Numeri 32

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1 Or i figliuoli di Ruben e i figliuoli di Gad aveano del bestiame in grandissimo numero; e quando videro che il paese di Iazer e il paese di Galaad erano luoghi da bestiame,

2 i figliuoli di Gad e i figliuoli di Ruben vennero a parlare a Mosè, al sacerdote Eleazar e ai principi della raunanza, e dissero:

3 "Ataroth, Dibon, Iazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo e Beon,

4 terre che l’Eterno ha colpite dinanzi alla raunanza d’Israele, sono terre da bestiame, e i tuoi servi hanno del bestiame".

5 E dissero ancora: "Se abbiam trovato grazia agli occhi tuoi, sia concesso ai tuoi servi il possesso di questo paese, e non ci far passare il Giordano".

6 Ma Mosè rispose ai figliuoli di Gad e ai figliuoli di Ruben: "Andrebbero eglino i vostri fratelli alla guerra e voi ve ne stareste qui?

7 E perché volete scoraggiare i figliuoli d’Israele dal passare nei paese che l’Eterno ha loro dato?

8 Così fecero i vostri padri, quando li mandai da Kades-Barnea per esplorare il paese.

9 Salirono fino alla valle d’Eshcol; e dopo aver esplorato il paese, scoraggiarono i figliuoli d’Israele dall’entrare nel paese che l’Eterno avea loro dato.

10 E l’ira dell’Eterno s’accese in quel giorno, ed egli giurò dicendo:

11 Gli uomini che son saliti dall’Egitto, dall’età di vent’anni in su non vedranno mai il paese che promisi con giuramento ad Abrahamo, a Isacco ed a Giacobbe, perché non m’hanno seguitato fedelmente,

12 salvo Caleb, figliuolo di Gefunne, il Kenizeo, e Giosuè, figliuolo di Nun, che hanno seguitato l’Eterno fedelmente.

13 E l’ira dell’Eterno si accese contro Israele; ed ei lo fece andar vagando per il deserto durante quarant’anni, finché tutta la generazione che avea fatto quel male agli occhi dell’Eterno, fosse consumata.

14 Ed ecco che voi sorgete al posto de’ vostri padri, razza d’uomini peccatori, per rendere l’ira dell’Eterno anche più ardente contro Israele.

15 Perché, se voi vi sviate da lui, egli continuerà a lasciare Israele nel deserto, e voi farete perire tutto questo popolo".

16 Ma quelli s’accostarono a Mosè e gli dissero: "Noi edificheremo qui dei recinti per il nostro bestiame, e delle città per i nostri figliuoli;

17 ma, quanto a noi, ci terremo pronti, in armi, per marciare alla testa de’ figliuoli d’Israele, finché li abbiam condotti ai luogo destinato loro; intanto, i nostri figliuoli dimoreranno nelle città forti a cagione degli abitanti del paese.

18 Non torneremo alle nostre case finché ciascuno de’ figliuoli d’Israele non abbia preso possesso della sua eredità;

19 e non possederemo nulla con loro al di là del Giordano e più oltre, giacché la nostra eredità ci è toccata da questa parte dei Giordano, a oriente".

20 E Mosè disse loro: "Se fate questo, se vi armate per andare a combattere davanti all’Eterno,

21 se tutti quelli di voi che s’armeranno passeranno il Giordano davanti all’Eterno finch’egli abbia cacciato i suoi nemici dal suo cospetto,

22 e se non tornate che quando il paese vi sarà sottomesso davanti all’Eterno, voi non sarete colpevoli di fronte all’Eterno e di fronte a Israele, e questo paese sarà vostra proprietà davanti all’Eterno.

23 Ma, se non fate così, voi avrete peccato contro l’Eterno; e sappiate che il vostro peccato vi ritroverà.

24 Edificatevi delle città per i vostri figliuoli e dei recinti per i vostri greggi, e fate quello che la vostra bocca ha proferito".

25 E i figliuoli di Gad e i figliuoli di Ruben parlarono a Mosè, dicendo: "I tuoi servi faranno quello che il mio signore comanda.

26 I nostri fanciulli, le nostre mogli, i nostri greggi e tutto il nostro bestiame rimarranno qui nelle città di Galaad;

27 ma i tuoi servi, tutti quanti armati per la guerra, andranno a combattere davanti all’Eterno, come dice il mio signore".

28 Allora Mosè dette per loro degli ordini al sacerdote Eleazar, a Giosuè figliuolo di Nun e ai capi famiglia delle tribù de’ figliuoli d’Israele.

29 Mosè disse loro: "Se i figliuoli di Gad e i figliuoli di Ruben passano con voi il Giordano tutti armati per combattere davanti all’Eterno, e se il paese sarà sottomesso davanti a voi, darete loro come proprietà il paese di Galaad.

30 Ma se non passano armati con voi, avranno la loro proprietà tra voi nel paese di Canaan".

31 E i figliuoli di Gad e i figliuoli di Ruben risposero dicendo: "Faremo come l’Eterno ha detto ai tuoi servi.

32 Passeremo in armi, davanti all’Eterno, nel paese di Canaan; ma il possesso della nostra eredità resti per noi di qua dal Giordano".

33 Mosè dunque dette ai figliuoli di Gad, ai figliuoli di Ruben e alla metà della tribù di Manasse, figliuolo di Giuseppe, il regno di Sihon, re degli Amorei, e il regno di Og, re di Basan: il paese, le sue città e i territori delle città del paese all’intorno.

34 E i figliuoli di Gad edificarono Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer, Atroth-Shofan,

35 Iazer, Iogbehah,

36 Beth-Nimra e Beth-Haran, città fortificate, e fecero de’ recinti per i greggi.

37 E i figliuoli di Ruben edificarono Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim, Nebo e Baal-Meon,

38 i cui nomi furon mutati, e Sibmah, e dettero dei nomi alle città che edificarono.

39 E i figliuoli di Makir, figliuolo di Manasse, andarono nel paese di Galaad, lo presero, e ne cacciarono gli Amorei che vi stavano.

40 Mosè dunque dette Galaad a Makir, figliuolo di Manasse, che vi si stabilì.

41 Iair, figliuolo di Manasse, andò anch’egli e prese i loro borghi, e li chiamò Havvoth-Iair.

42 E Nobah andò e prese Kenath co’ suoi villaggi, e le diede il suo nome di Nobah.

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Explanation of Numbers 32      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-4. The perception of the natural man from the Lord or the perception of those who are in faith and good works in the external church, that various truths, which have been applied to selfish purposes, are to be rendered useful to the man of the church.

Verse 5. They perceive also that the delights of the external man are to be kept distinct from those of the internal man.

Verses 6-15. But Divine Truth teaches that the spiritual man cannot engage successfully in temptation without the co-operation of the natural man; that the separated natural man hinders and opposes the progress of the spiritual towards the heavenly life, either causing a long series of temptations, or condemnations and vastation, and that therefore a caution is necessary to the natural man who desires to enjoy his own peculiar delights.

Verses 16-32. But the new natural man is willing to co-operate with the spiritual man in the subjugation of evil, while still desiring to live his own life distinctly; and this is agreeable to Divine Truth, to Divine Good, and to the primary truths of the church.

Verses 33-38. And hence it actually happens that those who are in good works, and those who are in faith, in the external church come into the possession of the natural powers establishing themselves in doctrines of good and truth according te their requirements.

Verses 39-42. And hence, too, it follows that the new will of good is firmly established in the inmost of the natural man; the general evil principle being expelled; the interior natural is enlightened and confirmed in Divine Truths; and even the sensual man shares in the purification.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 434, 435

Apocalypse Revealed 352


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 730, 2280, 4117, 4759, 9437, 10076, 10225


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 440, 633, 654

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Významy biblických slov

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

bestiame
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

iazer
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

parlare
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

heshbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

terre
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

trovato
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

giordano
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

giurò
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

giuramento
'To sware' is a binding.

Abrahamo
Abramo (o Abram, come viene chiamato all'inizio della sua storia) è uno dei personaggi principali della storia delle Sacre Scritture. Fu l'antenato di tutti i...

Isacco
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

giacobbe
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

generazione
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

male
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

case
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

peccato
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

bocca
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

signore
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

comanda
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

mogli
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

greggi
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ordini
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

tribù
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

metà
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Giuseppe
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

nomi
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Sibmah
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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