2 Samuel 17

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1 And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night.

2 And I will come upon him, and he will be toiling and his hands slack; and I will frighten him, and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king alone.

3 And I will bring·​·back all the people unto thee; for all shall turn·​·back from the man whom thou seekest; all the people shall be in peace.

4 And the word was·​·upright in the eyes of Absalom and in the eyes of all the elders of Israel.

5 And Absalom said, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear also what is in his mouth.

6 And Hushai came to Absalom, and Absalom said unto him, saying, Ahithophel has spoken according to this word; shall we do after his word? If not, speak thou.

7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel which Ahithophel has counseled is not good at this time.

8 And Hushai said, Thou knowest thy father and his men, that they are mighty, and bitter of soul, as a bear bereaved in the field; and thy father is a man of war, and will not pass·​·the·​·night with the people.

9 Behold he is now hidden·​·away in one of the chasms or in one of the places; and it will be, when some among them fall, in the beginning, when the one hearing hears, that he will say, There is a striking among the people who follow after Absalom.

10 And he also that is a son of valor, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, melting shall melt, for all Israel knows that thy father is a hero, and sons of valor they which are with him.

11 For I counsel that all Israel gathering be gathered unto thee from Dan and even·​·to Beer-sheba, as the sand which is by the sea for multitude, and that thy face shall go into the combat.

12 And we shall come upon him in one of the places where he shall be·​·found, and we fall upon him as the dew falls on the ground; and of him and of all the men that are with him, there shall not remain even one.

13 And if he be gathered to a city, then all Israel shall carry cords to that city, and we shall drag it even·​·to the brook until not even a small·​·rock be found there.

14 And Absalom and every man of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. But Jehovah had commanded to make· the good counsel of Ahithophel ·of·​·none·​·effect, in·​·order that Jehovah might bring the evil to Absalom.

15 And Hushai said unto Zadok and unto Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counseled.

16 And now send in·​·haste and tell David, saying, Lodge not tonight in the deserts of the wilderness, but even crossing, thou shalt cross·​·over; lest the king be swallowed·​·up and all the people who are with him.

17 And Jonathan and Ahimaaz stood by En-rogel, and a handmaid went out and told them; and they went and told king David; for they could not be seen to come into the city.

18 But a lad saw them and told Absalom, and the two of them went in·​·haste and came to the house of a man in Baḥurim, and he had a well in his court, and they went·​·down there.

19 And the woman took and spread a sheltering on the face of the well, and spread out ground corn upon it; and the thing was not known.

20 And the servants of Absalom came to the woman, to the house, and said, Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said to them, they crossed·​·over the passage of the water. And they sought and found them not and returned to Jerusalem.

21 And it was, after they were gone, that they came·​·up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and cross·​·over the water in haste, for thus has Ahithophel counseled against you.

22 And David arose and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan; by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not crossed·​·over Jordan.

23 And Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not done, and he saddled the donkey, and arose and went to his house, to his city, and he gave·​·commands to his house and he hanged* himself and died, and was buried in the grave of his father.

24 And David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom crossed·​·over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.

25 And Absalom set Amasa over the army instead of Joab; and Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Ithra, an Israelite that came·​·in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, the sister of Zeruiah, the mother of Joab.

26 And Israel and Absalom encamped in the land of Gilead.

27 And it was, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash, of Rabbah of the sons of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,

28 presented beds and bowls and vessels of the potter, and wheat and barley, and meal, and parched·​·grain, and beans, and lentils and parched·​·grain,

29 and honey and butter, and flocks and cheese of the herd, for David and for the people that were with him to eat; for they said, The people is hungry, and faint and thirsty in the wilderness.

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Nehemiah 4:5

Job 5:12, 12:17

Psalms 107:5

Proverbs 17:12, 19:21

Hosea 13:8

Matthew 27:5

Významy biblických slov

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

pursue
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

night
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

flee
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

smite
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

call
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

mighty
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

bear
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

hearing
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

hears
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

follow
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

valor
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

lion
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

melt
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

melting
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

knows
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

places
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

dew
Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

falls
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

cords
Rope or cord denotes conjunction.

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

order
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

might
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Elders of Israel
The elders of Israel (Deut. 1:13, 15) represent celestial men.

elders
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

send
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

tonight
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

swallowed
To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

handmaid
'A handmaid' signifies the affection of rational and scientific things. 'A handmaid,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:3, signifies the affirming medium of conjoining inner truths...

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

court
The court of the tabernacle (Exodus 27:9), etc., signifies the external of heaven, or the first, which is also called the ultimate heaven.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

servants
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Woman
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

jonathan
There is little direct teaching about Jonathan in Swedenborg. He is the son of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel: 9-10) and the...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

returned
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

well
A pit,' or 'well which has no water,' as in Jeremiah 2:13, signifies doctrines which have no truths.

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

passed
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

light
In the Word, “light” in the highest sense represents Divine Truth: knowledge, ideas, understanding that come to us from the Lord. In lesser degrees...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

saddled
'To saddle,' as in Genesis 22:3, signifies preparation.

donkey
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

died
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

buried
'Being buried' or 'put into monuments' signifies resurrection and continuation of life.

grave
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

army
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

joab
Joab' denotes people in whom there is no longer any spiritual life, because of the profanation of good and the falsification of truth.

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sister
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

encamped
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

mahanaim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sons of
'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

Ammon
Ammonite and Moabite ('Deuteronomy 23:3'), signify the profanation of the celestial and spiritual things of faith.

machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

beds
A bed of ivory (Amos 6:4) are doctrines apparently from rational truths.

vessels
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

potter
A potter,' as in Zechariah 11:12, 13, signifies reformation and regeneration.

and wheat
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

Wheat
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

barley
'Wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and vetches,' as in Ezekiel 4:9, 12, signify various kinds of good, and their derivative truths. Bread, or a cake,...

Meal
'Meal and farina' signifies the truth of faith, or truth from good.

grain
As the finest of the grains, wheat fittingly represents the finest of spiritual food, what Swedenborg calls "the good of love and charity" – which...

beans
'Wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and vetches,' as in Ezekiel 4:9, 12, signify various kinds of good, and their derivative truths. Bread, or a cake,...

lentils
'Wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and vetches,' as in Ezekiel 4:9, 12, signify various kinds of good, and their derivative truths. Bread, or a cake,...

honey
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

butter
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

flocks
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

herd
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hungry
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

wilderness
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

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 Ahithophel's Counsel
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 Ahithophel's Counsel (abridged)
Activity | Ages 11 - 14


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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