Deuteronomy 15

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Kempton Translation         

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1 At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release.

2 And this is the word of the release; Every citizen of the loaning of his hand who loans to his companion shall release it; he shall not exact of his companion, or of his brother; for it is called the release to Jehovah.

3 Of the foreigner thou mayest exact; but that which thou hast with thy brother thy hand shall release;

4 To the end that there shall be no needy among you; for, blessing, Jehovah shall bless thee in the land which Jehovah thy God gives thee for an inheritance to possess;

5 only if obeying thou obey the voice of Jehovah thy God, to take·​·heed to do all these commandments which I command thee today.

6 For Jehovah thy God blesses thee, as He spoke to thee; and thou shalt lend·​·for·​·a·​·pledge from many nations, but thou shalt not pledge thyself; and thou shalt rule many nations, but they shall not rule thee.

7 If there be among thee someone needy from one of thy brothers within any one of thy gates in thy land which Jehovah thy God gives thee, thou shalt not make thy heart obstinate, nor shut·​·tightly thy hand from thy needy brother;

8 for opening thou shalt open thy hand to him, and lending·​·for·​·a·​·pledge thou shalt lend·​·for·​·a·​·pledge to him, enough for his want, in that which he has want.

9 Take·​·heed to thyself lest there be a word within thy heart of Belial, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is·​·near; and thine eye be·​·evil against thy needy brother, and thou dost not give him anything; and he call to Jehovah against thee, and it be sin in thee.

10 Giving thou shalt give him, and thy heart shall not be·​·evil when thou givest to him; for because·​·of this thing Jehovah thy God shall bless thee in all thy deeds, and in all that thou puttest·​·forth thy hand.

11 For the needy shall not stop from being among the land; therefore I command thee, saying, Opening thou shalt open thy hand to thy brother, to thine afflicted, and to thy needy, in thy land.

12 And if thy brother, a Hebrew·​·man, or Hebrew·​·woman, be sold to thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt send him free from thee.

13 And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not send· him ·out empty;

14 furnishing thou shalt furnish him out of thy flock, and out of thy threshing·​·floor, and out of thy winepress; of that wherewith Jehovah thy God has blessed thee thou shalt give to him.

15 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and Jehovah thy God redeemed thee; therefore I command thee this word today.

16 And it shall be, when he say to thee, I will not go·​·out from thee, for he loves thee and thy house, for it is good for him with thee,

17 then thou shalt take an awl, and put it through his ear and into the door, and he shall be for thee an eternal servant. And also to thy maidservant thou shalt do so.

18 It shall not be·​·hard in thine eyes, when thou sendest him free from thee; for twice the wage of a hireling he has served thee six years; and Jehovah thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest.

19 All the firstborn that are·​·born in thy herd and in thy flock of the males thou shalt sanctify to Jehovah thy God; thou shalt not do·​·service with the firstborn of thine ox, nor shear the firstborn of thy flock.

20 Thou shalt eat it before Jehovah thy God year by year in the place which Jehovah shall choose, thou and thy house.

21 And if there be any blemish in it, as if it be lame, or blind, or have any bad blemish, thou shalt not sacrifice it to Jehovah thy God.

22 Thou shalt eat it within thy gates; the unclean and the clean together, as the roebuck, and as the stag.

23 Only its blood thou shalt not eat; thou shalt spill it on the earth as water.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 15      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-6. All idea of merit to be relinquished in spiritual things.

Verses 7-11. The spiritual aspirations to be satisfied as far as possible.

Verses 12-18. Inferior goods and uses are not to be despised, but to be endowed from the spiritual mind.

Verses 19-23. All good things to be ascribed to the Lord, and are not to be made use of for evil ends.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 737, 922, 1703, 2360, 2383, 2567, 2959, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 32, 209, 210


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 238, 239, 328, 329, 409, 725, ...

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Exodus 13:2, 12, 21:1, 22:22, 29, 23:11

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Numbers 18:15, 17

Deuteronomy 3:18, 4:21, 5:15, 6:2, 12:5, 6, 11, 14, 15, 16, 22, 24, 14:29, 15:10, 18, 23:21, 24:15, 26:14, 28:12, 31:10

1 Chronicles 17:27

Nehemiah 5:10

Esther 9:19, 22

Psalms 112:9

Proverbs 11:24, 14:21, 19:17

Isaiah 58:10, 11

Jeremiah 34:14

Matthew 5:42, 26:11

Mark 14:7

Luke 6:30

2 Corinthians 8:2, 9:7

1 Timothy 6:18

James 2:15

1 John 3:17

Významy biblických slov

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

companion
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

foreigner
A foreigner, as in Exodus 12:45, signifies one who does good from his own natural disposition alone.

blessing
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

voice
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

commandments
In Deuteronomy 11:1, 'statutes' signify the external parts of the Word, such as rituals, and representations of the internal sense. 'Judgments' signify the internal parts...

blesses
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

lend
'To lend' signifies teaching. 'To lend' signifies communicating the goods and truths of doctrine from the Word.

seventh
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

giving
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

givest
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

needy
In most cases, those described as "needy" in the Bible are those who lack true knowledge of the Lord and his teachings, but have a...

open
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

opening
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

hebrew
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

sold
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

send
'To send' signifies revealing.

floor
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

blessed
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

remember
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

command
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

today
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

loves
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

door
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

eternal
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

maidservant
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

hireling
'Hirelings' in the Israelitish church, as mentioned in Exodus 12:43, 45; Deuteronomy 24:14-15; Malachi 35, and elsewhere represent those who speak truth and do good,...

served
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

firstborn
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

born
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

herd
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

sanctify
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

ox
'The son of a cow' signifies the celestial natural level and natural exterior good.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Lame
The lame' signify people who are in a not genuine good, because they are in ignorance of truth. The lame leaping' signifies joy from perception...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

gates
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

clean
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...

blood
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

earth
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

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Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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