Deuteronomy 24

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1 When a man has taken a wife, and married her, and it be that she find not grace in his eyes, for he has found a matter of nakedness in her; then let him write her a letter of divorce*, and give it into her hand, and send· her ·out from his house.

2 And she goes·​·out from his house, and she may go and be for another man.

3 And if the latter man hate her, and write her a letter of divorce, and gives it into her hand, and sends· her ·out from his house; or if the latter man die, who took her to himself for a wife;

4 her former husband, who sent· her ·out, may not take her again* to be to him for a wife, after she is defiled; for it is an abomination before Jehovah; and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which Jehovah thy God gives thee as an inheritance.

5 When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any matter; but he shall be free at his house one year, and shall gladden his wife which he has taken.

6 He shall not take·​·as·​·a·​·pledge the lower millstone or the upper·​·millstone; for he takes·​·as·​·a·​·pledge the soul.

7 If a man be·​·found stealing the soul of his brothers of the sons of Israel, and makes·​·money off him, or sells him; then that thief shall·​·die; and thou shalt sweep·​·away evil from among you.

8 Take·​·heed in the plague of leprosy, to observe closely*, and do according·​·to all that the priests the Levites shall instruct you; as I commanded them, so you shall observe to do.

9 Remember what Jehovah thy God did to Miriam by the way, after that you were come forth out of Egypt.

10 When thou dost loan with thy companion a loan of anything, thou shalt not come into his house to get·​·the·​·pledge, his pledge.

11 Thou shalt stand in the street, and the man to whom thou didst loan shall bring·​·out the pledge to thee to the street.

12 And if the man be afflicted, thou shalt not lie·​·down with his pledge;

13 returning thou shalt return the pledge to him when the sun sets*, and he shall lie·​·down in his own raiment, and bless thee; and it shall be justice to thee before Jehovah thy God.

14 Thou shalt not oppress a hireling that is afflicted and needy, from thy brothers, or from thy sojourners who are in thy land within thy gates;

15 at his day thou shalt give him his wage, neither shall the sun set* upon it; for he is afflicted, and bears his soul upon it; lest he call against thee to Jehovah, and it be sin to thee.

16 The fathers shall not be put·​·to·​·death for the sons, neither shall the sons be put·​·to·​·death for the fathers; every man shall be put·​·to·​·death for his own sin.

17 Thou shalt not distort the judgment of the sojourner and* of the orphan; and thou shalt not take·​·as·​·a·​·pledge the garment of a widow;

18 but thou shalt remember that thou wast a servant in Egypt, and Jehovah thy God redeemed thee thence; therefore I am commanding thee to do this word.

19 When thou harvestest thy harvest in thy field, and hast forgotten a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not return to take it; it shall be for the sojourner, for the orphan, and for the widow: that Jehovah thy God may bless thee in all the deeds of thy hands.

20 When thou beatest thine olive·​·tree, thou shalt not glean afterwards; it shall be for the sojourner, for the orphan, and for the widow.

21 When thou gatherest·​·the·​·vintage of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterwards; it shall be for the sojourner, for the orphan, and for the widow.

22 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt; therefore I command thee to do this word.

  
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Explanation of Deuteronomy 24      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. When the things loved do not accord with the things believed to be right in the soul, it is in a state analogous to divorce, and the things so loved by the external man and believed to be wrong must not be conjoined to the interior will.

Verse 5. When the understanding of truths is conjoined to its corresponding affection, a state of peace ensues.

Verse 6. No one is to be deprived of the truths of doctrine they live by.

Verse 7. Anything that perverts spiritual goods and truths to worldly uses is to be destroyed.

Verses 8-9. Caution against the danger of profanation.

Verses 10-13. In imparting truths the endeavour should be made to enable others to see from themselves, and not to force upon them one's own view.

Verses 14-15. Those who do good from inferior motives are not to be deprived of them.

Verse 16. Evil does not condemn till it is made a man's own by consent of the will and of the understanding.

Verses 17-18. External things are not to be despised, for the whole soul was in externals till redeemed thence by the Lord.

Verses 19-22. The soul must not return from states of good to the states of truth by which the former were gained, and which are for those still striving to reach them; a state of truth is one of bondage compared to a state of good.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 213, 1093, 2788, 2959, 3693, 3703, 4335, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 794

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 51

True Christian Religion 226, 521


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 238, 328, 532, 695, 746, 750, 919, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 21:16, 22:20, 21, 25, 26

Leviticus 13:2, 13, 14:14, 19:9, 10, 13

Numbers 12:10

Deuteronomy 4:21, 5:15, 6:25, 13:6, 14:29, 15:9, 17:7, 20:7, 16, 27:19

1 Samuel 22:16

2 Kings 14:6

2 Chronicles 25:4

Job 22:6, 24:3, 7, 9, 10, 29:13

Isaiah 50:1

Jeremiah 3:1, 8, 22:3, 31:29, 30

Ezekiel 18:4

Malachi 3:5

Matthew 1:19, 5:31, 20:8

Mark 10:4

Ephesians 4:26

1 Timothy 1:10

James 5:4

Významy biblických slov

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

find
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

found
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

nakedness
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

write
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

send
'To send' signifies revealing.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

back
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Go out
To go out to meet, as in Genesis 14:17, signifies to submit themselves. To go out, as in Genesis 28:10, signifies to live more remotely....

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

stealing
In a natural sense, the commandment 'Thou shalt not steal,' in Exodus 20:15, means, according to the letter, not stealing, robbing, or committing piracy in...

brothers
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

leprosy
'Leprosy' represents unclean false principles grounded in profane things. 'Leprosy' signifies the falsification of truth and good in the Word, also the Jewish profanation of...

observe
'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

Miriam
'Miriam,' as in Exodus 15:20, signifies the good of faith.

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

stand
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

return
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

raiment
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

justice
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

hireling
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

needy
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

sojourners
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

gates
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

bears
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

sojourner
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

orphan
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

harvest
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

field
A "field" in the Bible usually represents the Lord's church, and more specifically the desire for good within the church. It's where good things start,...

forgotten
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

sheaf
'Sheaf' signifies doctrine, and so 'to bind sheaves' signifies teaching from doctrine. This is because 'a field' is the church, and 'standing grain in a...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

olive
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

Vineyard
'Vineyard and branch,' as in Psalm 80:15, signifies the spiritual church represented by the sons of Israel.

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

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Worship Talk | Ages over 18

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Marriage is a civil and spiritual covenant. Spiritual laws about divorce and remarriage are not always in agreement with what civil law permits.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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