1 Samuel 6

Studovat vnitřní smysl

Kempton Translation         

← 1 Samuel 5   1 Samuel 7 →

1 And the ark of Jehovah was in the field of the Philistines seven months.

2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of Jehovah? Let· us ·know with what we shall send it to its place.

3 And they said, If you send·​·away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty; but returning, return a guilt offering to Him; then you shall be healed and it shall be known to you why His hand is not removed from you.

4 And they said, What is the guilt offering which we shall return to Him? And they said, According to the number of the satraps of the Philistines, five hemorrhoids of gold, and five mice of gold, for one plague was on all of them and on your satraps.

5 And you shall make images of your hemorrhoids and images of the mice that destroy the land; and you shall give glory to the God of Israel: perhaps He will lighten His hand from upon you, and from upon your gods, and from upon your land.

6 And why will you make·​·heavy your heart, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh made·​·heavy their heart? When He had wrought against them, did they not send them away, and they went?

7 And now, take and make one new cart, and two cows giving·​·milk, on which a yoke has not come·​·up, and bind the cows to the cart, and return their young behind them toward the house.

8 And take the ark of Jehovah, and lay it upon the cart; and put the vessels of gold, which you return Him for a guilt offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away and let it go.

9 And see: if it goes·​·up by the way of its border to Beth-shemesh, He has done to us this great evil; but if not, then we shall know that it was not His hand that plagued us; it was for us by chance.

10 And the men did so; and they took two cows giving·​·milk and they bound them to the cart, and their two young they held·​·back at the house.

11 And they set the ark of Jehovah upon the cart, and the coffer, and the mice of gold, and the images of their hemorrhoids.

12 And the cows went·​·straight on the way, the way up to Beth-shemesh, on the one highway they walked, walking and lowing, and they turned· not ·aside, right or left; and the satraps of the Philistines walked after them until the border of Beth-shemesh.

13 And they of Beth-shemesh were harvesting the wheat harvest in the valley; and they lifted·​·up their eyes, and they saw the ark, and they were·​·glad to see it.

14 And the cart came to the field of Joshua, a Beth-shemeshite, and stood there, and a great stone was there. And they split the wood of the cart, and offered·​·up the cows as a burnt·​·offering to Jehovah.

15 And the Levites took·​·down the ark of Jehovah, and the coffer that was with it, wherein were the vessels of gold, and put them on the great stone; and the men of Beth-shemesh offered up burnt·​·offerings, and sacrificed sacrifices in that day unto Jehovah.

16 And the five satraps of the Philistines saw it, and they returned to Ekron in that day.

17 And these are the hemorrhoids of gold which the Philistines returned for a guilt offering unto Jehovah; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Ashkelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one.

18 And the mice of gold according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines, of the five satraps, from the fortified city, and even·​·to Copher* of the countryside, and unto the great Abel*, on which they placed the ark of Jehovah; even· to this day it is in the field of Joshua, the Beth-shemeshite.

19 And He smote the men of Beth-shemesh, for they had seen into the ark of Jehovah, and He smote among the people seventy men and fifty thousand men; and the people mourned, for Jehovah had smitten among the people a great smiting.

20 And the men of Beth-shemesh said, Who is·​·able to stand before Jehovah, this holy God? and to whom shall He go·​·up from us?

21 And they sent messengers to those who dwelt in Kiriath-jearim, saying, The Philistines have returned the ark of Jehovah; come· ye ·down and bring· it ·up to yourselves.

← 1 Samuel 5   1 Samuel 7 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 6      

The Philistines were desperate to get rid of the stolen Ark of the Covenant. They had suffered plagues, and the statue of their god, Dagon, had fallen. Seven months after they had taken the Ark, the priests and diviners of the Philistines advised that it should be returned to the Lord “Jehovah” in Israel’s territory, accompanied by a suitable “trespass offering”. This would be an admission of guilt.

It was decided that the offering should be five gold tumors, or hemorrhoids, and five gold mice - representing the two afflictions that had plagued their people, and the five cities of the Philistines. They built a special cart to carry the Ark and the trespass offering, and two young milk cows pulled it. The cows were set free to find their own route, and headed straight for Israelite territory. The Israelite people in the border town of Beth Shemesh saw the cart coming, and rejoiced. They used a large stone as an altar, split up the wood of the cart and offered the two cows as a sacrifice. The golden objects were then distributed through the land.

In Divine Providence 326, we get an explanation of the meaning of the symbols in this chapter:

The hemorrhoids that plagued the Philistines in 1 Samuel 5 represent earthly loves separated from spiritual ones. The golden hemorrhoids represent earthly loves that have been purified, and made good.

The mice represent distortions of the truth which destroy the church. The golden mice represent the repair of the destruction via good loves and actions.

The cart that carried the ark and the trespass offerings symbolizes a new teaching, and the cows that led it symbolize “good earthly feelings.” The cows lowed as they led the cart. Swedenborg writes of this story that we must turn the obsessions that our earthly self holds with evil into good desires, and that the lowing of the cows as they drew the cart away represents how difficult this is. The sacrifice of the cows when they reached their destination indicates that the Lord was appeased. (See Divine Providence 326)

These symbols reveal something about our relationship with God, and the importance of uniting faith and charity, good and truth, within ourselves. The Philistines represent a spiritual state with faith separate from charity, and this chapter tells us that in order to reunite our faith with charity we must turn our loves of evil into the desire to do good with our knowledge.

The end of the chapter tells that the people of Beth Shemesh, who received the Ark of the Covenant, made a fatal mistake: some of them looked into the Ark. As a consequence, 50,070 of their people died. They sent a message to the people of Kirjath Jearim, asking them to come down and take the Ark from them.

The primary message here is the power of the Lord’s Ten Commandments. In the book True Christian Religion, we are taught that there was tremendous holiness and power in the law written on the stone tablets, because it was a “summary of the whole of religion.” The two engraved tablets represent the link between us and God. One of them contains a synopsis of all things related to God, and the other, a synopsis of all things related to us (see True Christian Religion 285 286). If we are to ever trespass the commandments or treat them as less than holy, harm will surely come. Therefore, we must work with the Lord in order to acquire an appropriate reverence for His commandments. This needs to go together with an active and sincere effort to obey them to the best of our frail and limited human ability.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5945

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 284, 595, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 827

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 41:8

Exodus 7:13, 14, 8:15, 12:31, 19:21, 33:4

Leviticus 5:16

Numbers 1:51

Joshua 7:19, 13:3, 15:9, 10

Judges 6:26, 14:19, 18:12

1 Samuel 5:7, 8, 6:4, 17

2 Samuel 1:20, 6:2, 3, 7, 9

1 Kings 4:9

Isaiah 2:6

Jeremiah 26:20

Daniel 2:2

Amos 1:8

Jonah 3:9

Malachi 2

Matthew 27:22

Hebrews 3:7, 8

Revelation 6:17

Významy biblických slov

seven
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

months
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

removed
As with many verbs, the meaning of "remove" in the Bible varies a good bit depending on context. It generally involves a separation of spiritual...

hemorrhoids
'Hemorrhoids' signify truth defiled by evil of life.

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gods
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

egyptians
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

pharaoh
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

bind
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

behind
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

send
'To send' signifies revealing.

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

bound
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

images
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

border
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

harvest
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

Wheat
'Wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and vetches,' as in Ezekiel 4:9, 12, signify various kinds of good, and their derivative truths. Bread, or a cake,...

valley
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

glad
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

cows
'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...

vessels
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

mice
'Mice,' as in 1 Samuel 6:1-21, signify the falsities of the sensory human.

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

joshua
Joshua, the son of Josedech the high-priest,' as in Zechariah 3:1, signifies the law, or the Word.

smote
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

thousand
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

mourned
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

smitten
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stand
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

sent
'To send' signifies revealing.

messengers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

returned
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

ark
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 The Ark of the Tabernacle
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


Přeložit: