創世記 47

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1 ヨセフは行って、パロに言った、「わたしの父と兄弟たち、その、牛およびすべての持ち物がカナンの地からきて、今ゴセンの地におります」。

2 そしてその兄弟のうちの人を連れて行って、パロに会わせた。

3 パロはヨセフの兄弟たちに言った、「あなたがたの職業は何か」。彼らはパロに言った、「しもべらはを飼う者です。われわれも、われわれの先祖もそうです」。

4 彼らはまたパロに言った、「このに寄留しようとしてきました。カナンの地はききんが激しく、しもべらの群れのための牧がないのです。どうかしもべらをゴセンの地に住ませてください」。

5 パロはヨセフに言った、「あなたの父と兄弟たちとがあなたのところにきた。

6 エジプトの地はあなたのにある。地の最も良い所にあなたの父と兄弟たちとを住ませなさい。ゴセンの地に彼らを住ませなさい。もしあなたが彼らのうちに有能な者があるのを知っているなら、その者にわたしの家畜をつかさどらせなさい」。

7 そこでヨセフは父ヤコブを導いてパロのに立たせた。ヤコブはパロを祝福した。

8 パロはヤコブに言った、「あなたの年はいくつか」。

9 ヤコブはパロに言った、「わたしの旅路のとしつきは、三十年です。わたしのよわいのはわずかで、ふしあわせで、わたしの先祖たちのよわいのと旅路のには及びません」。

10 ヤコブはパロを祝福し、パロのを去った。

11 ヨセフはパロの命じたように、父と兄弟たちとのすまいを定め、彼らにエジプトで最も良い地、ラメセスの地を所有として与えた。

12 またヨセフは父と兄弟たちと父の全とに、族の数にしたがい、食物を与えて養った。

13 さて、ききんが非常に激しかったので、全地に食物がなく、エジプトカナンも、ききんのために衰えた。

14 それでヨセフは人々が買った穀物の代金としてエジプトカナンにあったをみな集め、そのをパロのに納めた。

15 こうしてエジプトカナンが尽きたとき、エジプトびとはみなヨセフのもとにきて言った、「食物をください。が尽きたからとて、どうしてあなたの前で死んでよいでしょう」。

16 ヨセフは言った、「あなたがたの家畜を出しなさい。が尽きたのなら、あなたがたの家畜と引き替えで食物をわたそう」。

17 彼らはヨセフの所へ家畜をひいてきたので、ヨセフは群れ群れ及びろばと引き替えで、食物を彼らにわたした。こうして彼はその年、すべての家畜と引き替えた食物で彼らを養った。

18 やがてその年は暮れ、次の年、人々はまたヨセフの所へきて言った、「わがには何事も隠しません。われわれのは尽き、群れもわがのものになって、われわれのからだと田地のほかはわがに何も残っていません。

19 われわれはどうして田地と一緒に、あなたので滅んでよいでしょう。われわれと田地とを食物と引き替えで買ってください。われわれは田地と一緒にパロの奴隷となりましょう。また種をください。そうすればわれわれは生きながらえ、死を免れて、田地も荒れないでしょう」。

20 そこでヨセフはエジプトの田地をみなパロのために買い取った。ききんがエジプトびとに、きびしかったので、めいめいその田売ったからである。こうして地はパロのものとなった。

21 そしてヨセフはエジプト国境のこの端からかの端まで民を奴隷とした。

22 ただ祭司の田地は買い取らなかった。祭司にはパロの給与があって、パロが与える給与で生活していたので、その田地を売らなかったからである。

23 ヨセフは民に言った、「わたしはきょう、あなたがたとその田地とを買い取って、パロのものとした。あなたがたに種をあげるから地にまきなさい。

24 収穫の時は、その五分の一をパロに納め、五分の自分のものとして田の種とし、自分と族の食糧とし、また子供の食糧としなさい」。

25 彼らは言った、「あなたはわれわれの命をお救いくださった。どうかわがの前に恵みを得させてください。われわれはパロの奴隷になりましょう」。

26 ヨセフはエジプトの田地について、収穫の五分の一をパロに納めることをおきてとしたが、それは今日に及んでいる。ただし祭司の田地だけはパロのものとならなかった。

27 さてイスラエルエジプトゴセンの地に住み、そこで財産を得、子を生み、大いにふえた。

28 ヤコブはエジプトで十七年生きながらえた。ヤコブのよわいの四十七年であった。

29 イスラエル死ぬ時が近づいたので、そのヨセフを呼んで言った、「もしわたしがあなたの前に恵みを得るなら、どうかをわたしのももの下に入れて誓い、親切と誠実とをもってわたしを取り扱ってください。どうかわたしをエジプトには葬らないでください。

30 わたしが先祖たちと共に眠るときには、わたしをエジプトから運び出して先祖たちの墓に葬ってください」。ヨセフは言った、「あなたの言われたようにいたします」。ヤコブがまた、「わたしに誓ってください」と言ったので、彼は誓った。イスラエルは床のかしらで拝んだ。

31 ヤコブがまた、「わたしに誓ってください」と言ったので、彼は誓ったイスラエルは床のかしらで拝んだ。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 創世記 47      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

This chapter continues the "Joseph story." Joseph’s family has come to Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan. Joseph is thrilled to have them with him, especially his father, Jacob, and he gives them land in Goshen, the best part of Egypt. Pharaoh welcomes them, too, asking Joseph’s brothers about their work, and talking with Jacob, too.

In verses 1-6, Pharaoh corresponds here to external, scientific knowledge, while Joseph includes also the inner enlightenment that flows from the deepest things (Secrets of Heaven 6062). Without this influx our natural level does not have any life, for it is totally devoid of life on its own. Life comes to us directly from the Lord, and this chapter gives a glimpse of how the Lord creates life in us (Secrets of Heaven 6063).

When Joseph brings five of his brothers to meet Pharaoh, this means that some truths, meant by “five,” flowing from heaven reached into the natural part of us where factual things (Pharaoh) reside.

Pharaoh asks about their occupation, and they tell him that they are shepherds, as were their fathers. Here the natural part of us becomes aware of new things flowing in from the spiritual depths. It wonders what good these new insights will lead to. Since shepherds tend sheep that are innocently led, it follows that Joseph’s brothers represent truths that lead to innocence. In all innocence there is good from the Lord.

Truth and knowledge sustain the human soul just as food does the body, but famine represents a severe lack of it. When we are regenerating or being made spiritual, we have a desire for knowledge and wisdom, and when we don’t find it, we are desolate, listless, and famished. Goshen is the best land in Egypt; living in it symbolizes that a person who is being regenerated has access to the types of natural knowledges that begin our heavenly instruction.

Pharaoh's generosity illustrates how the natural part of us starts perceiving some deeper things. Jacob’s father and brothers being permitted to dwell in “the best of the land” shows the delight that our external mind has in receiving insights from spiritual things. Any “competent men” or “energetic men” (the latter used in a different translation) signifies that the outermost part of us is perceiving the most powerful or important truths, letting them be first or foremost among known facts. An example could be the instruction in Deuteronomy 6:4 to “Love the Lord with all our heart, all our soul and all our strength.”

In verse 7, Joseph brings Jacob to meet Pharaoh, "and Jacob blessed Pharaoh." This shows the sequence in our spiritual growth: our inmost spirit (Joseph) flows into intermediate truths (Jacob) which become present in the outermost part of us (Pharaoh).

Pharaoh asks Jacob his age, which shows a continuing interest on the part of our outer selves to learn about spiritual things. (Secrets of Heaven 6093).

In Verse 9, we read this:

"And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”

A pilgrimage is a journey for a spiritual end. Jacob’s has been full of temptations, producing inner feelings of anxiety and distress, which is why Jacob says his days have been “few and evil.” The natural person is particularly subjected to temptations when it is starting to receive the things of spiritual life. Evils of life and falsities of doctrine reside only in the outer or external part of us (Secrets of Heaven 6097).

Jacob’s blessing of Pharaoh, in verse 10, shows a heartfelt desire on the part of spiritual things to join natural ones. This will result in fruitfulness of life if we actually live according to inner dictates. The actuality of it has yet to be effected; so far there has only been an introduction to it. That Jacob “went out from Pharaoh” shows there still is some separation.

The following verses 17-27 deal with the actual joining together of spiritual with natural things. Joseph settles his father and brothers in the best land—an image of all the good and true things we receive from the innermost or celestial (Joseph) as it flows into the natural part of us. Then a true “church” can exist, a “church” being the place inside us where the things of the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761). That the natural acquiesces to this conjunction is shown by Pharaoh having commanded for Joseph’s family to be settled in the best land.

Joseph's providing for his father and brothers again shows the flow of good from the inmost or deepest level into the middle or spiritual level, and then into the outermost or natural levels of a person.

“According to their families.” Families, especially children, signify innocence, or a willingness to be led—here to receive this spiritual influx.

“No bread in the land” symbolizes what happens to us when we don't receive this inflowing spiritual good from an inner connection with the Lord. Even knowledges of spiritual things (represented by “Egypt" and “Canaan”) get desperate.

Joseph gathers up all the money found in Egypt and Canaan. This represents that all the factual knowledge of the Church that had truth in it, represented here by the money, was now being subordinated to the innermost or deepest part of ourselves, the part closest to Lord and His leading. It was no longer going to be spurious or falsified because of being subject to our own evil loves and self-serving "truths," or things in our outer self only.

When the money failed in the land, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence?” This happens when our life is so devastated that we no longer know anything, or have any truth, that leads to good. Even what we thought were our knowledges of truth and good have failed. This is because they came from ourselves and therefore were not life-giving. All of our being needs to turn toward the deepest of inner things, represented by Joseph.

In verse 16, Joseph says, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” This sounds sort of harsh but, again, we need to look at the inner meaning. Giving livestock for bread shows that truths need to be filled in with good. In other words, it is no longer good enough to know truths for their own sake; they must serve good or have good within them. That can only be done by living according to them. We can't just know things. And we can’t do good from ourselves.

The Egyptians bring their livestock to Joseph and exchange them for bread. We bring the lesser things in our lives under the direction or control of our inmost spiritual selves. “Horses” represent things of our understanding; “flocks,” inner truths that contain good; “herds,” more external truths; and “donkeys,” things of our outermost self that serve inner things. Joseph's feeding them corresponds to how our outer self is sustained and given life by an inflow from inner things.

In verses 18 and 19, things are getting much more serious. “When that year ended” means that a new state is beginning and the previous one has ended. “We will not hide from my lord” shows that our outermost self is now fully aware that it can only be helped by an inflow from deepest or inmost things. Nothing being left “but our bodies and our lands” shows the utter desolation our outer self, completely lacking any knowledge of good, or the true things that lead to good. This desolation comes from trying to live in the outer or bodily self without any influx from the inner or spiritual parts of ourselves (Secrets of Heaven 6108).

“Why should we die” shows how our outer self gets more and more desperate. We realize that we can’t be helped by anything external. Our desperation drives us finally to submit to Joseph, to inward love and wisdom that the Lord is trying to send to us.

The people are asking for seed. This is a sign that there can now be an inflow of charitable good and truth, because our outer self has become humbled and is willing to give up thinking it does things entirely on its own. It stops blocking the Lord's influx, fighting it, or twisting it into falsities. With help from "Joseph", we no longer have to fear the damnation which was close at hand. “That the land may not be desolate” shows that now our minds can be cultivated with true things of the church, the “church” being the place inside a person where things from the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761).

In verse 20, “Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharoah” directly corresponds to the way that our inmost self, conjoined with the Lord, now governs the whole natural mind. We're no longer struggling on our own because of our self-centeredness. An example can be seen in a person who is destroying his or her life with an addiction, but who gets a realization of how bad things are, and slowly stops drinking drink or doing the drug, eventually getting away from it entirely, and becoming healed.

Joseph moves the people into the cities, throughout Egypt. Cities correspond to doctrines which are organized sets of truths. Moving people into cities corresponds to the way that our inmost mind is now directing our thoughts into areas where there are knowledges that hold truths within them.

Joseph doesn't buy the priests' land. Here Pharaoh’s priests represent the capacity to receive good that exists only from the inner levels flowing outward, not from anything that exists externally of itself (Secrets of Heaven 6148). “The priests having rations from Pharaoh all along” shows how important these capacities are. “Therefore they did not sell their lands” shows that those parts of us never did things on their own without inner guidance.

Joseph giving the people seed, in verse 23, describes the way that our inmost spiritual self is excited at being joined with natural things. It quickly distributes truths throughout it from which spiritual things can grow. The excitement here is parallel to the excitement Joseph felt when he first saw that his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain (Genesis 43).

In verse 24, there's an interesting division of the yield of the seed: “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households, and as food for your little ones.”

As things of good and truth start to grow, the natural or outer part of us needs to constantly acknowledge that its good comes from somewhere other than itself. Giving one-fifth to Pharoah accomplishes that. Tithing, or giving a percentage of one’s salary to the church, is reminiscent of this. The people were able to keep four-fifths of the produce as their own, showing that there will still be lots of things we think and feel where it seems like they originate from ourselves. In the reality of spiritual life, though, they actually are coming from the Lord. The difference is that we do them “as of ourself” or “as if” they originate from us. “Your little ones” shows that when it is done this way, the person will be innocent or without fault.

In verse 25, the people are grateful. “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” Our outer self starts with pride, self-centeredness, and some delusions that lead to a disconnectedness from the Lord's love and wisdom. But now, after hardship, temptation, and spiritual famine, we've made the decision to allow the Lord to flow into our minds, and to be governed by real love and wisdom. And now, finally, our outer self is grateful. To “find favor in the sight of my lord” shows a willingness to be led in this way.

We need to give consent in order for spiritual things to flow in; they will not be forced on us. When we give consent, we're on the road to having our whole life be nourished. The parallel to Joseph’s law is that we need to always respond to the prompting of inner leading. “To this day” means forever. “That Pharaoh should have one-fifth” shows that the Lord just wants us to acknowledge Him. He still wants us to have freedom, and the feeling that we do things on our own, signified by the four-fifths the people keep. And at the same time, for the sake of our spiritual life we need to remember the Lord and recognize that our life comes from Him.

The Children of Israel thrive in Goshen. Spiritual good is present with the person now. “Israel” means spiritual good, different now from “Jacob,” which means natural truth. “In the country of Goshen”—the spiritual good is in the middle or best part of the natural. That Joseph’s family “grew and multiplied exceedingly” shows that goods and truths were being formed and shared with the natural, and the outermost part of us is responding to them (Secrets of Heaven 6172).

In the last few verses, the focus is on Jacob, and his impending death. Swedenborg says that Jacob living one hundred and forty-seven years is not easy to explain. The “numbers contain the entire state of reality represented by ‘Jacob’ and its essential nature” (Secrets of Heaven 6175). As for one hundred and forty-seven, it probably has something to do with “forty” meaning “temptations” (as seen in the story of Noah), and “seven” meaning “completeness."

Israel calls Joseph to his side. As Israel dies, deeper things are present, because ‘Joseph’ represents inmost things. “Now if I have found favor in your sight” shows the desire on the part of our outer self for inner things to predominate. “Please put your hand under my thigh.” This was a way of expressing a sacred bond, the “hand” having to do with power in outer things and the “thigh” with things of heavenly married love. (Think of the sacred bond which is made at weddings.) That we are reaching a state of humility is shown in Israel’s request for Joseph to “deal kindly and truly with me.” Not wanting to be buried in Egypt indicates the desire to dwell in things of the spirit, i.e., heaven, and not be left only in knowledges of them, which are in our outermost self (Secrets of Heaven 6181).

30. “’But let me lie with my fathers. You shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.’ And Joseph said, ‘I will do as you have said.’ Then Jacob said, ‘Swear to me.’ And Joseph swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.”

Jacob's lying with his fathers represents our desire, when opening to inner things, to live the type of spiritual life that the earliest people on earth had. They lived in spiritual innocence. Carrying Jacob “out of Egypt” corresponds to being carried out of knowledges only. (See Secrets of Heaven 6183).

Swearing a vow is a sacred thing, an unchangeable agreement to do something. The “head of the bed” is the part that is higher up when compared to the rest of the bed and “bowing oneself” indicates humility. This shows that natural truth meant by “Jacob” was raised to “spiritual good” meant by “Israel” (Secrets of Heaven 6188). The intention of the Lord in all this has been to join with us by flowing in and giving us the capacities to live according to heavenly truths. Knowledge is not enough; understanding is not enough; only living according to spiritual things will do.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 47      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

This chapter continues the "Joseph story." Joseph’s family has come to Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan. Joseph is thrilled to have them with him, especially his father, Jacob, and he gives them land in Goshen, the best part of Egypt. Pharaoh welcomes them, too, asking Joseph’s brothers about their work, and talking with Jacob, too.

In verses 1-6, Pharaoh corresponds here to external, scientific knowledge, while Joseph includes also the inner enlightenment that flows from the deepest things (Secrets of Heaven 6062). Without this influx our natural level does not have any life, for it is totally devoid of life on its own. Life comes to us directly from the Lord, and this chapter gives a glimpse of how the Lord creates life in us (Secrets of Heaven 6063).

When Joseph brings five of his brothers to meet Pharaoh, this means that some truths, meant by “five,” flowing from heaven reached into the natural part of us where factual things (Pharaoh) reside.

Pharaoh asks about their occupation, and they tell him that they are shepherds, as were their fathers. Here the natural part of us becomes aware of new things flowing in from the spiritual depths. It wonders what good these new insights will lead to. Since shepherds tend sheep that are innocently led, it follows that Joseph’s brothers represent truths that lead to innocence. In all innocence there is good from the Lord.

Truth and knowledge sustain the human soul just as food does the body, but famine represents a severe lack of it. When we are regenerating or being made spiritual, we have a desire for knowledge and wisdom, and when we don’t find it, we are desolate, listless, and famished. Goshen is the best land in Egypt; living in it symbolizes that a person who is being regenerated has access to the types of natural knowledges that begin our heavenly instruction.

Pharaoh's generosity illustrates how the natural part of us starts perceiving some deeper things. Jacob’s father and brothers being permitted to dwell in “the best of the land” shows the delight that our external mind has in receiving insights from spiritual things. Any “competent men” or “energetic men” (the latter used in a different translation) signifies that the outermost part of us is perceiving the most powerful or important truths, letting them be first or foremost among known facts. An example could be the instruction in Deuteronomy 6:4 to “Love the Lord with all our heart, all our soul and all our strength.”

In verse 7, Joseph brings Jacob to meet Pharaoh, "and Jacob blessed Pharaoh." This shows the sequence in our spiritual growth: our inmost spirit (Joseph) flows into intermediate truths (Jacob) which become present in the outermost part of us (Pharaoh).

Pharaoh asks Jacob his age, which shows a continuing interest on the part of our outer selves to learn about spiritual things. (Secrets of Heaven 6093).

In Verse 9, we read this:

"And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”

A pilgrimage is a journey for a spiritual end. Jacob’s has been full of temptations, producing inner feelings of anxiety and distress, which is why Jacob says his days have been “few and evil.” The natural person is particularly subjected to temptations when it is starting to receive the things of spiritual life. Evils of life and falsities of doctrine reside only in the outer or external part of us (Secrets of Heaven 6097).

Jacob’s blessing of Pharaoh, in verse 10, shows a heartfelt desire on the part of spiritual things to join natural ones. This will result in fruitfulness of life if we actually live according to inner dictates. The actuality of it has yet to be effected; so far there has only been an introduction to it. That Jacob “went out from Pharaoh” shows there still is some separation.

The following verses 17-27 deal with the actual joining together of spiritual with natural things. Joseph settles his father and brothers in the best land—an image of all the good and true things we receive from the innermost or celestial (Joseph) as it flows into the natural part of us. Then a true “church” can exist, a “church” being the place inside us where the things of the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761). That the natural acquiesces to this conjunction is shown by Pharaoh having commanded for Joseph’s family to be settled in the best land.

Joseph's providing for his father and brothers again shows the flow of good from the inmost or deepest level into the middle or spiritual level, and then into the outermost or natural levels of a person.

“According to their families.” Families, especially children, signify innocence, or a willingness to be led—here to receive this spiritual influx.

“No bread in the land” symbolizes what happens to us when we don't receive this inflowing spiritual good from an inner connection with the Lord. Even knowledges of spiritual things (represented by “Egypt" and “Canaan”) get desperate.

Joseph gathers up all the money found in Egypt and Canaan. This represents that all the factual knowledge of the Church that had truth in it, represented here by the money, was now being subordinated to the innermost or deepest part of ourselves, the part closest to Lord and His leading. It was no longer going to be spurious or falsified because of being subject to our own evil loves and self-serving "truths," or things in our outer self only.

When the money failed in the land, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence?” This happens when our life is so devastated that we no longer know anything, or have any truth, that leads to good. Even what we thought were our knowledges of truth and good have failed. This is because they came from ourselves and therefore were not life-giving. All of our being needs to turn toward the deepest of inner things, represented by Joseph.

In verse 16, Joseph says, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” This sounds sort of harsh but, again, we need to look at the inner meaning. Giving livestock for bread shows that truths need to be filled in with good. In other words, it is no longer good enough to know truths for their own sake; they must serve good or have good within them. That can only be done by living according to them. We can't just know things. And we can’t do good from ourselves.

The Egyptians bring their livestock to Joseph and exchange them for bread. We bring the lesser things in our lives under the direction or control of our inmost spiritual selves. “Horses” represent things of our understanding; “flocks,” inner truths that contain good; “herds,” more external truths; and “donkeys,” things of our outermost self that serve inner things. Joseph's feeding them corresponds to how our outer self is sustained and given life by an inflow from inner things.

In verses 18 and 19, things are getting much more serious. “When that year ended” means that a new state is beginning and the previous one has ended. “We will not hide from my lord” shows that our outermost self is now fully aware that it can only be helped by an inflow from deepest or inmost things. Nothing being left “but our bodies and our lands” shows the utter desolation our outer self, completely lacking any knowledge of good, or the true things that lead to good. This desolation comes from trying to live in the outer or bodily self without any influx from the inner or spiritual parts of ourselves (Secrets of Heaven 6108).

“Why should we die” shows how our outer self gets more and more desperate. We realize that we can’t be helped by anything external. Our desperation drives us finally to submit to Joseph, to inward love and wisdom that the Lord is trying to send to us.

The people are asking for seed. This is a sign that there can now be an inflow of charitable good and truth, because our outer self has become humbled and is willing to give up thinking it does things entirely on its own. It stops blocking the Lord's influx, fighting it, or twisting it into falsities. With help from "Joseph", we no longer have to fear the damnation which was close at hand. “That the land may not be desolate” shows that now our minds can be cultivated with true things of the church, the “church” being the place inside a person where things from the Lord are known (Secrets of Heaven 10761).

In verse 20, “Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharoah” directly corresponds to the way that our inmost self, conjoined with the Lord, now governs the whole natural mind. We're no longer struggling on our own because of our self-centeredness. An example can be seen in a person who is destroying his or her life with an addiction, but who gets a realization of how bad things are, and slowly stops drinking drink or doing the drug, eventually getting away from it entirely, and becoming healed.

Joseph moves the people into the cities, throughout Egypt. Cities correspond to doctrines which are organized sets of truths. Moving people into cities corresponds to the way that our inmost mind is now directing our thoughts into areas where there are knowledges that hold truths within them.

Joseph doesn't buy the priests' land. Here Pharaoh’s priests represent the capacity to receive good that exists only from the inner levels flowing outward, not from anything that exists externally of itself (Secrets of Heaven 6148). “The priests having rations from Pharaoh all along” shows how important these capacities are. “Therefore they did not sell their lands” shows that those parts of us never did things on their own without inner guidance.

Joseph giving the people seed, in verse 23, describes the way that our inmost spiritual self is excited at being joined with natural things. It quickly distributes truths throughout it from which spiritual things can grow. The excitement here is parallel to the excitement Joseph felt when he first saw that his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain (Genesis 43).

In verse 24, there's an interesting division of the yield of the seed: “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households, and as food for your little ones.”

As things of good and truth start to grow, the natural or outer part of us needs to constantly acknowledge that its good comes from somewhere other than itself. Giving one-fifth to Pharoah accomplishes that. Tithing, or giving a percentage of one’s salary to the church, is reminiscent of this. The people were able to keep four-fifths of the produce as their own, showing that there will still be lots of things we think and feel where it seems like they originate from ourselves. In the reality of spiritual life, though, they actually are coming from the Lord. The difference is that we do them “as of ourself” or “as if” they originate from us. “Your little ones” shows that when it is done this way, the person will be innocent or without fault.

In verse 25, the people are grateful. “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” Our outer self starts with pride, self-centeredness, and some delusions that lead to a disconnectedness from the Lord's love and wisdom. But now, after hardship, temptation, and spiritual famine, we've made the decision to allow the Lord to flow into our minds, and to be governed by real love and wisdom. And now, finally, our outer self is grateful. To “find favor in the sight of my lord” shows a willingness to be led in this way.

We need to give consent in order for spiritual things to flow in; they will not be forced on us. When we give consent, we're on the road to having our whole life be nourished. The parallel to Joseph’s law is that we need to always respond to the prompting of inner leading. “To this day” means forever. “That Pharaoh should have one-fifth” shows that the Lord just wants us to acknowledge Him. He still wants us to have freedom, and the feeling that we do things on our own, signified by the four-fifths the people keep. And at the same time, for the sake of our spiritual life we need to remember the Lord and recognize that our life comes from Him.

The Children of Israel thrive in Goshen. Spiritual good is present with the person now. “Israel” means spiritual good, different now from “Jacob,” which means natural truth. “In the country of Goshen”—the spiritual good is in the middle or best part of the natural. That Joseph’s family “grew and multiplied exceedingly” shows that goods and truths were being formed and shared with the natural, and the outermost part of us is responding to them (Secrets of Heaven 6172).

In the last few verses, the focus is on Jacob, and his impending death. Swedenborg says that Jacob living one hundred and forty-seven years is not easy to explain. The “numbers contain the entire state of reality represented by ‘Jacob’ and its essential nature” (Secrets of Heaven 6175). As for one hundred and forty-seven, it probably has something to do with “forty” meaning “temptations” (as seen in the story of Noah), and “seven” meaning “completeness."

Israel calls Joseph to his side. As Israel dies, deeper things are present, because ‘Joseph’ represents inmost things. “Now if I have found favor in your sight” shows the desire on the part of our outer self for inner things to predominate. “Please put your hand under my thigh.” This was a way of expressing a sacred bond, the “hand” having to do with power in outer things and the “thigh” with things of heavenly married love. (Think of the sacred bond which is made at weddings.) That we are reaching a state of humility is shown in Israel’s request for Joseph to “deal kindly and truly with me.” Not wanting to be buried in Egypt indicates the desire to dwell in things of the spirit, i.e., heaven, and not be left only in knowledges of them, which are in our outermost self (Secrets of Heaven 6181).

30. “’But let me lie with my fathers. You shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.’ And Joseph said, ‘I will do as you have said.’ Then Jacob said, ‘Swear to me.’ And Joseph swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.”

Jacob's lying with his fathers represents our desire, when opening to inner things, to live the type of spiritual life that the earliest people on earth had. They lived in spiritual innocence. Carrying Jacob “out of Egypt” corresponds to being carried out of knowledges only. (See Secrets of Heaven 6183).

Swearing a vow is a sacred thing, an unchangeable agreement to do something. The “head of the bed” is the part that is higher up when compared to the rest of the bed and “bowing oneself” indicates humility. This shows that natural truth meant by “Jacob” was raised to “spiritual good” meant by “Israel” (Secrets of Heaven 6188). The intention of the Lord in all this has been to join with us by flowing in and giving us the capacities to live according to heavenly truths. Knowledge is not enough; understanding is not enough; only living according to spiritual things will do.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 6059, 6060, 6061, 6069, 6070, 6071, 6088, ...


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1463, 2838, 2916, 4286, 5973, 6062, 6063, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 137


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 548

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

創世記 14:19, 20, 21, 24:2, 25:7, 9, 28:22, 32:6, 41:30, 34, 36, 56, 57, 45:7, 10, 11, 18, 20, 46:3, 31, 33, 47:9, 28, 48:21, 50:5, 21, 24, 25

出エジプト記 1:11, 12:37

レビ記 27:30

民数記 18:21, 33:3

申命記 14:22, 26:12, 31:14, 16

ヨシュア記 2:14, 14:13, 23:14

列王記上 1:47, 2:1

歴代誌上 29:15

エズラ記 7:24

ネヘミヤ記 5:2

ヨブ記 2:4, 14:1

詩編 39:13

箴言 11:26

イザヤ書 22:24

ハバクク書 11:13, 21

ヤコブの手紙 4:14

Významy biblických slov


聖書の中で「兄弟」という言葉が使われる方法は二つあります。一つは実際の血縁関係を意味するもので,もう一つは「人間の兄弟関係」のような共通性を表す広い意味で使われています。 第二の用法は聖書全体を通して一貫しており、良いことをする愛に生きている人を意味しています。これは、単純な従順の喜びから、人に奉仕する慈善的な愛、主ご自身の高尚な愛まで、さまざまなレベルであり得ます。しかし、これらの愛の中にあるものはすべて兄弟です。 黙示録の説明、n. 746。 "このような人たちが兄弟と呼ばれるのは、すべての人が一つの父、すなわち主を持っているからである。彼らは一つの父の子であるから、兄弟でもある。また、父である主の主の主の主な戒めである、互いに愛し合うことは、その結果、彼らを兄弟とするのは愛である。 このケースは、血縁関係を介した兄弟の場合はより複雑であり、意味は、兄弟が誰であるかと物語の状況の文脈によってより影響を受ける。一般的には、兄弟は善を行いたいという願望と、善を行う方法を理解することの間に存在することができる一体感を反映しています。これはカインとアベル、そしていくつかの双子のペアに当てはまります。ヤコブとエサウ、ユダの息子ザラとパレズ、ヨセフの息子エフライムとマナセです。 このような善と真理の兄弟関係のために、兄弟は文脈に応じてどちらかを表すことができます。実際,ヨセフの兄弟の意味は,ユダヤ教の前駆者の霊的な衰退と再生を表すものとして,ヨセフの物語の中で移り変わっていきます。...

兄弟
聖書の中で「兄弟」という言葉が使われる方法は二つあります。一つは実際の血縁関係を意味するもので,もう一つは「人間の兄弟関係」のような共通性を表す広い意味で使われています。 第二の用法は聖書全体を通して一貫しており、良いことをする愛に生きている人を意味しています。これは、単純な従順の喜びから、人に奉仕する慈善的な愛、主ご自身の高尚な愛まで、さまざまなレベルであり得ます。しかし、これらの愛の中にあるものはすべて兄弟です。 黙示録の説明、n. 746。 "このような人たちが兄弟と呼ばれるのは、すべての人が一つの父、すなわち主を持っているからである。彼らは一つの父の子であるから、兄弟でもある。また、父である主の主の主の主な戒めである、互いに愛し合うことは、その結果、彼らを兄弟とするのは愛である。 このケースは、血縁関係を介した兄弟の場合はより複雑であり、意味は、兄弟が誰であるかと物語の状況の文脈によってより影響を受ける。一般的には、兄弟は善を行いたいという願望と、善を行う方法を理解することの間に存在することができる一体感を反映しています。これはカインとアベル、そしていくつかの双子のペアに当てはまります。ヤコブとエサウ、ユダの息子ザラとパレズ、ヨセフの息子エフライムとマナセです。 このような善と真理の兄弟関係のために、兄弟は文脈に応じてどちらかを表すことができます。実際,ヨセフの兄弟の意味は,ユダヤ教の前駆者の霊的な衰退と再生を表すものとして,ヨセフの物語の中で移り変わっていきます。...


It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

カナン
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

ゴセン
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.


Five also signifies all things of one part.

先祖
御言葉の中の父とは、最も内面的なものを意味し、主の命令に従っているものにおいては、良いものを意味します。最高の意味での父とは、創造者である主ご自身を意味します。自然な子供の世代では、魂、すなわち生命の最も内側にある受け皿と内的な遺伝を提供するのは父であり、魂が体を形成するために使用するすべての物質と外的な遺伝を提供するのは母です。この過程において、魂は父を通して主から来るのであって、父から来るのではありません。 賢い人が主を父と呼び、教会を母と呼ぶのは、その人の内面の愛が主から来たものであり、教会が教える真理によって形と実を与えられているからです。このようにして生まれたものが、その人の霊的な「子供」なのです。 新約聖書では、イエスと父について語るとき、意味するのは、内なる魂としての神そのものが外に現れているということです。イエスは自然な母から生まれたので、自然な体とユダヤ人の遺伝を持っていました。地獄に誘惑されていた彼の人生を通して、彼はゆっくりと母親から持っていたものをすべて捨てて、ご自身の内なる御父から持っていたものに置き換えていきました。そうすることで、彼は自分の内側にある父と一つになり、「私と父は一つである」と心から言えるようになったのです。


Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

群れ
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


Plants in the Bible generally represent facts, knowledge that can be gleaned from the world. Plants that can serve animals as food represent facts that...

エジプト
聖書の中でエジプトとは、知識と知識の愛を意味します。良い意味では、聖書を通して主からの真理の知識を意味していますが、自然な意味では、単に地上の知識を蓄えて所有することを意味しています。そして、聖書からの知識であっても、必ずしも良いものとは限りません。しかし、それらは、物事を知るためだけに、あるいは学ばれているという評判を得るためだけに学ばれている場合です。 だから、エジプトはあなたが物事を学ぶために行く場所ですが、天になるためには、不毛な「知ること」から抜け出して、内的な善への欲求で満たされているカナンの地へと旅をしなければなりません。 エジプトがヨセフに支配されていたとき、そこはヨセフの父や兄弟たちの避難所だったというのは興味深いことです。このことは、人の内なる心が学問の地で支配されると、役に立つことを多く学ぶことができることを示しています。しかし、やがてヨセフを知らないファラオが現れ、イスラエルの子らは奴隷にされてしまいました。ファラオは外面的な心を表しています。それが担当しているときには、知っていることの興奮と自己満足は、内面的な心を奴隷のように減少させることができます。心は-イスラエルの子供たちのように-レンガ、または外部の外観から人造の偽りを作って終わる。


ほとんどの場合、"before "の意味は簡単です。相対的な時間を評価する方法としても、"誰かの前で "という意味でも、"before "は使われます。しかし,主に関連して使われる場合には,より深い意味を持ちます。主の前に」いるということは、主の前にいるだけでなく、主から善の欲求と真理の理解を受けて、それに従って生きることを意味します。そして、主に関連して時間の評価として使われる場合、「前に」とは「永遠に」という意味であり、私たちが経験する時間ではなく、霊的な状態を指します。

知っている
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

家畜
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

三十
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

食物
自然の食べ物が自然の体を養うように、スピリチュアルな食べ物はスピリチュアルな体を養います。そして、私たちの霊的な体は、私たちが愛するものの表現であるので、霊的な食べ物は、私たちの愛の状態を養うものです。それは善への欲求であり、善であることの喜びであり、善であることが何であるかの理解であり、すべての真実の知識であり、善であることにつながるものなのです。ですから、聖書の中で食べ物が語られているとき、それが意味するものであり、食べ物が取ることのできる非常に多様な形は、私たちが人生の中で求めることのできる非常に多様な善と、それにつながる非常に多様な思考を表しているのです。


'Money' relates to truth.


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...


Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...


"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...


何かを理解するときに「見える」と言うのはよくあることです。そして、聖書の中の「見る」というのは、確かに霊的なものを把握し、理解することを表しています。ですから、私たちを見ることができる目は、霊的なものを理解することができる知性を表しているのです。 もちろん、これは否定的な意味でも使われます。聖書は人々が目を持っていて見ることを拒否していることを語っており、主がこの世におられた時には、不快な目を摘み取るように助言されました。これは、真実を認めることを拒否したり、偽りに惑わされたりすることを表しています。


聖書の中の「畑」とは、通常、主の教会、より具体的には教会の中での善への願望を表しています。それは、良いことが始まり、根付き、成長する場所です。 良い人になりたい」「良いことをしたい」という願望を持つと、自然と最初の質問は「それはどういうことか」「どうすればいいのか」「何ができるのか」ということになります。アイデア、コンセプト、方向性を探します。やりたいことや自分の中での変化がわかったら、具体的な知識を求めます。例えば、フードパントリーでボランティアをしたいと思ったら、誰に電話をすればいいのか、いつ助けが必要なのか、どこに行けばいいのか、何を持っていけばいいのかを知っておく必要があるでしょう。そのノウハウで武装したあなたは、仕事に取り掛かる準備ができています。 そのプロセスは、食品の生産に例えることができます。まずは畑から始めます。そして、種を蒔きます - それらのアイデアや概念です。それらの種は植物に芽を出します - タスクに必要な具体的な事実や知識です(フードパントリーの例で簡単に見られますが、「同僚にもっと寛容であること」や「祈りの時間をもっと取ること」、「より愛に満ちた配偶者であることを意識すること」のような、より深いタスクにも当てはまります)。最後に、これらの植物は食べ物を生産します - あなたが行って行う実際の良いこと。 また、『聖典』には、多くの場合、「フィールド」は教会の教義、または教えを表していると書かれています。これは明らかに違うように聞こえます。善への欲求とは感情的なものであり、欲望であり、教義とは考えの集合体です。しかし、教会が真実であるためには、その教義は善への欲求を中心に据え、人々を善を行うように導かなければなりません。ですから、健全な教義は実は善への欲求と密接に結びついているのです。

売った
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

国境
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

与える
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


聖書の中の「四」という数字は、物事が結びついている、あるいは結ばれていることを表しています。これは、4が2の2倍であり、2が善良でありたいという私たちの願望と、真理を理解する私たちの究極の結びつきを表しているからです。また、ほとんどの建物が長方形で、四つの辺がつながって全体を作っていることにも、このことを見ることができます。私たちはまた、方向を北、東、南、西の四つに分け、何かの「四隅」とは、そのすべてを意味しています。ですから、私たちの特別な思考は、自然と四辺がつながって全体になるように見ているのです。

自分の
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

救い
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

今日
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

イスラエル
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

死ぬ
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

下に
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

親切
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

誓った
'To sware' is a binding.

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 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Submission to the Lord's Plan
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18


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