Deuteronomy 25

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1 When there be strife between men, and they present themselves to the judgment, and they judge them; then they shall justify the just, and judge as wicked the wicked.

2 And it shall be, if the wicked man be worthy* to be smitten, then the judge shall cause him to fall down, and cause him to be smitten before him, as is enough for his wickedness, by a certain number.

3 With forty he may smite him, he shall not add; lest he should add to smite him above these, with many blows, and thy brother would be·​·vile to thine eyes.

4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox in his threshing.

5 If brothers dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead man shall not marry a stranger outside for a husband; her husband’s·​·brother shall come·​·in to her, and take her to him for a wife, and perform the duty of her husband’s·​·brother.

6 And it shall be, that the firstborn to whom she gives·​·birth shall be secured in the name of his brother who is dead, that his name shall not be wiped·​·off from Israel.

7 And if the man delight not to take his brother’s·​·wife, then his brother’s·​·wife shall go·​·up to the gate to the elders, and say, My husband’s·​·brother refuses to secure for his brother a name in Israel, he is· not ·willing to perform the duty of my husband’s·​·brother.

8 And the elders of his city shall call him, and speak to him; and if he stand, and say, I delight not to take her;

9 then shall his brother’s·​·wife approach him in the eyes of the elders, and set·​·free his shoe from on his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done to the man who will not build the house of his brother.

10 And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that has his shoe set·​·free.

11 When men quarrel together, a man and his brother, and the wife of the one come·​·near to rescue her man from the hand of him who smites him, and put·​·forth her hand, and hold· him ·firmly by what is shameful;

12 then thou shalt clip·​·off her hand, thine eye shall not spare.

13 Thou shalt not have in thy pouch two different stones*, a great and a small.

14 There shalt not be for thee in thy house an ephah and an ephah, a great and a small.

15 A whole and just stone shall be for thee, a whole and just ephah shall be for thee, so·​·that thy days may be prolonged on the ground which Jehovah thy God gives to thee.

16 For all that do such things, and all that do a perversity, are an abomination to Jehovah thy God.

17 Remember what Amalek did to thee in the way, when you went·​·out from Egypt;

18 that he happened upon thee in the way, and smote the hindmost* in thee, all the feeble after thee; and thou wast faint and toiling, and he was not fearful of God.

19 And it shall be, when Jehovah thy God has given thee rest from all thine enemies all around, in the land which Jehovah thy God gives thee for an inheritance to possess her, that thou shalt wipe·​·away the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens; thou shalt not forget.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 25      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. The perception of right to be rigidly followed in choosing the right and rejecting the evil path, and erring faculties in the soul will be abased, but not more than is necessary for amendment.

Verse 4. External goods are themselves recruited by ministering to others which are more interior.

Verses 5-10. The good formerly done from external motives to be adopted and refined by spiritual motives, and that which exists only in thought, and persistently refuses to flow forth into act, to be rejected as useless.

Verses 11-12. The inclinations of the proprium are not to be allowed to avert the decisions of the spiritual mind in deciding between good and evil, and truth and falsity.

Verses 13-16, The principles and rules of right and wrong must not be altered as worldly ends dictate, but what is believed to be right must be followed, or the heavenly life will be rejected.

Verses 17-19. The evil which those principles which compromise with evil bring upon the soul must be ever borne in mind, and as the soul obtains rest from its enemies such principles must be utterly destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 488, 1679, 1748, 4818, 4835, 4839, 8593, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 304, 373, 629, 633, 746

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 38:8, 9

Exodus 17:8, 14

Leviticus 19:35, 36

Numbers 12:14

Deuteronomy 3:18, 4:40, 13:9, 16:18, 17:9, 21:23

Ruth 4:2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11

Proverbs 11:1, 17:15, 20:10

Isaiah 5:20

Lamentations 3:35, 36

Amos 8:5

Micah 6:10

Matthew 22:24

Mark 12:19

Luke 47, 48

Acts of the Apostles 5:40

Romans 3:18

1 Corinthians 9:9

2 Corinthians 11:24

1 Timothy 5:18

Významy biblických slov

judgment
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

justify
'To justify,' as in Isaiah 5:3, 11, signifies saving by means of divine good.

Wicked
'The wicked' or 'unrighteous' denotes being not in truth of faith.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

smitten
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Enough
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

wickedness
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

forty
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

smite
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

threshing
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

child
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

dead
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

husband
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

foot
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

build
There are really two meanings for "build" in the Bible. When something is being built for the first time, or built in the most typical...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

shoe
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

stones
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

just
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

ephah
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

prolonged
'To be prolonged' relates to good.

ground
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

way
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

smote
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

heavens
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

forget
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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