Joshua 9

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1 Or come tutti i re che erano di qua dal Giordano, nella contrada montuosa e nella pianura e lungo tutta la costa del mar grande dirimpetto al Libano, lo Hitteo, l’Amoreo, il Cananeo, il Ferezeo, lo Hivveo e il Gebuseo ebbero udito queste cose,

2 si adunarono tutti assieme, di comune accordo, per muover guerra a Giosuè e ad Israele.

3 Gli abitanti di Gabaon, dal canto loro, quand’ebbero udito ciò che Giosuè avea fatto a Gerico e ad Ai,

4 procedettero con astuzia: partirono, provvisti di viveri, caricarono sui loro asini dei sacchi vecchi e de’ vecchi otri da vino, rotti e ricuciti;

5 si misero ai piedi de’ calzari vecchi rappezzati, e de’ vecchi abiti addosso; e tutto il pane di cui s’eran provvisti era duro e sbriciolato.

6 Andarono da Giosuè, al campo di Ghilgal, e dissero a lui e alla gente d’Israele: "Noi veniamo di paese lontano; or dunque fate alleanza con Noi".

7 La gente d’Israele rispose a questi Hivvei: "Forse voi abitate in mezzo a noi; come dunque faremmo alleanza con voi?"

8 Ma quelli dissero a Giosuè: "Noi siam tuoi servi!" E Giosuè a loro: "Chi siete? e donde venite?" E quelli gli risposero:

9 "I tuoi servi vengono da un paese molto lontano, tratti dalla fama dell’Eterno, del tuo Dio; poiché abbiam sentito parlare di lui, di tutto quello che ha fatto in Egitto

10 e di tutto quello che ha fatto ai due re degli Amorei di là dal Giordano, a Sihon re di Heshbon e ad Og re di Basan, che abitava ad Astaroth.

11 E i nostri anziani e tutti gli abitanti del nostro paese ci hanno detto: "Prendete con voi delle provviste per il viaggio, andate loro incontro e dite: Noi siamo vostri servi; fate dunque alleanza con Noi.

12 Ecco il nostro pane; lo prendemmo caldo dalle nostre case, come provvista, il giorno che partimmo per venire da voi, e ora eccolo duro e sbriciolato;

13 e questi sono gli otri da vino che empimmo tutti nuovi, ed eccoli rotti; e questi i nostri abiti e i nostri calzari, che si son logorati per la gran lunghezza del viaggio".

14 Allora la gente d’Israele prese delle loro provviste, e non consultò l’Eterno.

15 E Giosuè fece pace con loro e fermò con loro un patto, per il quale avrebbe lasciato loro la vita; e i capi della raunanza lo giuraron loro.

16 Ma tre giorni dopo ch’ebber fermato questo patto, seppero che quelli eran loro vicini e abitavano in mezzo a loro;

17 poiché i figliuoli d’Israele partirono, e giunsero alle loro città il terzo giorno: le loro città erano Gabaon, Kefira, Beeroth e Kiriath-Jearim.

18 Ma i figliuoli d’Israele non li uccisero, a motivo del giuramento che i capi della raunanza avean fatto loro nel nome dell’Eterno, dell’Iddio d’Israele. Però, tutta la raunanza mormorò contro i capi.

19 E tutti i capi dissero all’intera raunanza: "Noi abbiam giurato loro nel nome dell’Eterno, dell’Iddio d’Israele; perciò non li possiamo toccare.

20 Ecco quel che faremo loro: li lasceremo in vita, per non trarci addosso l’ira dell’Eterno, a motivo del giuramento che abbiam fatto loro".

21 I capi dissero dunque: "Essi vivranno!" Ma quelli furono semplici spaccalegna ed acquaioli per tutta la raunanza, come i capi avean loro detto.

22 Giosuè dunque li chiamò e parlò loro così: "Perché ci avete ingannati dicendo: Stiamo molto lontano da voi mentre abitate in mezzo a noi?

23 Or dunque siete maledetti, e non cesserete mai d’essere schiavi, spaccalegna ed acquaioli per la casa del mio Dio".

24 E quelli risposero a Giosuè e dissero: "Era stato espressamente riferito ai tuoi servi che il tuo Dio, l’Eterno, aveva ordinato al suo servo Mosè di darvi tutto il paese e di sterminarne d’innanzi a voi tutti gli abitanti. E noi, al vostro appressarvi, siamo stati in gran timore per le nostre vite, ed abbiamo fatto questo.

25 Ed ora eccoci qui nelle tue mani; trattaci come ti par che sia bene e giusto di fare".

26 Giosuè li trattò dunque così: li liberò dalle mani de’ figliuoli d’Israele, perché questi non li uccidessero;

27 ma in quel giorno li destinò ad essere spaccalegna ed acquaioli per la raunanza e per l’altare dell’Eterno, nel luogo che l’Eterno si sceglierebbe: ed e ciò che fanno anche al dì d’oggi.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

giordano
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

grande
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

libano
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

hitteo
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Hivveo
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

udito
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

abitanti
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

asini
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vino
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

piedi
I nostri piedi sono le parti più basse del nostro corpo, e sono molto utili! Nella Bibbia, i piedi rappresentano la parte più bassa e...

pane
Proprio come il cibo naturale nutre il corpo naturale, così il cibo spirituale nutre il corpo spirituale. E poiché il nostro corpo spirituale è l'espressione...

campo
Gli accampamenti nella Bibbia rappresentano l'ordine spirituale - l'intera collezione di desideri di bene di una persona (o di una comunità ecclesiale) e di idee...

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

sentito
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Egitto
Nella Bibbia, Egitto significa conoscenza e amore della conoscenza. In senso buono questo significa conoscenza della verità dal Signore attraverso la Bibbia, ma in senso...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

heshbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

anziani
Gli anziani sono menzionati nella Bibbia principalmente in due modi: In primo luogo gli anziani di Israele: e in secondo luogo i 24 anziani seduti...

detto
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

incontro
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

case
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

lunghezza
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

giorni
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

città
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

terzo
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

giuramento
'To sware' is a binding.

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

mormorò
'To murmur' denotes complaint and pain from the bitterness of temptation.

giurato
'To sware' is a binding.

toccare
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

parlò
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

casa
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

ordinato
Comandare è dare un ordine che qualcosa deve essere fatto, ed è diretto a un individuo o a un gruppo. È un imperativo, non un...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Mosè di
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

bene
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

altare
Il primo altare menzionato nella Parola fu costruito da Noè dopo che uscì dall'arca. Su quell'altare, egli sacrificò al Signore animali puliti. Le montagne rappresentano...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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