Giudici 14

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1 Sansone scese a Timnah, e vide quivi una donna tra le figliuole de’ Filistei.

2 Tornato a casa, ne parlò a suo padre e a sua madre, dicendo: "Ho veduto a Timnah una donna tra le figliuole de’ Filistei; or dunque, prendetemela per moglie".

3 Suo padre e sua madre gli dissero: "Non v’è egli dunque tra le figliuole de’ tuoi fratelli e in tutto il nostro popolo una donna per te, che tu vada a prenderti una moglie tra i Filistei incirconcisi?" E Sansone rispose a suo padre: "Prendimi quella, poiché mi piace".

4 Or suo padre e sua madre non sapevano che questo veniva dall’Eterno, poiché Sansone cercava che i Filistei gli fornissero un’occasione di contesa. In quel tempo, i Filistei dominavano Israele.

5 Poi Sansone scese con suo padre e con sua madre a Timnah; e come furon giunti alle vigne di Timnah, ecco un leoncello farglisi incontro, ruggendo.

6 Lo spirito dell’Eterno investì Sansone, che, senz’aver niente in mano, squarciò il leone, come uno squarcerebbe un capretto; ma non disse nulla a suo padre né a sua madre di ciò che avea fatto.

7 E scese, parlò alla donna, e questa gli piacque.

8 Di lì a qualche tempo, tornò per prenderla, e uscì di strada per vedere il carcame del leone; ed ecco, nel corpo del leone c’era uno sciame d’api e del miele.

9 Egli prese in mano di quel miele, e si mise a mangiarlo per istrada; e quando ebbe raggiunto suo padre e sua madre, ne diede loro, ed essi ne mangiarono; ma non disse loro che avea preso il miele dal corpo del leone.

10 Suo padre scese a trovar quella donna, e Sansone fece quivi un convito; perché tale era il costume dei giovani.

11 Non appena i parenti della sposa videro Sansone, invitarono trenta compagni perché stessero con lui.

12 Sansone disse loro: "Io vi proporrò un enimma; e se voi me lo spiegate entro i sette giorni del convito, e se l’indovinate, vi darò trenta tuniche e trenta mute di vesti;

13 ma, se non me lo potete spiegare, darete trenta tuniche e trenta mute di vesti a me".

14 E quelli gli risposero: "Proponi il tuo enimma, e noi l’udremo". Ed egli disse loro: "Dal mangiatore è uscito del cibo, e dal forte e uscito del dolce". Per tre giorni quelli non poterono spiegar l’enimma.

15 E il settimo giorno dissero alla moglie di Sansone: "Induci il tuo marito a spiegarci l’enimma; se no, darem fuoco a te e alla casa di tuo padre. E che? ci avete invitati qui per spogliarci?"

16 La moglie di Sansone si mise a piangere presso di lui, e a dirgli: "Tu non hai per me che dell’odio, e non mi vuoi bene; hai proposto un enimma a figliuoli del mio popolo e non me l’hai spiegato!" Ed egli a lei: "Ecco, non l’ho spiegato a mio padre né a mia madre, e lo spiegherei a te?"

17 Ed ella pianse presso di lui, durante i sette giorni che durava il convito; e il settimo giorno Sansone glielo spiegò, perché lo tormentava; ed essa spiegò l’enimma ai figliuoli del suo popolo.

18 E gli uomini della città, il settimo giorno, prima che tramontasse il sole, dissero a Sansone: "Che v’è di più dolce del miele? e che v’è di più forte del leone?" Ed egli rispose loro: "Se non aveste arato con la mia giovenca, non avreste indovinato il mio enimma".

19 E lo spirito dell’Eterno lo investì, ed egli scese ad Askalon, vi uccise trenta uomini dei loro, prese le loro spoglie, e dette le mute di vesti a quelli che aveano spiegato l’enimma. E, acceso d’ira, risalì a casa di suo padre.

20 Ma la moglie di Sansone fu data al compagno di lui, ch’ei s’era scelto per amico.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4855, 9836


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 619

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Významy biblických slov

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'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

donna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

figliuole
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

filistei
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

madre
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

incirconcisi
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vigne
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

incontro
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mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

disse
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strada
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vedere
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Leone
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

api
A bee (Isa. 7:19) signifies ratiocinations of falsity.

miele
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

trenta
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

Sette
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

vesti
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

marito
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

La moglie di
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

odio
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

settimo
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

ira
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

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