1 Samuel 23

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1 And they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they are pillaging the threshing·​·floors.

2 And David asked of Jehovah, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And Jehovah said to David, go and smite the Philistines and save Keilah.

3 And the men of David said to him, Behold, we are fearful here in Judah; and how much more if we go to Keilah, to the battle arrays of the Philistines?

4 And David asked of Jehovah yet again. And Jehovah answered him, and said, Arise, go·​·down to Keilah, for I will give the Philistines into thy hand.

5 And David and his men went to Keilah and fought against the Philistines, and he drove away their livestock and smote them with a great smiting. And David saved those who dwelt in Keilah.

6 And it was, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech ran·​·away to David to Keilah, that he came·​·down with an ephod in his hand.

7 And it was told to Saul that David had come to Keilah. And Saul said, God has abandoned* him into my hand, for he is shut in by coming into a city with doors and bars.

8 And Saul called together all the people for war to go·​·down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.

9 And David knew that Saul was crafting evil against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Present the ephod.

10 And David said, Jehovah, God of Israel, hearing Thy servant has heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.

11 Will the citizens of Keilah close· me ·up into his hand? Will Saul come·​·down, as thy servant has heard? Jehovah, God of Israel, I pray Thee, tell Thy servant. And Jehovah said, He will come·​·down.

12 And David said, Will the citizens of Keilah close·​·up me and my men in the hand of Saul? And Jehovah said, They will close· you ·up.

13 And David arose and his men, about six hundred men; and they went·​·out from Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go. And it was·​·told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he stopped going·​·forth.

14 And David dwelt in the wilderness in the forts, and dwelt in the mountain of the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him all the days, but God gave him not into his hand.

15 And David saw that Saul was come·​·out to seek his soul; and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the woods.

16 And Jonathan the son of Saul arose, and went to David in the woods, and made· his hand ·firm in God.

17 And he said unto him, Fear not; for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be·​·king over Israel, and I shall be second unto thee, and that also Saul my father knows.

18 And they two cut a covenant before Jehovah; and David dwelt in the woods, and Jonathan went to his house.

19 And the Ziphites came·​·up to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide with us in the forts in the woods, in the hill of Hachilah which is on the right·​·hand of Jeshimon?

20 And now, O king, come·​·down according to all the longing of thy soul to come·​·down; and it will be for us to shut him up in the hand of the king.

21 And Saul said, Blessed be you of Jehovah, for you have pity on me.

22 Go, I pray you, prepare yet and know and see his place where his foot is. Who has seen him there? For it is said to me that acting·​·with·​·cunning he acts·​·with·​·cunning.

23 And see and know all his hideaways, where he hides·​·himself, and return to me with the certainty, and I will go with you; and it shall be if he be in the land, that I will search for him among all the thousands of Judah.

24 And they arose and went to Ziph before Saul; but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the desert, to the right of Jeshimon.

25 And Saul and his men went to seek. And they told David; and he went·​·down to the rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And Saul heard it, and pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.

26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men were on that side of the mountain; and David rushed to go from before Saul, and Saul and his men were encompassing David and his men to catch them.

27 And a messenger came to Saul, saying, Hasten thee and come; for the Philistines have attacked the land.

28 And Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went to meet the Philistines; therefore they called that place Sela-hammachlekoth.

29 24:1 And David went·​·up from thence, and dwelt in the forts of En-gedi.

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Významy biblických slov

floors
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

smite
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

save
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

fearful
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

livestock
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

saved
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

doors
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

and bars
In Lamentations 2:8-9, 'wall,' 'rampart,' 'gates,' and 'bars' signify doctrines.

bars
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

besiege
'To lay siege' means bringing distress by evils and falsities.

knew
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

evil
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

hearing
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

close
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

men
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

Fear not
Fear not, as in Revelation 1:17; Daniel 10:5, 12; Matthew 17:5, 7; 28:10, etc., signifies resuscitation to life, and at the same time adoration from...

father
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

find
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

knows
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

jonathan
There is little direct teaching about Jonathan in Swedenborg. He is the son of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel: 9-10) and the...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

gibeah
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

hide
'To hide themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:15, signifies being in evils and in falsities...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

shut
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

blessed
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

foot
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

seen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

return
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

thousands
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

desert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

seek
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

rock
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

wilderness
'The wilderness of Sin,' as in Exodus 16, signifies the good from truth in a state of temptation.

heard
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

pursued
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

mountain
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

messenger
'A messenger' signifies communication.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

hasten
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

saul
'Saul,' as a king, represents divine truth.

returned
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

pursuing
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

meet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

called
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

dwelt
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


Thanks to the Kempton Project for the permission to use this New Church translation of the Word.


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