Deuteronomy 21

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1 If one be found slain on the ground which Jehovah thy God gives to thee to possess it, fallen in the field, and it be not known who smote him,

2 then thine elders and thy judges shall come out, and they shall measure to the cities which are all around him who is·​·slain.

3 And it shall be, that the city near to the slain man, even the elders of that city shall take a heifer of the herd, which has not served, and which has not drawn in the yoke;

4 and the elders of that city shall bring·​·down the heifer to a rough gully, which is neither tilled nor sown, and shall chop·​·the·​·neck of the heifer there in the gully;

5 and the priests the sons of Levi shall approach; for them Jehovah thy God has chosen to minister to Him, and to bless in the name of Jehovah; and by their mouth shall every controversy and every plague be tried;

6 and all the elders of that city, that are near to the slain man, shall bathe their hands over the heifer that has its neck·​·chopped in the gully;

7 and they shall answer and say, Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it.

8 Make·​·atonement, O Jehovah, for Thy people Israel, whom Thou hast redeemed, and put not innocent blood in the midst of Thy people Israel. And the blood shall be atoned for them.

9 And thou shalt sweep·​·away the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do what is upright in the eyes of Jehovah.

10 When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God has delivered them into thy hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

11 and seest among the captives a woman beautiful in form, and delight in her, and thou wouldest take her to thee for a wife;

12 then thou shalt bring her to the midst of thy house; and she shall shave her head, and clip* her nails;

13 and she shall remove the raiment of her captivity from on her, and shall dwell in thy house, and weep for her father and her mother a month of days; and afterwards thou shalt thus go·​·in to her, and be· her ·husband, and she shall be a wife to thee.

14 And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt send· her ·out according to her soul; but selling thou shalt· not ·sell her for silver, thou shalt not make·​·money off her, because thou hast afflicted her.

15 When a man has two wives, one loved, and one hated, and they have given·​·birth to sons for him, both the loved and the hated; and the firstborn son be hers that was hated;

16 then it shall be, in the day he makes his sons to inherit what is his, that he may not make·​·firstborn the son of the loved before the son of the hated, who is the firstborn.

17 For he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn, by giving him two portions* of all that is·​·found for him; for he is the beginning of his vigor; the judgment of the firstborn is his.

18 If a man have a defiant and rebellious son, who will not hearken to the voice of his father, and to the voice of his mother, and they chasten him, and he will not hearken to them;

19 then his father and his mother shall lay·​·hold of him, and bring· him ·out to the elders of his city, and to the gate of his place;

20 and they shall say to the elders of his city, This our son is·​·defiant and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is·​·worthless and inebriated.

21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, and he shall die; and thou shalt sweep·​·away the evil from among thee; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

22 And if there is in a man a sin worthy of the judgment of death, and he be put·​·to·​·death, then thou shalt hang him on a tree;

23 his carcass shall not pass·​·the·​·night upon the tree, for burying thou shalt bury him in that day, for he that is hanged is vile to God, that thy ground be not defiled, which Jehovah thy God gives to thee for an inheritance.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 21      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-9. On the purification of the external man from the guilt of rejecting the Divine Influx when this has been done through ignorance.

Verses 10-14. On the adoption of natural affections by the spiritual man.

Verses 15-17. Things inferior are not to be put before others of more importance in the formation of the character because they are more pleasing to the natural disposition.

Verses 18-21. What stubbornly opposes good and truth in the soul is to be destroyed out of it.

Verses 22-23. Evils once seen and acknowledged to be destroyed there and then, and not suffered to remain in succeeding states.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 3703, 3814, 4503, 5156, 5886, 6344, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 17, 357, 489, 774, 899

True Christian Religion 132, 134


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 28, 208, 329, 340, 444, 555, 577, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 25:31, 29:30, 40:19, 49:3

Exodus 20:12, 21:8, 17

Leviticus 9:22, 17:4, 20:2

Numbers 19:2, 25:4, 35:34

Deuteronomy 3:18, 4:21, 10:8, 12:25, 13:6, 12, 17:7, 8, 9, 19:13, 25:19, 27:16

Joshua 8:29, 10:26, 27

2 Samuel 4:12, 21:9, 10

1 Chronicles 5:2

2 Chronicles 11:21, 22, 19:10, 21:3

Psalms 26:6

Proverbs 19:18, 23:19, 20, 30:17

Jonah 1:14

Matthew 27:24

Mark 15:43

John 19:31

Acts of the Apostles 2:36, 5:30

Galatians 3:13

Významy biblických slov

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

smote
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

judges
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

measure
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

cities
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

heifer
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

herd
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Sons of Levi
'The sons of Levi,' as in Deuteronomy 21:5, signify the affection of good and truth, which is charity.

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

minister
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

slain
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

bathe
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

goest
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Woman
'Virgin' and 'woman,' in the Word, signify the affection of good.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

shave
'To shave the head' was strictly prohibited for the high-priests and his sons because of the holy representation of hair and of the Nazarite.

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

raiment
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

dwell
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

wife
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

send
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

selling
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

sell
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

money
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

birth
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

both
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

loved
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

hated
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

giving
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

beginning
In the Word, "beginning" doesn't just mean the beginning of something in time. In the inner sense, it means the initial phase of a spiritual...

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

gate
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

rebellious
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

voice
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

stones
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

hang
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

carcass
The body (Matt. 6:22), signifies the man (homo). "His body shall not remain all night upon the tree" (Deut. 21:23), signifies lest it should be...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

hanged
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

ground
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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