2 Samuel 20

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Kempton Translation         

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1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, and his name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a man of Jemin*; and he sounded on the shophar* and said, We have no part in David, and we have not an inheritance in the son of Jesse; each·​·man to his tent, O Israel.

2 And every man of Israel went·​·up from after David, and went after Sheba the son of Bichri; but the men of Judah stuck to their king, from the Jordan even to Jerusalem.

3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had placed to keep the house, and put them in a house of keeping, and sustained them, but came· not ·in to them. And they were shut·​·in until the day of their death, living in widowhood.

4 And the king said to Amasa, Call·​·up for me the men of Judah in three days, and stand thou here.

5 And Amasa went to call·​·up Judah, but he delayed beyond the appointed·​·time which he had appointed.

6 And David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri be· more ·evil than Absalom; take thou servants of thy lord and pursue after him, lest he find for himself fortified cities and escape our eyes.

7 And there went·​·out after him the men of Joab, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and all the heroes; and they went·​·forth from Jerusalem to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.

8 They were by the great stone which is in Gibeon, and Amasa came before them. And Joab was girded, his robe, his clothing, and upon it a girdle, with a sword fastened upon his loins in its sheath; and he went·​·forth, and it fell out.

9 And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in peace, my brother? and the right hand of Joab seized upon the beard of Amasa, that he might kiss him.

10 And Amasa heeded not the sword that was in Joab’s hand, and he smote him with it to the fifth*, and spilled·​·out his bowels to the earth, and he did not repeat it; and he died. And Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.

11 And a man stood by him of the lads of Joab, and said, Who is he that delights in Joab, and who is he that is for David; let him be after Joab.

12 But Amasa rolled in blood in the midst of the highway. And the man saw that all the people stood still, and he brought· Amasa ·around from the highway to the field, and cast a garment upon him, because he saw that all who came upon him stood still.

13 When he was dragged from the highway, all the men passed·​·on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.

14 And he passed·​·through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and Beth-maacah, and all the Berites; and they were assembled and came also after him.

15 And they came and besieged him in Abelah-beth-maacah; and they spilled·​·out an embankment* to the city, and it stood against the rampart; and all the people who were with Joab damaged the wall to make it fall.

16 And a wise woman called from the city, Hear, Hear! Say, I pray, to Joab, Come·​·near to here, and I will speak to thee.

17 And he came·​·near unto her and the woman said, Art thou Joab? And he said, I am. And she said unto him, Hear the words of thy maidservant. And he said, I do Hear.

18 And she said, saying, Speaking, they spoke in former times, saying, Asking, they shall ask in Abel, and so they finished it.

19 I am of the peaceful and faithful of Israel; thou seekest to·​·put·​·to·​·death a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow·​·up the inheritance of Jehovah?

20 And Joab answered and said, Far·​·be·​·it, far·​·be·​·it from me that· I ·should swallow·​·up or that· I ·should destroy.

21 The word is not so; for a man from Mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri his name, has lifted up his hand against the king, against David. Only give him up, and I will go from over the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be cast to thee over the wall.

22 And the woman came to all the people in her wisdom; and they cut·​·off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it unto Joab. And he sounded with the shophar, and they scattered from the city every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.

23 And Joab was over all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

24 and Adoram was over the tribute; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder:

25 and Sheva was scribe; and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests.

26 And Ira, also, the Jairite, was priest unto David.

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Významy biblických slov

horn
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

jesse
'The root of David' or 'Jesse' signifies the Lord regarding divine good united to divine truth in His humanity.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

keep
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

keeping
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

servants
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

cities
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

girded
To gird one’s self, as in John. 21:18, signifies to know and perceive truths in the light from good.

clothing
'Vestments' signify truth, and in relation to the Lord, divine truth. 'Vesture' signifies truth clothing good, and when describing the Word, it signifies the Word...

loins
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

fell
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Right hand
'The man of the right hand,' as in Psalm 80:17, signifies the Lord with respect to the Word. He is called 'the man of the...

the beard
'Hairs of the head, the beard, and the feet,' as mentioned in Isaiah 7:20, signify the following things: 'Hairs of the head' signify the outermost...

beard
'Hairs of the head, the beard, and the feet,' as mentioned in Isaiah 7:20, signify the following things: 'Hairs of the head' signify the outermost...

kiss
To kiss' signifies uniting or conjunction from affection. To kiss,' as in c, signifies initiation. 'To kiss' signifies conjunction and acknowledgment.

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

smote
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

earth
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

died
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

pursued
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

blood
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

around
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

pursue
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

tribes
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

rampart
A rampart,' as in Lamentations 2:8, signifies doctrinal matters.

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

wise
At its heart, wisdom is love's imperative desire to take form. That's a tricky statement, but think of it this way: If you love someone,...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

maidservant
'Maids' denote external affections serving the internal.

speaking
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

spoke
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

swallow
To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

mount
'Mount Olivet' signifies the celestial church, or celestial good, which comes from love towards the Lord, and divine love.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

wall
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

Woman
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

Wisdom
Throughout the Word, a distinction is made between wisdom, intelligence, and knowledge. 'Wisdom' means from good, 'intelligence' is from truth, and 'knowledge' is in a...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

scattered
The meaning of "scatter" in the Bible is relatively literal, but it is used in regard to spiritual things, not natural ones. So to "scatter"...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

tent
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

returned
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

joab
Joab' denotes people in whom there is no longer any spiritual life, because of the profanation of good and the falsification of truth.

army
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

jehoshaphat
In the Bible, King Jehoshaphat of Judah is mentioned in the first Book of Kings, in Chapters 21 and 22. He comes to the throne...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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