Joshua 5

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Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

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1 Or come tutti i re degli Amorei che erano di là dal Giordano verso occidente e tutti i re dei Cananei che erano presso il mare udirono che l’Eterno aveva asciugate le acque del Giordano davanti ai figliuoli d’Israele finché fossero passati, il loro cuore si strusse e non rimase più in loro alcun coraggio di fronte ai figliuoli d’Israele.

2 In quel tempo, l’Eterno disse a Giosuè: "Fatti de’ coltelli di pietra, e torna di nuovo a circoncidere i figliuoli d’Israele".

3 E Giosuè si fece de’ coltelli di pietra e circoncise i figliuoli d’Israele sul colle d’Araloth.

4 Questo fu il motivo per cui li circoncise: tutti i maschi del popolo uscito dall’Egitto, cioè tutti gli uomini di guerra, erano morti nel deserto durante il viaggio, dopo essere usciti dall’Egitto.

5 Or tutto questo popolo uscito dall’Egitto era circonciso; ma tutto il popolo nato nel deserto durante il viaggio, dopo l’uscita dall’Egitto, non era stato circonciso.

6 Poiché i figliuoli d’Israele avean camminato per quarant’anni nel deserto finché tutta la nazione, cioè tutti gli uomini di guerra ch’erano usciti dall’Egitto, furon distrutti, perché non aveano ubbidito alla voce dell’Eterno. L’Eterno avea loro giurato che non farebbe loro vedere il paese che avea promesso con giuramento ai loro padri di darci: paese ove scorre il latte e il miele;

7 e sostituì a loro i loro figliuoli. E questi Giosuè li circoncise, perché erano incirconcisi, non essendo stati circoncisi durante il viaggio.

8 E quando s’ebbe finito di circoncidere tutta la nazione, quelli rimasero al loro posto nel campo, finché fossero guariti.

9 E l’Eterno disse a Giosuè: "Oggi vi ho tolto di dosso il vituperio dell’Egitto". E quel luogo fu chiamato Ghilgal, nome che dura fino al dì d’Oggi.

10 I figliuoli d’Israele si accamparono a Ghilgal, e celebrarono la Pasqua il quattordicesimo giorno del mese, sulla sera, nelle pianure di Gerico.

11 E l’indomani della Pasqua, in quel preciso giorno, mangiarono dei prodotti del paese: pani azzimi e grano arrostito.

12 E la manna cessò l’indomani del giorno in cui mangiarono de’ prodotti del paese; e i figliuoli d’Israele non ebbero più manna, ma mangiarono, quell’anno stesso, del frutto del paese di Canaan.

13 Or avvenne, come Giosuè era presso a Gerico, ch’egli alzò gli occhi, guardò, ed ecco un uomo che gli stava ritto davanti, con in mano la spada snudata. Giosuè andò verso di lui, e gli disse: "Sei tu dei nostri, o dei nostri nemici?"

14 E quello rispose: "No, io sono il capo dell’esercito dell’Eterno; arrivo adesso". Allora Giosuè cadde con la faccia a terra, si prostrò, e gli disse: "Che cosa vuol dire il mio signore al suo servo?"

15 E il capo dell’esercito dell’Eterno disse a Giosuè: "Lèvati i calzari dai piedi; perché il luogo dove stai è santo". E Giosuè fece così.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

giordano
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

acque
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

figliuoli
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tempo
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disse
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giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

circoncidere
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

guerra
La guerra nella Parola rappresenta il combattimento della tentazione quando ciò che è bene è assalito da ciò che è male o falso. Il male...

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

circonciso
The Writings teach that all parts of the human body correspond to spiritual things. That includes the sex organs of both men and women, which...

quarant
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

nazione
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

voce
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giurato
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vedere
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giuramento
'To sware' is a binding.

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

latte
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miele
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

incirconcisi
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

campo
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oggi
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chiamato
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

ghilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

nome
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

pasqua
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

quattordicesimo
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giorno
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mese
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sera
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

pianure
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gerico
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azzimi
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arrostito
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manna
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canaan
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occhi
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uomo
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mano
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spada
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nemici
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

capo
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

esercito
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terra
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prostrò
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dire
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signore
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piedi
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santo
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

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