Deuteronomy 3

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And we turned, and went·​·up the way to Bashan; and Og the king of Bashan went·​·out to meet us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.

2 And Jehovah said to me, Fear him not; for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst to Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.

3 And Jehovah our God gave into our hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people; and we smote him until there was not left to him any surviving.

4 And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

5 All these cities were fortified with tall walls, doors and bars; apart from very many cities of the countryside.

6 And we doomed them, as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, dooming every city of the mortals, the women, and the infant*.

7 But all the beasts, and the spoil of the cities, we plundered for ourselves.

8 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was across Jordan, from the brook of Arnon to Mount Hermon

9 (which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion and the Amorites call it Shenir),

10 all the cities of the plateau, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, even·​·to Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

11 For only Og king of Bashan was·​·left of the remnant of the Rephaim; behold, his couch was a couch of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the sons of Ammon? nine cubits was its length, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

12 And this land, which we possessed at that time, from Aroer, which is on the brook Arnon, and half Mount Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I to the Reubenites and to the Gadites.

13 And the remaining part of Gilead, and all of Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to the half tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, with all of Bashan, that was called the land of the Rephaim.

14 Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob to the borders of the Geshurite and the Maachathite; and called them according·​·to his name, Bashan of Havoth-jair, even·​·to this day.

15 And I gave Gilead to Machir.

16 And to the Reubenite and to the Gadite I gave from Gilead even to the brook Arnon, to the midst of the brook, and the border is even to the brook Jabbok, which is the border of the sons of Ammon;

17 and the desert, and the Jordan, and the border from Chinnereth, and even·​·to the sea of the desert, the salt sea, under the watercourses of Pisgah towards the sunrise.

18 And I commanded you at that time, saying, Jehovah your God has given to you this land to possess it; you shall cross·​·over armed before your brothers the sons of Israel, all that are sons of valor.

19 Only your women, and your infants, and your livestock (for I know that you have much livestock), they shall dwell in your cities which I have given to you;

20 until Jehovah has given rest to your brothers, as He gave to you, and until they also possess the land which Jehovah your God has given them across Jordan; and then you shall return each·​·man to his possession, which I have given you.

21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, Thine eyes have seen all that Jehovah your God has done to these two kings; so shall Jehovah do to all the kingdoms whither thou passest.

22 You shall not fear them; for Jehovah your God He shall fight for you.

23 And I asked· Jehovah ·for·​·grace at that time, saying,

24 O Lord Jehovih*, Thou hast begun to show Thy servant Thy greatness, and Thy firm hand; for what God is there in the heavens and in the earth, who does according·​·to Thy deeds, and according·​·to Thy might?

25 I pray thee, let me cross·​·over, and see the good land that is across Jordan, that good mountain, and Lebanon.

26 But Jehovah was·​·wroth against me for the sake of you, and would not hearken to me; and Jehovah said to me, It is much for thee; speak not any·​·more again to Me of this matter.

27 Go·​·up to the head of Pisgah, and lift thine eyes toward the sea, and toward the north, and toward the south, and toward the sunrise, and see with thine eyes; for thou shalt not cross·​·over this Jordan.

28 But command Joshua, and confirm him, and encourage him; for he shall cross·​·over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.

29 And we dwelt in the ravine next·​·to Beth-peor.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 3      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-17. The subjugation of the love of the world in the external mind.

Verses 18-20. The principles acquired in the regeneration of the external mind must assist in the perfecting of the internal domain of motives and thoughts.

Verses 21-29. After the conquest of evil in externals the soul desires at once to attain heavenly happiness; but this is not yet possible.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1770, 3474

Spiritual Experiences 2061

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 4117, 4270, 5897

Apocalypse Revealed 352

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 163, 434, 435, 440

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Významy biblických slov

Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

and bars
In Lamentations 2:8-9, 'wall,' 'rampart,' 'gates,' and 'bars' signify doctrines.

In Lamentations 2:8-9, 'wall,' 'rampart,' 'gates,' and 'bars' signify doctrines.

'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

'Spoil of gold, and silver, and cattle' signifies falsified truths.

'The dew of Hermon' signifies divine truth.

'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

'Og, king of Bashan' signifies being in evils of every kind.

king of Bashan
'Og, king of Bashan' signifies being in evils of every kind.

'An iron pan,' as in Ezekiel 4:3, signifies the truth that was falsified and adulterated among the Jewish people.


sons of
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

'Nine' signifies conjunction.

'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Mount Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

The fearful signify people who have no faith.

When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

'Inhabit' refers to good.

Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.