Giudici 16

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1 E Sansone andò a Gaza, vide quivi una meretrice, ed entrò da lei.

2 Fu detto a que’ di Gaza: "Sansone è venuto qua". Ed essi lo circondarono, stettero in agguato tutta la notte presso la porta della città, e tutta quella notte se ne stettero queti dicendo: "Allo spuntar del giorno l’uccideremo".

3 E Sansone si giacque fino a mezzanotte; e a mezzanotte si levò, diè di piglio ai battenti della porta della città e ai due stipiti, li divelse insieme con la sbarra, se li mise sulle spalle, e li portò in cima al monte ch’è dirimpetto a Hebron.

4 Dopo questo, s’innamorò di una donna della valle di Sorek, che si chiamava Delila.

5 E i principi de’ Filistei salirono da lei e le dissero: "Lusingalo e vedi dove risieda quella sua gran forza, e come potremmo prevalere contro di lui per giungere a legarlo e a domarlo; e ti daremo ciascuno mille e cento sicli d’argento".

6 Delila dunque disse a Sansone: "Dimmi, ti prego, dove risieda la tua gran forza, e in che modo ti si potrebbe legare per domarti".

7 Sansone le rispose: "Se mi si legasse con sette corde d’arco fresche, non ancora secche, io diventerei debole e sarei come un uomo qualunque".

8 Allora i principi de’ Filistei le portarono sette corde d’arco fresche, non ancora secche, ed ella lo legò con esse.

9 Or c’era gente che stava in agguato, da lei, in una camera interna. Ed ella gli disse: "Sansone, i Filistei ti sono addosso!" Ed egli ruppe le corde come si rompe un fil di stoppa quando sente il fuoco. Così il segreto della sua forza restò sconosciuto.

10 Poi Delila disse a Sansone: "Ecco tu m’hai beffata e m’hai detto delle bugie; or dunque, ti prego, dimmi con che ti si potrebbe legare".

11 Egli le rispose: "Se mi si legasse con funi nuove che non fossero ancora state adoperate, io diventerei debole e sarei come un uomo qualunque".

12 Delila prese dunque delle funi nuove, lo legò, e gli disse: "Sansone, i Filistei ti sono addosso". L’agguato era posto nella camera interna. Ed egli ruppe, come un filo, le funi che aveva alle braccia.

13 Delila disse a Sansone: "Fino ad ora tu m’hai beffata e m’hai detto delle bugie; dimmi con che ti si potrebbe legare". Ed egli le rispose: "Non avresti che da tessere le sette trecce del mio capo col tuo ordìto".

14 Essa le fissò al subbio, poi gli disse: "Sansone, i Filistei ti sono addosso". Ma, egli si svegliò dal sonno, e strappò via il subbio del telaio con l’ordìto.

15 Ed ella gli disse: "Come fai a dirmi: T’amo! mentre il tuo cuore non è con me? Già tre volte m’hai beffata, e non m’hai detto dove risiede la tua gran forza".

16 Or avvenne che, premendolo ella ogni giorno con le sue parole e tormentandolo, egli se ne accorò mortalmente,

17 e le aperse tutto il cuor suo e le disse: "Non è mai passato rasoio sulla mia testa, perché sono un nazireo, consacrato a Dio, dal seno di mia madre; se fossi tosato, la mia forza se ne andrebbe, diventerei debole, e sarei come un uomo qualunque".

18 Delila, visto ch’egli le aveva aperto tutto il cuor suo, mandò a chiamare i principi de’ Filistei, e fece dir loro: "Venite su, questa volta, perché egli m’ha aperto tutto il suo cuore". Allora i principi dei Filistei salirono da lei, e portaron seco il danaro.

19 Ed ella lo addormentò sulle sue ginocchia, chiamò l’uomo fissato, e gli fece tosare le sette trecce della testa di Sansone; così giunse a domarlo; e la sua forza si partì da lui.

20 Allora ella gli disse: "Sansone, i Filistei ti sono addosso". Ed egli, svegliatosi dal sonno, disse: "Io ne uscirò come le altre volte, e mi svincolerò". Ma non sapeva che l’Eterno s’era ritirato da lui.

21 E i Filistei lo presero e gli cavaron gli occhi; lo fecero scendere a Gaza, e lo legarono con catene di rame. Ed egli girava la macina nella prigione.

22 Intanto, la capigliatura che gli avean tosata, cominciava a ricrescergli.

23 Or i principi dei Filistei si radunarono per offrire un gran sacrifizio a Dagon, loro dio, e per rallegrarsi. Dicevano: "Il nostro dio ci ha dato nelle mani Sansone, nostro nemico".

24 E quando il popolo lo vide, cominciò a lodare il suo dio e a dire: "Il nostro dio ci ha dato nelle mani il nostro nemico, colui che ci devastava il paese e che ha ucciso tanti di noi".

25 E nella gioia del cuor loro, dissero: "Chiamate Sansone, che ci faccia divertire!" Fecero quindi uscir Sansone dalla prigione, ed egli si mise a fare il buffone in loro presenza. Lo posero fra le colonne;

26 e Sansone disse al fanciullo, che lo teneva per la mano: "Lasciami, ch’io possa toccar le colonne sulle quali posa la casa, e m’appoggi ad esse".

27 Or la casa era piena d’uomini e di donne; e tutti i principi de’ Filistei eran quivi; e c’eran sul tetto circa tremila persone, fra uomini e donne, che stavano a guardare mentre Sansone faceva il buffone.

28 Allora Sansone invocò, l’Eterno e disse: "O Signore, o Eterno, ti prego, ricordati di me! Dammi forza per questa volta soltanto, o Dio, perch’io mi vendichi in un colpo solo de’ Filistei, per la perdita de’ miei due occhi".

29 E Sansone abbracciò le due colonne di mezzo, sulle quali posava la casa; s’appoggiò ad esse: all’una con la destra, all’altra con la sinistra, e disse:

30 "Ch’io muoia insieme coi Filistei!" Si curvò con tutta la sua forza, e la casa rovinò addosso ai principi e a tutto il popolo che v’era dentro; talché più ne uccise egli morendo, che non ne avea uccisi da vivo.

31 Poi i suoi fratelli e tutta la casa di suo padre scesero e lo portaron via; quindi risalirono, e lo seppellirono fra Tsorea ed Eshtaol nel sepolcro di Manoah suo padre. Egli era stato giudice d’Israele per venti anni.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 5247, 9836

Dottrina sulla Sacra Scrittura 49

True Christian Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

Sansone
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

è venuto
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

notte
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

porta
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

mezzanotte
'Midnight,' as in Exodus 11:4, signifies total devastation from a state of mere falsities.

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

donna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

argento
'Money' relates to truth.

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

legare
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

bugie
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

braccia
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

tessere
'Woven,' as in Exodus 28:32, signifies the celestial degree, or what relates to the will, because the will flows into the understanding and forms it.

sonno
In a general sense, sleeping in the Bible represents a state of obscurity about spiritual matters, a state in which you are not recognizing things...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

cuore
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

tre volte
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

aperse
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

testa
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

visto
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Aperto
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

ha aperto
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

danaro
'Money' relates to truth.

ginocchia
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

scendere
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

di rame
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

rame
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

macina
‘To grind’ is to collect and learn the things that are serviceable to faith.

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

nemico
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

chiamate
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

donne
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

tetto
The roof of a house is its highest point, and the part most exposed to the sun. So it makes sense that in the Bible,...

signore
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mezzo
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sepolcro
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

giudice
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

venti
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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