Giudici 5

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1 In quel giorno, Debora cantò questo cantico con Barak, figliuolo di Abinoam:

2 "Perché dei capi si son messi alla testa del popolo in Israele, perché il popolo s’è mostrato volenteroso, benedite l’Eterno!

3 Ascoltate, o re! Porgete orecchio, o principi! All’Eterno, sì, io canterò, salmeggerò all’Eterno, all’Iddio d’Israele.

4 O Eterno, quand’uscisti da Seir, quando venisti dai campi di Edom, la terra tremò, ed anche i cieli si sciolsero, anche le nubi si sciolsero in acqua.

5 I monti furono scossi per la presenza dell’Eterno, anche il Sinai, là, fu scosso dinanzi all’Eterno, all’Iddio d’Israele.

6 Ai giorni di Shamgar, figliuolo di Anath, ai giorni di Jael, le strade erano abbandonate, e i viandanti seguivan sentieri tortuosi.

7 I capi mancavano in Israele; mancavano, finché non sorsi io, Debora, finché non sorsi io, come una madre in Israele.

8 Si sceglievan de’ nuovi dèi, e la guerra era alle porte. Si scorgeva forse uno scudo, una lancia, fra quaranta mila uomini d’Israele?

9 Il mio cuore va ai condottieri d’Israele! O voi che v’offriste volenterosi fra il popolo, benedite l’Eterno!

10 Voi che montate asine bianche, voi che sedete su ricchi tappeti, e voi che camminate per le vie, cantate!

11 Lungi dalle grida degli arcieri là tra gli abbeveratoi, si celebrino gli atti di giustizia dell’Eterno, gli atti di giustizia de’ suoi capi in Israele! Allora il popolo dell’Eterno discese alle porte.

12 Dèstati, dèstati, o Debora! dèstati, dèstati, sciogli un canto! Lèvati, o Barak, e prendi i tuoi prigionieri, o figlio d’Abinoam!

13 Allora scese un residuo, alla voce dei nobili scese un popolo, l’Eterno scese con me fra i prodi.

14 Da Efraim vennero quelli che stanno sul monte Amalek; al tuo séguito venne Beniamino fra le tue genti; da Makir scesero de’ capi, e da Zabulon quelli che portano il bastone del comando.

15 I principi d’Issacar furon con Debora; quale fu Barak, tale fu Issacar, si slanciò nella valle sulle orme di lui. Presso i rivi di Ruben, grandi furon le risoluzioni del cuore!

16 Perché sei tu rimasto fra gli ovili ad ascoltare il flauto dei pastori? Presso i rivi di Ruben, grandi furon le deliberazioni del cuore!

17 Galaad non ha lasciato la sua dimora di là dal Giordano; e Dan perché s’è tenuto sulle sue navi? Ascer è rimasto presso il lido del mare, e s’è riposato ne’ suoi porti.

18 Zabulon è un popolo che ha esposto la sua vita alla morte, e Neftali, anch’egli, sulle alture della campagna.

19 I re vennero, pugnarono; allora pugnarono i re di Canaan a Taanac, presso le acque di Meghiddo; non ne riportarono un pezzo d’argento.

20 Dai cieli si combatté: gli astri, nel loro corso, combatteron contro Sisera.

21 Il torrente di Kison li travolse, l’antico torrente, il torrente di Kison. Anima mia, avanti, con forza!

22 Allora gli zoccoli de’ cavalli martellavano il suolo, al galoppo, al galoppo de’ lor guerrieri in fuga.

23 "Maledite Meroz", dice l’angelo dell’Eterno; "maledite, maledite i suoi abitanti, perché non vennero in soccorso dell’Eterno, in soccorso dell’Eterno insieme coi prodi!"

24 Benedetta sia fra le donne Jael, moglie di Heber, il Keneo! Fra le donne che stan sotto le tende, sia ella benedetta!

25 Egli chiese dell’acqua, ed ella gli diè del latte; in una coppa d’onore gli offerse della crema.

26 Con una mano, diè di piglio al piuolo; e, con la destra, al martello degli operai; colpì Sisera, gli spaccò la testa, gli fracassò, gli trapassò le tempie.

27 Ai piedi d’essa ei si piegò, cadde, giacque disteso; a’ piedi d’essa si piegò, e cadde; là dove si piegò, cadde esanime.

28 La madre di Sisera guarda per la finestra, e grida a traverso l’inferriata: "Perché il suo carro sta tanto a venire? perché son così lente le ruote de’ suoi carri?"

29 Le più savie delle sue dame le rispondono, ed ella pure replica a se stessa:

30 "Non trovan bottino? non se lo dividono? Una fanciulla, due fanciulle per ognuno; a Sisera un bottino di vesti variopinte; un bottino di vesti variopinte e ricamate, di vesti variopinte e ricamate d’ambo i lati per le spalle del vincitore!"

31 Così periscano tutti i tuoi nemici, o Eterno! E quei che t’amano sian come il sole quando si leva in tutta la sua forza!" Ed il paese ebbe requie per quarant’anni.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 32:4, 35:22, 23, 24, 25

Esodo 15:1, 9

Levitico 26:22

Numeri 32:1, 6, 39

Deuteronomio 7:9, 32:17, 33:2

Joshua 10:10, 11, 12:21, 17:11

Giudici 2:12, 3:11, 31, 4:4, 17, 8:5, 6, 8, 10:4, 12:14, 15, 21:8

1 Samuel 13:19

2 Samuel 18:32, 22:1, 8, 23:4

2 Cronache 15:5, 17:16

Salmi 19:6, 57:9, 68:9, 13, 71:15, 83:10, 92:10, 97:5, 103:2, 110:3, 146:2

Proverbi 4:18, 7:6

Cantico di Salomone 2:9

Isaiah 9:2, 33:8, 63:19

Geremia 19:4, 48:10

Daniel 12:3

Micah 1:4

Nahum 5

Matteo 13:43

Luca 1:28, 42

1 Corinzi 2:9

Rivelazione 12:11, 16:16

Významy biblických slov

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

cieli
I cieli sono cose celesti e spirituali. Di conseguenza, sono le cose più profonde, sia del regno del Signore nei cieli che della terra. Questo...

acqua
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

monti
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Sinai
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

strade
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

guerra
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

scudo
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

quaranta
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mila
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

giustizia
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

figlio
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

principi
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

d’issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

ascoltare
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

dimora
'Inhabit' refers to good.

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

navi
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

neftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

meghiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

argento
'Money' relates to truth.

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

torrente
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

anima
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

forza
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

cavalli
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

angelo
'A messenger' signifies communication.

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

tende
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

latte
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

crema
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

testa
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

piedi
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

La madre di
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

finestra
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

venire
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

bottino
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

vesti
'Robes,' as in Revelation 7, signify truths of defense. Before they were washed they signified falsities. People in falsities from ignorance in the spiritual world,...

lati
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

sole
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

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