Giudici 1

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Joshua 24   Giudici 2 →         

1 Dopo la morte di Giosuè, i figliuoli d’Israele consultarono l’Eterno, dicendo: "Chi di noi salirà il primo contro i Cananei a muover loro guerra?"

2 E l’Eterno rispose: "Salirà Giuda; ecco, io ho dato il paese nelle sue mani".

3 Allora Giuda disse a Simeone suo fratello: "Sali meco nel paese che m’è toccato a sorte, e combatteremo contro i Cananei; poi anch’io andrò teco in quello ch’è toccato a te". E Simeone andò con lui.

4 Giuda dunque salì, e l’Eterno diede nelle loro mani i Cananei e i Ferezei; e sconfissero a Bezek diecimila uomini.

5 E, trovato Adoni-Bezek a Bezek, l’attaccarono, e sconfissero i Cananei e i Ferezei.

6 Adoni-Bezek si diè alla fuga; ma essi lo inseguirono, lo presero, e gli tagliarono i pollici delle mani de’ piedi.

7 E Adoni-Bezek disse: "Settanta re, a cui erano stati tagliati i pollici delle mani e de’ piedi raccoglievano gli avanzi del cibo sotto la mia mensa. Quello che ho fatto io, Iddio me lo rende". E lo menarono a Gerusalemme, dove morì.

8 I figliuoli di Giuda attaccarono Gerusalemme, e la presero; passarono gli abitanti a fil di spada e misero la città a fuoco e fiamma.

9 Poi i figliuoli di Giuda scesero a combattere contro i Cananei che abitavano la contrada montuosa, il mezzogiorno e la regione bassa.

10 Giuda marciò contro i Cananei che abitavano a Hebron, (il cui nome era prima Kiriath-Arba) e sconfisse Sceshai, Ahiman e Talmai.

11 Di la marciò contro gli abitanti di Debir, che prima si chiamava Kiriath-Sefer.

12 E Caleb disse: "A chi batterà Kiriath-Sefer e la prenderà io darò in moglie Acsa, mia figliuola".

13 La prese Othniel, figliuolo di Kenaz, fratello minore di Caleb, e questi gli diede in moglie Acsa sua figliuola.

14 E quand’ella venne a star con lui, lo persuase a chiedere un campo al padre di lei. Essa scese di sull’asino, e Caleb le disse: "Che vuoi?"

15 E quella rispose: "Fammi un dono; giacché tu m’hai data una terra arida dammi anche delle sorgenti d’acqua". Ed egli le donò le sorgenti superiori e le sorgenti sottostanti.

16 Or i figliuoli del Keneo, suocero di Mosè, salirono dalla città delle palme, coi figliuoli di Giuda, nel deserto di Giuda, che è a mezzogiorno di Arad; andarono, e si stabilirono fra il popolo.

17 Poi Giuda partì con Simeone suo fratello, e sconfissero i Cananei che abitavano in Tsefath; distrussero interamente la città, che fu chiamata Hormah.

18 Giuda prese anche Gaza col suo territorio, Askalon col suo territorio ed Ekron col suo territorio.

19 L’Eterno fu con Giuda, che cacciò gli abitanti della contrada montuosa, ma non poté cacciare gli abitanti della valle, perché aveano de’ carri di ferro.

20 E, come Mosè avea detto, Hebron fu data a Caleb, che ne scacciò i tre figliuoli di Anak.

21 I figliuoli di Beniamino non cacciarono i Gebusei che abitavano Gerusalemme; e i Gebusei hanno abitato coi figliuoli di Beniamino in Gerusalemme fino al dì d’oggi.

22 La casa di Giuseppe salì anch’essa contro Bethel, e l’Eterno fu con loro.

23 La casa di Giuseppe mandò ad esplorare Bethel, città che prima si chiamava Luz.

24 E gli esploratori videro un uomo che usciva dalla città, e gli dissero: "Deh, insegnaci la via per entrare nella città, e noi ti tratteremo benignamente".

25 Egli insegnò loro la via per entrare nella città, ed essi passarono la città a fil di spada, ma lasciarono andare quell’uomo con tutta la sua famiglia.

26 E quell’uomo andò nel paese degli Hittei e vi edificò una città, che chiamò Luz: nome, ch’essa porta anche al dì d’oggi.

27 Manasse pure non cacciò gli abitanti di Beth-Scean e delle città del suo territorio né quelli di Taanac e delle città del suo territorio, né quelli di Dor e delle città del suo territorio, quelli d’Ibleam e delle città del suo territorio, né quelli di Meghiddo e delle città del suo territorio, essendo i Cananei decisi a restare in quel paese.

28 Però, quando Israele si fu rinforzato, assoggettò i Cananei a servitù, ma non li cacciò del tutto.

29 Efraim anch’esso non cacciò i Cananei che abitavano a Ghezer; e i Cananei abitarono in Ghezer in mezzo ad Efraim.

30 Zabulon non cacciò gli abitanti di Kitron, né gli abitanti di Nahalol; e i Cananei abitarono in mezzo a Zabulon e furon soggetti a servitù.

31 Ascer non cacciò gli abitanti di Acco, né gli abitanti di Sidone, né quelli di Ahlab, di Aczib, di Helba, di Afik, di Rehob;

32 e i figliuoli di Ascer si stabilirono in mezzo ai Cananei che abitavano il paese, perché non li scacciarono.

33 Neftali non caccio gli abitanti di Beth-Scemesh, né gli abitanti di Beth-Anath, e si stabilì in mezzo ai Cananei che abitavano il paese; ma gli abitanti di Beth-Scemesh e di Beth-Anath furon da loro sottoposti a servitù.

34 Gli Amorei respinsero i figliuoli di Dan nella contrada montuosa e non li lasciarono scendere nella valle.

35 Gli Amorei si mostrarono decisi a restare a Har-Heres, ad Aialon ed a Shaalbim; ma la mano della casa di Giuseppe si aggravò su loro sì che furon soggetti a servitù.

36 E il confine degli Amorei si estendeva dalla salita di Akrabbim, movendo da Sela, e su verso il nord.

← Joshua 24   Giudici 2 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 9:26, 49:8, 24

Esodo 18:1, 15

Levitico 24:19, 20

Numeri 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Deuteronomio 2:23, 34:3, 4

Joshua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Giudici 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

1 Samuel 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

1 Re 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

2 Re 18:7, 23:29

1 Cronache 2:55

Salmi 106:34

Isaiah 33:1

Geremia 25:20

Zephaniah 3:19

Matteo 7:1, 15:27

Rivelazione 22:12

Významy biblických slov

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Giuda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

dato
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

simeone
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

fratello
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

diecimila
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

uomini
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

trovato
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

piedi
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

gerusalemme
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fuoco
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

prima
Nella maggior parte dei casi, il significato di "prima" è piuttosto semplice, sia come modo di valutare il tempo relativo, sia nel suo uso che...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

moglie
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

figliuola
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

figliuolo
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

minore
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

asino
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

acqua
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

chiamata
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

valle
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ferro
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

beniamino
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

abitato
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Giuseppe
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

bethel
Quando Giacobbe fece il suo famoso sogno, di una scala che portava in cielo, chiamò il luogo "Bethel", che in ebraico significa "la casa di...

luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

uomo
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

famiglia
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

meghiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

neftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

scendere
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

aialon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

mano
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

confine
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: