Giudici 11

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Or Jefte, il Galaadita, era un uomo forte e valoroso, figliuolo di una meretrice, e avea Galaad per padre.

2 La moglie di Galaad gli avea dato de’ figliuoli; e quando questi figliuoli della moglie furono grandi, cacciarono Jefte e gli dissero: "Tu non avrai eredità in casa di nostro padre, perché sei figliuolo d’un’altra donna".

3 E Jefte se ne fuggì lungi dai suoi fratelli e si stabilì nel paese di Tob. Degli uomini da nulla si raccolsero attorno a Jefte, e facevano delle incursioni con lui.

4 Qualche tempo dopo avvenne che i figliuoli di Ammon mossero guerra a Israele.

5 E come i figliuoli di Ammon movean guerra a Israele, gli anziani di Galaad andarono a cercare Jefte nel paese di Tob.

6 E dissero a Jefte: "Vieni, sii nostro capitano, e combatteremo contro i figliuoli di Ammon".

7 Ma Jefte rispose agli anziani di Galaad: "Non m’avete voi odiato e cacciato dalla casa di mio padre? Perché venite da me ora che siete nell’angustia?"

8 E gli anziani di Galaad dissero a Jefte: "Appunto per questo torniamo ora da te, onde tu venga con noi e combatta contro i figliuoli di Ammon e tu sia capo di noi tutti abitanti di Galaad".

9 Jefte rispose agli anziani di Galaad: "Se mi riconducete da voi per combattere contro i figliuoli di Ammon, e l’Eterno li in mio potere, io sarò vostro capo".

10 E gli anziani di Galaad dissero a Jefte: "L’Eterno sia testimone fra noi, e ci punisca se non facciamo quello che hai detto".

11 Jefte dunque andò con gli anziani di Galaad; il popolo lo costituì suo capo e condottiero, e Jefte ripeté davanti all’Eterno, a Mitspa, tutte le parole che avea dette prima.

12 Poi Jefte inviò de’ messi al re de’ figliuoli di Ammon per dirgli: "Che questione c’è fra me e te che tu venga contro di me per far guerra al mio paese?"

13 E il re de’ figliuoli di Ammon rispose ai messi di Jefte: "Mi son mosso perché, quando Israele salì dall’Egitto, s’impadronì del mio paese, dall’Arnon fino allo Jabbok e al Giordano; rendimelo all’amichevole".

14 Jefte inviò di nuovo de’ messi al re de’ figliuoli di Ammon per dirgli:

15 "Così dice Jefte: Israele non s’impadronì del paese di Moab, né del paese de’ figliuoli di Ammon;

16 ma, quando Israele salì dall’Egitto e attraversò il deserto fino al mar Rosso e giunse a Kades,

17 inviò de’ messi al re di Edom per dirgli: Ti prego, lasciami passare per il tuo paese; ma il re di Edom non acconsentì. Mandò anche al re di Moab, il quale pure rifiutò; e Israele rimase a Kades.

18 Poi camminò per il deserto, fece il giro del paese di Edom e del paese di Moab, giunse a oriente del paese di Moab, e si accampò di là dall’Arnon, senza entrare nel territorio di Moab; perché l’Arnon segna il confine di Moab.

19 E Israele inviò de’ messi a Sihon, re degli Amorei, re di Heshbon, e gli fe’ dire: Ti preghiamo lasciaci passare dal tuo paese, per arrivare al nostro.

20 Ma Sihon non si fidò d’Israele per permettergli di passare per il suo territorio; anzi Sihon radunò tutta la sua gente, s’accampò a Jahats, e combatté contro Israele.

21 E l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele, diede Sihon e tutta la sua gente nelle mani d’Israele, che li sconfisse; così Israele conquistò tutto il paese degli Amorei, che abitavano quella contrada;

22 conquistò tutto il territorio degli Amorei, dall’Arnon allo Jabbok e dal deserto al Giordano.

23 E ora che l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele, ha cacciato gli Amorei d’innanzi a Israele, ch’è il suo popolo, dovresti tu possedere il loro paese?

24 Non possiedi tu quello che Kemosh, il tuo dio, t’ha fatto possedere? Così anche noi possederemo il paese di quelli che l’Eterno ha cacciati d’innanzi a noi.

25 Sei tu forse da più di Balak, figliuolo di Tsippor, re di Moab? Mosse egli querela ad Israele, o gli fece egli guerra?

26 Son trecent’anni che Israele abita ad Heshbon e nelle città del suo territorio, ad Aroer e nelle città del suo territorio, e in tutte le città lungo l’Arnon; perché non gliele avete tolte durante questo tempo?

27 E io non t’ho offeso, e tu agisci male verso di me, movendomi guerra. L’Eterno, il giudice, giudichi oggi tra i figliuoli d’Israele e i figliuoli di Ammon!"

28 Ma il re de’ figliuoli di Ammon non diede ascolto alle parole che Jefte gli avea fatto dire.

29 Allora lo spirito dell’Eterno venne su Jefte, che attraversò Galaad e Manasse, passò a Mitspa di Galaad, e da Mitspa di Galaad mosse contro i figliuoli di Ammon.

30 E Jefte fece un voto all’Eterno, e disse: "Se tu mi dài nelle mani i figliuoli di Ammon,

31 la persona che uscirà dalle porte di casa mia per venirmi incontro quando tornerò vittorioso dai figliuoli di Ammon, sarà dell’Eterno, e io l’offrirò in olocausto".

32 E Jefte marciò contro i figliuoli di Ammon per far loro guerra, e l’Eterno glieli diede nelle mani.

33 E egli inflisse loro una grandissima sconfitta, da Aroer fin verso Minnith, prendendo loro venti città, e fino ad Abel-Keramim. Così i figliuoli di Ammon furono umiliati dinanzi ai figliuoli d’Israele.

34 Or Jefte se ne tornò a Mitspa, a casa sua; ed ecco uscirgli incontro la sua figliuola, con timpani e danze. Era l’unica sua figlia: non aveva altri figliuoli né altre figliuole.

35 E, come la vide, si stracciò le vesti, e disse: "Ah, figlia mia! tu mi accasci, tu mi accasci; tu sei fra quelli che mi conturbano! poiché io ho dato parola all’Eterno, e non posso ritrarmene".

36 Ella gli disse: "Padre mio, se hai dato parola all’Eterno, fa’ di me secondo quel che hai proferito, giacché l’Eterno t’ha dato di far vendetta de’ figliuoli di Ammon, tuoi nemici".

37 Poi disse a suo padre: "Mi sia concesso questo: lasciami libera per due mesi, ond’io vada e scenda per i monti a piangere la mia verginità con le mie compagne".

38 Egli le rispose: "Va’!" e la lasciò andare per due mesi. Ed ella se ne andò con le sue compagne, e pianse sui monti la sua verginità.

39 Alla fine dei due mesi, ella tornò da suo padre; ed egli fece di lei quello che avea promesso con voto. Ella non avea conosciuto uomo. Di qui venne in Israele

40 l’usanza che le figliuole d’Israele vanno tutti gli anni a celebrar la figliuola di Jefte, il Galaadita, per quattro giorni.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Významy biblických slov

valoroso
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

La moglie di
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

donna
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

fratelli
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

anziani
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

odiato
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

capo
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

parole
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

dice
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

rosso
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

kades
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

confine
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

heshbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

tempo
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

offeso
To do “harm” in the Bible specifically means attacks and injury by evil and falsity against what is good and true. The reverse is never...

male
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

giudice
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

voto
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

venti
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

figliuola
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

danze
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

figlia
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

figliuole
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

vesti
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

nemici
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

mesi
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

monti
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

promesso
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

conosciuto
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

quattro
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

giorni
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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