ミカ書 1

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1 ユダの王ヨタム、アハズおよびヒゼキヤの世に、モレシテびとミカが、サマリヤとエルサレムについて示された主の言葉

2 あなたがたすべての民よ、聞け。地とその中に満てる者よ、耳を傾けよ。なる神はあなたがたにむかって証言し、はその聖なる宮から証言される。

3 見よ、はそのご座所から出てこられ、下ってきて地の高い所を踏まれる。

4 は彼の下に溶け、は裂け、のろうのごとく、坂に流れるのようだ。

5 これはみなヤコブのとがのゆえ、イスラエルののゆえである。ヤコブのとがとは何か、サマリヤではないか。ユダとは何か、エルサレムではないか。

6 このゆえにわたしはサマリヤを野の塚となし、ぶどうを植える所となし、またそのを谷に投げ落し、その基をあらわにする。

7 その彫像はみな砕かれ、その獲た価はみなで焼かれる。わたしはその偶像をことごとくこわす。これは遊女の価から集めたのだから、遊女の価に帰る

8 わたしはこれがために嘆き悲しみ、はだしとで歩きまわり、山犬のように嘆き、だちょうのように悲しみ鳴く。

9 サマリヤの傷はいやすことのできないもので、ユダまでひろがり、わが民のエルサレムまで及んでいる。

10 ガテに告げるな、泣き叫ぶな。ベテレアフラで、ちりの中にころがれ。

11 サピルに住む者よ、になり、をこうむって進み行け。ザアナンに住む者は出てこない。ベテエゼルの嘆きはあなたがたからその跡を断つ。

12 マロテに住む者は気づかわしそうに幸を待つ。災がから出て、エルサレムに臨んだからである。

13 ラキシに住む者よ、戦車に早馬をつなげ。ラキシはシオンのにとっての初めであった。イスラエルのとがが、あなたがたのうちに見られたからである。

14 それゆえ、あなたはモレセテ・ガテに別れの贈り物を与える。アクジブの々はイスラエルの王たちにとって、人を欺くものとなる。

15 マレシャに住む者よ、わたしはまた侵略者をあなたの所に連れて行く。イスラエルの栄光はアドラムに去るであろう。

16 あなたの喜ぶらのために、あなたの髪をそり落せ。そのそった所をはげたかのように大きくせよ。彼らは捕えられてあなたを離れるからである。



Exploring the Meaning of ミカ書 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 35

Doctrine of Life 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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Významy biblických slov

ユダ
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

エルサレム
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...


The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

主の
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

言葉
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

聖なる
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

高い
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.


The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

下に
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


ほとんどの場合、"before "の意味は簡単です。相対的な時間を評価する方法としても、"誰かの前で "という意味でも、"before "は使われます。しかし,主に関連して使われる場合には,より深い意味を持ちます。主の前に」いるということは、主の前にいるだけでなく、主から善の欲求と真理の理解を受けて、それに従って生きることを意味します。そして、主に関連して時間の評価として使われる場合、「前に」とは「永遠に」という意味であり、私たちが経験する時間ではなく、霊的な状態を指します。


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

イスラエル
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

イスラエルの
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

遊女
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

帰る
聖書の中には、人々が後ろを向いたり、振り返ったり、戻ったりすることを描写している例がたくさんあります。ほとんどの場合、それは否定的なものであり、時には壊滅的なものでもあります(ロトの妻がソドムの破壊を振り返ったとき、塩の柱になったように)。一般的には、これは私たちが新しい精神的なレベルに進んでいて、古いものの快適さと容易さを望んでいる自分自身を見つけるときの私たちの状態を表しています - 戻ることは、以前の劣った段階に戻ることを表しています。 返す」という意味は、物と結びつくとより文字通りの意味になります。誰かが何かを取り返したり、何かを与えたりしたとき、精神的な意味は、ほとんどの場合、問題となっているオブジェクトとその行為を行っている人々に集中しています。

悲しみ
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.


'Unclothed' signifies being deprived of the truths of faith.


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

住む
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...


Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

与える
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


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