the head of the hill.

11 And it was, when Moses lifted·​·high his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he rested his hand, that Amalek prevailed.

12 And the hands of Moses were heavy, and they took a stone, and set it under him, and he sat upon it; and Aaron and Hur upheld his hands, one on this side, and one on that; and his hands were steady* even·​·until the setting* of the sun.

13 And Joshua overcame* Amalek and his people with the mouth of the sword.

14 And Jehovah said to Moses, Write this for a memorial in the book, and set it in the ears of Joshua, that wiping I will wipe·​·out the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens.

15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi*.

16 And he said, Because there is a hand against the throne of Jah, the war of Jehovah is against Amalek from generation to generation.


Exploring the Meaning of Exodus 17      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Arcana Coelestia 8554. In the preceding chapter, in the internal sense, the third temptation was treated of - that there was a lack of good. This having been given them, in the internal sense in this chapter the fourth temptation is treated of - that there was a lack of truth. This temptation is signified by "the murmuring of the sons of Israel because they had no water;" and therefore the truth of faith was given them by the Lord, which is signified by "the water out of the rock of Horeb."

Arcana Coelestia 8555. Then follows the combat of the falsity that is from evil against the truth and good of faith, which combat is represented by the fighting of Amalek against Israel. That they who are in the truth and good of faith conquer when they look upward to the Lord, and that they yield when they look downward, is represented by the sons of Israel conquering so long as Moses kept his hands raised, and by their yielding when he let them down.

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Exploring the Meaning of Exodus 17      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Arcana Coelestia 8554. In the preceding chapter, in the internal sense, the third temptation was treated of - that there was a lack of good. This having been given them, in the internal sense in this chapter the fourth temptation is treated of - that there was a lack of truth. This temptation is signified by "the murmuring of the sons of Israel because they had no water;" and therefore the truth of faith was given them by the Lord, which is signified by "the water out of the rock of Horeb."

Arcana Coelestia 8555. Then follows the combat of the falsity that is from evil against the truth and good of faith, which combat is represented by the fighting of Amalek against Israel. That they who are in the truth and good of faith conquer when they look upward to the Lord, and that they yield when they look downward, is represented by the sons of Israel conquering so long as Moses kept his hands raised, and by their yielding when he let them down.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8554, 8555, 8556, 8557, 8558, 8559, 8560, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 340, 878, 1679, 2702, 2724, 4876, 4936, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 485


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 411, 518, 727, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 2

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Deuteronomy 6:16, 8:15, 9:22, 25:17, 18, 19, 33:8

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1 Samuel 14:48, 15:2, 30:6

1 Chronicles 2:19, 4:42, 43

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Psalms 44:6, 74:15, 78:15, 18, 81:8, 95:8, 99:6, 105:41, 106:32, 107:5, 114:8

Isaiah 48:21

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John 8:59

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1 Corinthians 10:4

Hebrews 3:8, 6:13

Významy biblických slov

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

journeyed
'To journey' signifies the institutes and order of life.

wilderness
'The wilderness of Sin,' as in Exodus 16, signifies the good from truth in a state of temptation.

Wilderness of Sin
'The wilderness of Sin,' as in Exodus 16, signifies the good from truth in a state of temptation.

journeys
'To journey' signifies the institutes and order of life.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

encamped
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Rephidim
'Rephidim,' as in Exodus 17:1, signify the quality of temptations to truth.

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

drink
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

thirsted
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

thirst
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

murmured
'To murmur' denotes complaint and pain from the bitterness of temptation.

egypt
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

livestock
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Elders of Israel
The elders of Israel (Deut. 1:13, 15) represent celestial men.

elders
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

stand
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

rock
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

smite
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

called
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

meribah
'Meribah' signifies things pertaining to the spiritual church.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

tomorrow
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, at different stages of the story. During the first part of the exodus, when he...

Hur
'Hur' signifies the truth of doctrine.

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

faithful
“Faithfulness” in the Bible, has an internal meaning that is pretty close to the modern idea. People who are described as “faithful” embrace the desires...

coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

write
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

memorial
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

book
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

remembrance
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

heavens
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

built
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

Jehovah-nissi
'Jehovah Nissi' means continual war and protection of the Lord. 'Nissi' means my flag, or my standard, in the Hebrew.

Nissi
'Jehovah Nissi' means continual war and protection of the Lord. 'Nissi' means my flag, or my standard, in the Hebrew.

Jah
'Jah' in Psalm 112:4, signifies the Lord as to divine truth. 'The tribes of Jah' signify truths from good. The song of Jah' signifies the...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

generation
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

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 At Rephidim
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Holding Up the Hands of Moses
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Leads the Battle, Aaron and Hur
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Look to the Higher Power
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Moses’ Hands Held Up
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Moses Striking the Rock
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Lord Gives Water (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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