Giudici 3

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1 Or queste son le nazioni che l’Eterno lasciò stare affin di mettere per mezzo d’esse alla prova Israele, cioè tutti quelli che non avean visto le guerre di Canaan.

2 (Egli volea soltanto che le nuove generazioni de’ figliuoli d’Israele conoscessero e imparassero la guerra: quelli, per lo meno, che prima non l’avean mai vista):

3 i cinque principi dei Filistei, tutti i Cananei, i Sidoni, e gli Hivvei, che abitavano la montagna del Libano, dal monte Baal-Hermon fino all’ingresso di Hamath.

4 Queste nazioni servirono a mettere Israele alla prova, per vedere se Israele ubbidirebbe ai comandamenti che l’Eterno avea dati ai loro padri per mezzo di Mosè.

5 Così i figliuoli d’Israele abitarono in mezzo ai Cananei, agli Hittei, agli Amorei, ai Ferezei, agli Hivvei ed ai Gebusei;

6 sposarono le loro figliuole, maritaron le proprie figliuole coi loro figliuoli, e servirono ai loro dèi.

7 I figliuoli d’Israele fecero ciò ch’è male agli occhi dell’Eterno; dimenticarono l’Eterno, il loro Dio, e servirono agl’idoli di Baal e d’Astarte.

8 Perciò l’ira dell’Eterno si accese contro Israele ed egli li diede nelle mani di Cushan-Rishathaim, re di Mesopotamia; e i figliuoli d’Israele furon servi di Cushan-Rishathaim per otto anni.

9 Poi i figliuoli d’Israele gridarono all’Eterno, e l’Eterno suscitò loro un liberatore: Othniel, figliuolo di Kenaz, fratello minore di Caleb; ed egli li liberò.

10 Lo spirito dell’Eterno fu sopra lui, ed egli fu giudice d’Israele; uscì a combattere, e l’Eterno gli diede nelle mani Cushan-Rishathaim, re di Mesopotamia; e la sua mano fu potente contro Cushan-Rishathaim.

11 Il paese ebbe requie per quarant’anni; poi Othniel, figlio di Kenaz, morì.

12 I figliuoli d’Israele continuarono fare ciò ch’è male agli occhi dell’Eterno; e l’Eterno rese forte Eglon, re di Moab, contro Israele, perch’essi avean fatto ciò ch’è male agli occhi dell’Eterno.

13 Ed Eglon radunò attorno a se i figliuoli di Ammon e di Amalek, e andò e batté Israele e s’impadronì della città delle palme.

14 E i figliuoli d’Israele furon servi di Eglon, re di Moab, per diciotto anni.

15 Ma i figliuoli d’Israele gridarono all’Eterno, ed egli suscitò loro un liberatore: Ehud, figliuolo di Ghera, Beniaminita, che era mancino. I figliuoli d’Israele mandarono per mezzo di lui un regalo a Eglon, re di Moab.

16 Ehud si fece una spada a due tagli, lunga un cubito; e se la cinse sotto la veste, al fianco destro.

17 E offrì il regalo a Eglon, re di Moab, ch’era uomo molto grasso.

18 E quand’ebbe finita la presentazione del regalo, rimandò la gente che l’avea portato.

19 Ma egli, giunto alla cava di pietre ch’è presso a Ghilgal, tornò indietro, e disse: "O re, io ho qualcosa da dirti in segreto". E il re disse: "Silenzio!" E tutti quelli che gli stavan dappresso, uscirono.

20 Allora Ehud s’accostò al re, che stava seduto nella sala disopra, riservata a lui solo per prendervi il fresco, e gli disse: "Ho una parola da dirti da parte di Dio". Quegli s’alzò dal suo seggio:

21 e Ehud, stesa la mano sinistra, trasse la spada dal suo fianco destro, e gliela piantò nel ventre.

22 Anche l’elsa entrò dopo la lama, e il grasso si rinchiuse attorno alla lama; poich’egli non gli ritirò dal ventre la spada, che gli usciva per di dietro.

23 Poi Ehud uscì nel portico, chiuse le porte della sala disopra, e mise i chiavistelli.

24 Or quando fu uscito, vennero i servi, i quali guardarono, ed ecco che le porte della sala disopra eran chiuse a chiavistello; e dissero: "Certo egli fa i suoi bisogni nello stanzino della sala fresca".

25 E tanto aspettarono, che ne furon confusi; e com’egli non apriva le porte della sala, quelli presero la chiave, aprirono, ed ecco che il loro signore era steso per terra, morto.

26 Mentr’essi indugiavano, Ehud si diè alla fuga, passò oltre le cave di pietra, e si mise in salvo nella Seira.

27 Arrivato che fu, suonò la tromba nella contrada montuosa di Efraim, e i figliuoli d’Israele scesero con lui dalla contrada montuosa, ed egli si mise alla loro testa.

28 E disse loro: "Seguitemi, perché l’Eterno v’ha dato nelle mani i Moabiti, vostri nemici". E quelli scesero dietro a lui, s’impadronirono de’ guadi del Giordano per impedirne il passo ai Moabiti, e non lasciaron passare alcuno.

29 In quel tempo sconfissero circa diecimila Moabiti, tutti robusti e valorosi; e non ne scampò uno.

30 Così, in quel giorno, Moab fu umiliato sotto la mano d’Israele, e il paese ebbe requie per ottant’anni.

31 Dopo Ehud, venne Shamgar, figliuolo di Anath. Egli sconfisse seicento Filistei con un pungolo da buoi; e anch’egli liberò Israele.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Genesi 24:10

Esodo 34:16

Levitico 26:17

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Deuteronomio 8:11, 14, 18

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1 Re 9:20, 11:3

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2 Cronache 9:24, 15:1

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Osea 6:4

2 Corinzi 14

Významy biblických slov

nazioni
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

guerre
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

generazioni
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

figliuoli
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

cinque
Five also signifies all things of one part.

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

montagna
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Ingresso
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

vedere
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

figliuole
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

male
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

baal
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

mesopotamia
'Mesopotamia' denotes knowledges of truth.

servi
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

otto
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

fratello
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

minore
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

giudice
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

figlio
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Grasso
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

indietro
Ci sono molti esempi nella Bibbia che descrivono persone che tornano indietro, che si guardano indietro o che tornano indietro. Nella maggior parte dei casi...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

seduto
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

parola
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

dopo
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

signore
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

morto
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

tromba
The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

moabiti
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

dietro a
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

diecimila
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

ottant
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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