Deuteronomy 31

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1 And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

2 And he said to them, A son of a hundred and twenty years am I today; I am· not ·able any·​·more to go·​·out and to come·​·in; and Jehovah has said to me, Thou shalt not cross·​·over this Jordan.

3 Jehovah thy God, He will cross·​·over before thee, and He will blot·​·out these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them. Joshua, he shall cross·​·over before thee, as Jehovah has spoken.

4 And Jehovah shall do to them as He did to Sihon and to Og, the kings of the Amorites, and to the land of them, whom He blotted·​·out.

5 And Jehovah shall put them before your face, that you may do to them according·​·to all the commandments which I have commanded you.

6 Be firm and have·​·courage, fear not, nor be terrified of their faces; for Jehovah thy God, He is walking with thee; He will not let·​·go of thee, nor forsake thee.

7 And Moses called to Joshua, and said to him in the eyes of all Israel, Be firm and have·​·courage; for thou shalt go·​·in with this people to the land which Jehovah has promised to their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it.

8 And Jehovah, He is walking before thee; He will be with thee, He will not let·​·go of thee, neither forsake thee; fear not, neither be·​·dismayed.

9 And Moses wrote this law, and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who bore the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, and to all the elders of Israel.

10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the festival of shelters*,

11 when all Israel is come to be seen before Jehovah thy God in the place which He shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their ears.

12 Assemble the people, men, and women, and children, and thy sojourner that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear Jehovah your God, and observe to do all the words of this law;

13 and that their sons, who have· not ·known, may hear, and learn to fear Jehovah your God, all the days that you live on the ground whither you cross·​·over the Jordan to possess it.

14 And Jehovah said to Moses, Behold, thy days to die are·​·near; call Joshua, and stand·​·forth in the Tabernacle of the congregation, that I may command him. And Moses and Joshua went, and stood·​·forth in the Tabernacle of the congregation.

15 And Jehovah was seen in the Tabernacle in a pillar of cloud; and the pillar of the cloud stood over the entrance of the Tabernacle.

16 And Jehovah said to Moses, Behold, thou shalt lie·​·down with thy fathers; and this people will rise·​·up and commit·​·harlotry after the gods of the foreigners of the land, whither they come in among them, and will forsake Me, and make· My covenant ·of·​·none·​·effect which I have cut with them.

17 And My anger shall be·​·fierce against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide My face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and adversities shall find them; and he will say in that day, Have not these evils found me, because my God is not with me?

18 And hiding I will hide My face in that day for all the evils which they shall have done, in that they are turned to other gods.

19 And now write ye this song for yourselves, and teach it to the sons of Israel; set it in their mouths, so·​·that this song may be for Me for a witness among the sons of Israel.

20 For when I shall have brought him* to the ground which I promised to his fathers, that flows with milk and honey; and he shall eat and be·​·satisfied, and become·​·fat; and he will turn to other gods, and serve them, and disdain Me, and make· My covenant ·of·​·none·​·effect.

21 And it shall be, when many evils and adversities have found him, that this song shall answer before him for a witness; for it shall not be forgotten from the mouth of his seed; for I know what he has formed in his thoughts, which he is doing today, before I have brought him to the land which I promised.

22 And Moses wrote this song in that day, and taught it to the sons of Israel.

23 And He gave Joshua the son of Nun a command, and said, Be firm and have·​·courage; for thou shalt bring the sons of Israel into the land which I promised to them: and I will be with thee.

24 And it was, when Moses had completed writing the words of this law on a book, until they were finished,

25 that Moses commanded the Levites, which bore the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, saying,

26 Take this book of the law, and put it at the side of the ark of the covenant of Jehovah your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.

27 For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck; behold, while I am yet living with you today, you have rebelled against Jehovah; and how much more* after my death?

28 Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call· the heavens and the earth ·to·​·testify against them.

29 For I know that after my death corrupting you will corrupt yourselves, and turn·​·aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the later days; for you will do evil in the eyes of Jehovah, to provoke Him by the deed of your hands.

30 And Moses spoke in the ears of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song, until they were finished.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 31      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-8. The guidance of the soul must now be undertaken by the principle of Truth combating against the interior evils of the soul.

Verses 9-13. The law delivered to the faculties receptive of good in the soul, and all things in the soul attentive to it when a state of good prevails.

Verses 14-15. The change of state in which an active warfare against evil takes the place of the implantation of truth.

Verses 16-30. Before the soul ceases to be led by truth the testimony of the Word as to the fundamental principles of salvation is deeply impressed on the interiors of the soul to testify against it when it strays into evil, which it is prone to do, from its hereditary evil tendencies when the visible guidance of truth is withdrawn.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 586, 4317, 4815, 5585, 6723, 6752, 6804, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 417, 474, 527, 939

Doctrine of the Lord 9

True Christian Religion 288, 506


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 412, 608, 619, 696, 700

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 26:24, 28:15, 47:29

Exodus 7:7, 24:4, 32:1, 7, 9, 33:9, 11, 34:15

Leviticus 23:34

Numbers 13:9, 20, 21:24, 35, 27:13, 18, 19, 21

Deuteronomy 1:1, 8, 21, 29, 30, 37, 38, 4:10, 26, 6:3, 7:1, 2, 21, 9:6, 7, 10:8, 12:5, 11, 14, 15:1, 9, 17:18, 20:1, 29:9, 30:18, 19, 31:1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, ...

Joshua 1:5, 6, 9, 3:3, 8:33, 34, 11:15, 24:12, 27

Judges 2:12, 17, 6:13

1 Samuel 12:15, 22

2 Samuel 10:12, 22:1

1 Kings 2:2, 6:13, 8:3, 57

2 Kings 18:12, 20:1, 22:8, 23:1, 2

1 Chronicles 22:13, 28:20

2 Chronicles 21:10, 11

Nehemiah 8:1, 2, 3, 9:29

Psalms 44:10, 78:5, 8, 17, 94:14, 139:2

Isaiah 2:6, 5:25, 30:9, 48:8

Jeremiah 1:8, 5:23, 8:19, 31:32, 33:5

Ezekiel 20:21, 39:23, 24

Hosea 1:2, 6:7

Micah 3:4

John 2:24, 5:45

1 Corinthians 16:13

Hebrews 4:8, 13:5

Významy biblických slov

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Og
'Og, king of Bashan' signifies being in evils of every kind.

the kings of
The kings of Media and Persia' represent people who are in faith separate from charity.

kings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

commandments
In Deuteronomy 11:1, 'statutes' signify the external parts of the Word, such as rituals, and representations of the internal sense. 'Judgments' signify the internal parts...

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

Fear not
Fear not, as in Revelation 1:17; Daniel 10:5, 12; Matthew 17:5, 7; 28:10, etc., signifies resuscitation to life, and at the same time adoration from...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Sons of Levi
'The sons of Levi,' as in Deuteronomy 21:5, signify the affection of good and truth, which is charity.

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

Elders of Israel
The elders of Israel (Deut. 1:13, 15) represent celestial men.

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tabernacles
'Huts,' as mentioned in Genesis 33:17, signify the holy principle of truth, common, general, or exterior.

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

sojourner
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

gates
In Lamentations 2:8-9, 'wall,' 'rampart,' 'gates,' and 'bars' signify doctrines.

observe
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

fear
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

congregation
A company, congregation, and a multitude, in the Word, are predicated of truths.

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

pillar
A pillar of a cloud by day,' and 'a pillar of fire by night,' as in Exodus 8:21, signifies a state of illustration which is...

cloud
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

entrance
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

rise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

anger
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

devoured
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hide
'To hide themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:15, signifies being in evils and in falsities...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

write
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

mouths
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

milk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

honey
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

satisfied
'What satisfies' is what nourishes the soul.

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

forgotten
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

wrote
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

joshua
Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

writing
If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

bore
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

book
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

witness
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

rebellion
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

living
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

rebelled
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

heavens
"Heaven" and "heavens" are used many times in the Bible, with a couple of variations of meaning. Sometimes it is relatively literal, including times when...

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

turn
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

assembly
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

song
'The sound of musical instruments' corresponds to affections of spiritual and celestial love.


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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