1 Samuel 30

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1 And it was, when David and his men had come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had attacked the south and Ziklag, and had smitten Ziklag and burnt· her ·up with fire.

2 And they took·​·captive the women that were therein, from the small even·​·to the great; they did· not ·put· a man ·to·​·death, but carried them off and went their way.

3 And David and his men came to the city, and behold, it was burnt with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken·​·captive.

4 And David and the people who were with him lifted·​·up their voice and wept until there was no more power in them to weep.

5 And the two wives of David were taken·​·captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail, the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.

6 And David was· very ·distressed; for the people said that they would stone him, for the soul of all the people was·​·bitter, each·​·man over his sons and over his daughters; but David confirmed himself in Jehovah his God.

7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, Present to me now the ephod. And Abiathar presented the ephod to David.

8 And David asked of Jehovah saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? Shall I overtake them? And He said to him, pursue, for overtaking thou shalt overtake, and rescuing thou shalt rescue.

9 And David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and they came to the brook Besor, and the remainder stood still.

10 But David pursued, he and the four hundred men; but two·​·hundred men stood still, who were· too ·faint to cross·​·over the brook Besor.

11 And they found a man, an Egyptian, in the field, and took him to David, and gave him bread and he did eat, and gave· him water ·to·​·drink;

12 and they gave him a piece of a clump of figs, and two clusters·​·of·​·raisins, and he did eat; and his spirit returned unto him, for he had not eaten bread, and had not drunk any water, three days and three nights.

13 And David said to him, Whose art thou? And whence art thou? And he said, I am an Egyptian lad, servant to a man, an Amalekite; and my lord left me, for I became sick on the third day.

14 We attacked the south of the Cherethites, and on that which is of Judah, and on the south of Caleb, and we burnt·​·up Ziklag with fire.

15 And David said to him, Wilt thou bring· me ·down to this troop? And he said, Promise to me by God, that thou wilt not put· me ·to·​·death, and will not close· me ·up in the hand of my lord, and I will bring· thee ·down to this troop.

16 And he brought· him ·down, and behold, they were extended over the face of all the land, eating and drinking, and celebrating, with all the great spoil that they had taken from land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.

17 And David smote them from the twilight and until the evening of the morrow. And there escaped not a man of them, except four hundred men of youth, who rode on camels and fled.

18 And David rescued all that Amalek had taken; and David rescued his two wives.

19 And there was nothing lacking to them, from the small even·​·to the great, even·​·to sons and daughters and from spoil even·​·to all that they had taken for themselves; David returned all.

20 And David took all the flocks and the herds; they drove on before these livestock, and said, This is David’s spoil.

21 And David came to the two·​·hundred men, who were· too ·faint to go after David, and whom he had made to sit at the brook Besor; and they went·​·forth to meet David, and to meet the people who were with him; and David approached with the people, and asked them of their peace.

22 And every evil man, and those of Belial, from the men who had gone with David, answered and said, Because they went not with us, there shall not be given them of the spoil which we rescued, except to a man his wife, and his sons; and they would drive them away, and they would go.

23 But David said, You shall not do so, my brothers, with that which Jehovah has given us, and He has kept us safe, and has given the troop that came against us into our hand.

24 And who will hearken to you in this word? For as the part of him that goes·​·down to the battle, so shall be the part of him that sits by the vessels; they shall part it as·​·one.

25 And it was, from that day and upward, that he set it for a statute and for a judgment for Israel, to this day.

26 And David came to Ziklag, and sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, to his companions, saying, Behold, a blessing for you from the spoil of the enemies of Jehovah,

27 to them in Bethel, and to them in Ramoth of the south, and to them in Jattir,

28 and to them in Aroer, and to them in Siphmoth, and to them in Eshtamoa,

29 and to them in Rachal, and to them in the cities of the Jerahmeelite, and to them in the cities of the Kenites,

30 and to them in Hormah, and to them in Bor-ashan, and to them in Athach,

31 and to them in Hebron, and to all the places where David and his men had lived.

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Psalms 56:4, 138:3

Isaiah 40:30

Ezekiel 25:16

Zephaniah 2:5

Luke 16:9

Významy biblických slov

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Third day
'The third day' signifies the end of a state of preparation for reception, and so an end of purification, as in Exodus 19:16. 'The third...

smitten
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

way
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

voice
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

wept
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

weep
'Weeping with a loud voice' signifies the ultimate of grief.

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

pursue
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

Overtake
'To overtake' denotes communication and influx.

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

remainder
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

pursued
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

stood
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

eaten
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

bread
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

drunk
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

three
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

nights
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

lad
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

my lord
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

sick
'The sick,' as in Matthew 25:35, signify people in evil, and those who acknowledge that in themselves there is nothing but evil.

third
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

close
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

eating
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

drinking
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

twilight
'Twilight' signifies the end time of the church.

evening
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Four hundred
Four hundred signifies vastation, temptations, and the duration thereof.

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

youth
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

rode
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

camels
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

fled
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

wives
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

daughters
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

returned
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

flocks
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

herds
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

livestock
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

brook
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

meet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

men
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

brothers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

kept
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

troop
'A troop,' as in Genesis 30:11, signifies omnipotence and omniscience in the highest sense, in an internal sense, the good of faith, and in an...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

hearken
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

battle
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

vessels
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

spoil
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

elders
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

companions
In the Bible, there is a careful distinction between the word “brother” and the word “companion” or “friend.” That’s partly because the people of Israel...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

south
'South' denotes truth in light.

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

places
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

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