Deuteronomy 19

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1 When Jehovah thy God has cut·​·off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy God gives thee, and thou possessest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

2 thou shalt distinguish three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which Jehovah thy God gives thee to possess it.

3 Thou shalt prepare for thee the way, and divide·​·in·​·three the borders of thy land, which Jehovah thy God causes thee to inherit, and it shall be for every manslayer to flee thither.

4 And this is the matter of the manslayer, who shall flee thither, that he may live; He who smites his companion without knowing, and he hated him not from yesterday and the day before*;

5 and he who comes into the forest with his companion to hew wood, and his hand wields the axe to cut·​·off the wood, and the iron is shaken·​·off the wood, and finds his companion and he die; he shall flee to one of those cities, and live;

6 lest the redeemer of the blood pursue after the manslayer, for his heart is·​·hot, and overtake him, for the way is multiplied, and smite the soul; whereas he has not the judgment of death, for he hated him not yesterday or the day·​·before.

7 Therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt distinguish three cities for thee.

8 And if Jehovah thy God enlarge thy border, as He has promised to thy fathers, and give to thee all the land of which He spoke to give to thy fathers;

9 if thou shalt keep all these commandments to do them, which I command thee today, to love Jehovah thy God, and to walk in His ways all the days; and thou shalt add three cities more for thee, above these three;

10 and innocent blood be not shed in the midst of thy land, which Jehovah thy God gives thee for an inheritance, and there be bloods* upon thee.

11 But if a man hate his companion, and set·​·an·​·ambush for him, and rise·​·up against him, and smite him in the soul* and he die, and he flees to one of these cities;

12 then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and give him into the hand of the redeemer of blood, that he may·​·die.

13 Thine eye shall not spare him, but thou shalt sweep·​·away innocent blood from Israel, and it shall be·​·good for thee.

14 Thou shalt not take·​·away the border marker of thy companion, which they first set·​·as·​·a·​·border in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that Jehovah thy God gives to thee to possess it.

15 One witness shall not rise·​·up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sin; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the word rise·​·up.

16 If a witness for violence rise·​·up against a man to answer against him to turn·​·aside.

17 and the two men, between whom the strife is, shall stand before Jehovah, before the priests and the judges, who shall be in those days;

18 and the judges shall inquire and do·​·well; and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and has answered falsely against his brother;

19 and you shall do to him, as he had schemed to have done to his brother; and thou shalt sweep·​·away the evil from among thee.

20 And those which are·​·left shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth make no more any thing of evil among you.

21 And thine eye shall not spare; soul for soul, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

  
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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

Apocalypse Revealed 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:5, 6, 15:18

Exodus 21:6, 13, 14, 23, 25, 23:1

Numbers 35:9, 31, 33

Deuteronomy 3:18, 4:21, 41, 42, 5:20, 11:22, 12:29, 13:6, 12, 16:18, 17:6, 21:9, 26:1, 27:17, 24

Joshua 20:1, 24:13

2 Samuel 14:7

1 Kings 2:31

Psalms 27:12

Proverbs 19:5, 22:28, 28:17

Daniel 6:25

Matthew 5:38, 18:16, 26:60, 27:25

Revelation 11:3

Významy biblických slov

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cities
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

borders
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

flee
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

hated
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

forest
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

wood
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

iron
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

redeemer
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

pursue
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Hot
'Hot' signifies being in spiritual love.

Overtake
'To overtake' denotes communication and influx.

smite
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

border
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

fathers
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

commandments
In Deuteronomy 11:1, 'statutes' signify the external parts of the Word, such as rituals, and representations of the internal sense. 'Judgments' signify the internal parts...

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

love
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

bloods
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

rise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

send
In every instance, however, 'being sent' means coming forth, (or going forth), in the internal sense, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

first
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

inherit
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

witness
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

iniquity
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

two witnesses
'The two witnesses,' as in Revelation 11:3-11, are good and truth, that is, good which truth is in, and truth which is from good, each...

witnesses
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

violence
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

judges
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

brother
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

hear
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

fear
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

tooth
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

foot
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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