Giudici 17



1 Or v’era un uomo nella contrada montuosa d’Efraim, che si chiamava Mica.

2 Egli disse a sua madre: "I mille cento sicli d’argento che t’hanno rubato, e a proposito de’ quali hai pronunziato una maledizione, e l’hai pronunziata in mia presenza, ecco, li ho io; quel denaro l’avevo preso io". E sua madre disse: "Benedetto sia dall’Eterno il mio figliuolo!"

3 Egli restituì a sua madre i mille cento sicli d’argento, e sua madre disse: "Io consacro di mano mia quest’argento a pro del mio figliuolo, per farne un’immagine scolpita e un’immagine di getto; or dunque te lo rendo".

4 E quand’egli ebbe restituito l’argento a sua madre, questa prese dugento sicli e li diede al fonditore, il quale ne fece un’immagine scolpita e un’immagine di getto, che furon messe in casa di Mica.

5 E quest’uomo, Mica, ebbe una casa di Dio; e fece un efod e degl’idoli, e consacrò uno de’ suoi figliuoli, che gli servì da sacerdote.

6 In quel tempo non v’era re in Israele; ognuno faceva quel che gli pareva meglio.

7 Or v’era un giovine di Bethlehem di Giuda, della famiglia di Giuda, il quale era un Levita, e abitava quivi.

8 Quest’uomo si partì dalla città di Bethlehem di Giuda, per stabilirsi in luogo che trovasse adatto; e, cammin facendo, giunse nella contrada montuosa di Efraim, alla casa di Mica.

9 Mica gli chiese: "Donde vieni?" Quello gli rispose: "Sono un Levita di Bethlehem di Giuda, e vado a stabilirmi dove troverò un luogo adatto".

10 Mica gli disse: "Rimani con me, e siimi padre e sacerdote; ti darò dieci sicli d’argento all’anno, un vestito completo, e il vitto". E il Levita entrò.

11 Egli acconsentì a stare con quell’uomo, che trattò il giovine come uno de’ suoi figliuoli.

12 Mica consacrò quel Levita; il giovine gli servì da sacerdote, e si stabilì in casa di lui.

13 E Mica disse: "Ora so che l’Eterno mi farà del bene, perché ho un Levita come mio sacerdote".

Exploring the Meaning of Giudici 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Story of Micah’s Idols

In this chapter, the story moves from the various judges of Israel to an anecdote that illustrates the overall worsening spiritual situation in the land. The people turn from the Lord and do more and more wrong among themselves. The last verse of the book of Judges is very telling, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The same words come in the present chapter, in Judges 17:6.

In this story, a man named Micah (not to be confused with the prophet Micah) took a lot of silver money from his mother. He confesses that he did this, and returns the money to her. She says, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” She finds a silversmith to melt down the silver money to make an idol which gets set up in their house. One of Micah’s sons is then appointed as the priest to serve this idol.

The spiritual meaning of this is that an idol of any kind is a falsifying of our own worship and sense of the Lord. An idol is a ‘thing’ in a ‘place’, vested with power, whereas our worship and sense of the Lord is that he is fully everywhere and in everything. (Arcana Caelestia 3479, 3732) The essence of idolatry is that it emphasises external forms with no attention to the place and purpose of internal forms and realities. Our ‘idols’ can be whatever we love or desire or feel is important to us, over and above the Lord.

The story then shifts to a wandering Levite, a priest of Israel, who came from Bethlehem in Judah, and is looking for any place to stay. Israel had appointed six cities for Levites to live in, but this Levite is a wanderer. He eventually meets Micah, who takes him into his house and makes him a paid priest. Micah feels important because of this development.

This part of the story depicts the decline of Israel from its worship of the Lord to a state of allowing anything to be done if it seems right in someone’s eyes. The Levite is a trained priest, trained in the law of Moses, someone who should know the commandments of the Lord and also their prohibitions. This Levite is ‘looking for a place to go to’ which describes his apparent falling away from true priesthood. (See the description in Apocalypse Explained 444, about the Levites, and in Doctrine of Life 39 about priests.)

As well as indicating the extent of the spiritual fall of Israel into idolatry and wrong practices, this chapter representatively describes our own scope for moving away from a genuine worship of the Lord into a worship of ourselves and of the world, and the change that comes within us in doing this. It often changes very gradually and inexorably so that it is imperceptible even to ourselves. This is a danger, and the reason for our self-examination and vigilant care.

The name Micah means, “Who is like Jehovah God?” which is an ironical name for someone who turns away from God to substitute an idol made from silver money, in a completely false worship. In genuine repentance, we may ask, “Who is like Jehovah God?” implying that no one is like God, including ourselves, because we are all involved in wrong feelings, thinking and actions, and we know our need of and dependence on the Lord. (Apocalypse Revealed 531)

It is important to note the mother’s first words, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” saying this for his confession and return of the money. She begins her part in the story with the truest of statements, i.e. that the Lord wants to bless us, even while she may just be glad to have all her money back.

“Silver” in the Word can mean truths, truths of faith and truth of good, but in an opposite sense, when used dishonestly, it means falsities. (Arcana Caelestia 1551)

    Studovat vnitřní smysl