ヨシュア記 16

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口語訳聖書         

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1 ヨセフの孫が、くじによって獲た地の境は、エリコのほとりのヨルダン、すなわちエリコのの東から起って、荒野に延び、エリコから地に上っている荒野を経て、ベテルに至り、

2 ベテルからルズにおもむき、アルキびとの領地であるアタロテに進み、

3 西に下ってヤフレテびとの領地に達し、下ベテホロンの地域に及び、ゲゼルに達し、に至って尽きる。

4 こうしてヨセフの孫のマナセと、エフライムとは、その嗣業を受けた。

5 エフライムの孫が、その家族にしたがって獲た地の境は、次のとおりである。彼らの嗣業の東の境は、アタロテ・アダルであって、上ベテホロンに達し、

6 その境は、その所からに及ぶ。にはミクメタテがあり、東ではその境はタアナテシロで曲り、進んでヤノアの東に至り、

7 ヤノアからアタロテとナアラに下り、エリコに達し、ヨルダンに至って尽きる。

8 タップアからその境は西に進んで、カナのに達し、に至って尽きる。これはエフライムの孫の部族が、その家族にしたがって獲た嗣業である。

9 このほかにマナセ孫の嗣業のうちにも、エフライムの孫のために分け与えられた々があって、そのすべての々と、それに属する々を獲た。

10 ただし、ゲゼルに住むカナンびとを、追い払わなかったので、カナンびとは今日までエフライムの中に住み、奴隷となって追い使われている。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 16      

Joshua 16: The territories of Joseph’s sons, Ephraim and Manasseh.

Chapter 16 tells about the land given to the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph. Only Ephraim’s territory is covered in this chapter; Manasseh’s territory is discussed in Joshua 17.

The first three verses describe Ephraim and Manasseh’s territories as one large area. Half of Manasseh had already been given land on the other side of the River Jordan, (see Joshua 13 for more). Together, Ephraim and (the second half of) Manasseh’s territory is in the center of the land west of the Jordan.

This seems to suggest that the spiritual meaning of those two tribes is of major importance for us. Ephraim, Joseph’s younger son, stands for our understanding of the Lord’s truths, while Manasseh, the older son, stands for the good which these truths lead us to do (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8399).

It is a spiritual truth that we need an understanding of what is true - in the Word, and about the Lord - before we can begin to do what is genuinely good. Yet it is good which is the most important thing in our spiritual life, so this is really the first in importance (see Swedenborg’s True Christian Religion 336[2]).

This ‘switch’ is reflected in Genesis chapter 48, when Joseph takes his two sons to his dying father, Israel, for him to bless them. But Israel (Jacob) blesses younger Ephraim first, and Manasseh second; he reverses the order of their birth. For us, it is important to see that both good and truth combined are essential, each for the sake of the other. The tribes’ central location in the Land of Canaan and adjoining territories illustrate this point.

Verse 9 brings out this unity even further. It says: “The separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.” Not only were the two territories adjacent, but they overlapped, with separate cities for Ephraim being among the territory of Manasseh. Truth and good are partnered in a kind of marriage together (read Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 33).

The last verse of this short chapter raises another interesting point, which has been mentioned previously: while Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, there were places where the people of Canaan still lived among the Israelites. Verse 10 states: “And they did not drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day and have become forced labourers.”

We came across a similar situation in Joshua 9 with the Gibeonites, who made a treaty with Israel but became woodcutters and watercarriers to serve Israel. The meaning for us is that the lower or more outward, natural things of life are there to serve our spiritual life. They are not to be destroyed, because natural life is the arena in which we live out the beliefs and values that form our spiritual life (True Christian Religion 339).

The Canaanites in Gezer, who were forced to work for the Ephraimites, represent our lower nature. It is still active in us at times, rising up, showing itself, but we realize that this takes place so that it works for our spiritual growth and regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 5947).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431

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荒野
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ベテル
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ルズ
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.


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ヨルダン
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家族
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マナセ
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.


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住む
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エフライム
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エフライムの
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