Joshua 24

Studovat vnitřní smysl

Riveduta Bibbia (1927)         

← Joshua 23   Giudici 1 →

1 Giosuè adunò pure tutte le tribù d’Israele in Sichem, e convocò gli anziani d’Israele, i capi, i giudici e gli ufficiali del popolo, i quali si presentarono davanti a Dio.

2 E Giosuè disse a tutto il popolo: "Così parla l’Eterno, l’Iddio d’Israele: I vostri padri, come Terah padre d’Abrahamo e padre di Nahor, abitarono anticamente di là dal fiume, e servirono ad altri dèi.

3 E io presi il padre vostro Abrahamo di là dal fiume, e gli feci percorrere tutto il paese di Canaan; moltiplicai la sua progenie, e gli diedi Isacco.

4 E ad Isacco diedi Giacobbe ed Esaù, e assegnai ad Esaù il possesso della montagna di Seir, e Giacobbe e i suoi figliuoli scesero in Egitto.

5 Poi mandai Mosè ed Aaronne, e colpii l’Egitto coi prodigi che feci in mezzo ad esso; e dopo ciò, ve ne trassi fuori.

6 Trassi dunque fuor dall’Egitto i vostri padri, e voi arrivaste al mare. Gli Egiziani inseguirono i vostri padri con carri e cavalieri fino al mar Rosso.

7 Quelli gridarono all’Eterno, ed egli pose delle fitte tenebre fra voi e gli Egiziani; poi fece venir sopra loro il mare, che li ricoperse; e gli occhi vostri videro quel ch’io feci agli Egiziani. Poi dimoraste lungo tempo nel deserto.

8 Io vi condussi quindi nel paese degli Amorei, che abitavano di là dal Giordano; essi combatterono contro di voi, e io li diedi nelle vostre mani; voi prendeste possesso del loro paese, e io li distrussi d’innanzi a voi.

9 Poi Balak figliuolo di Tsippor, re di Moab, si levò a muover guerra ad Israele; e mandò a chiamare Balaam, figliuolo di Beor, perché vi maledicesse;

10 ma io non volli dare ascolto a Balaam; egli dovette benedirvi, e vi liberai dalle mani di Balak.

11 E passaste il Giordano, e arrivaste a Gerico; gli abitanti di Gerico, gli Amorei, i Ferezei, i Cananei, gli Hittei, i Ghirgasei, gli Hivvei e i Gebusei combatteron contro di voi, e io li diedi nelle vostre mani.

12 E mandai davanti a voi i calabroni, che li scacciarono d’innanzi a voi, com’era avvenuto dei due re Amorei: non fu per la tua spada ne per il tuo arco.

13 E vi diedi una terra che voi non avevate lavorata, delle città che non avevate costruite; voi abitate in esse e mangiate del frutto delle vigne e degli uliveti che non avete piantati.

14 Or dunque temete l’Eterno, e servitelo con integrità e fedeltà; togliete via gli dèi ai quali i vostri padri servirono di là dal fiume, e in Egitto, e servite all’Eterno.

15 E se vi par mal fatto servire all’Eterno, scegliete oggi a chi volete servire: o agli dèi ai quali i vostri padri servirono di là dal fiume, o agli dèi degli Amorei, nel paese de’ quali abitate; quanto a me e alla casa mia, serviremo all’Eterno".

16 Allora il popolo rispose e disse: "Lungi da noi l’abbandonare l’Eterno per servire ad altri dèi!

17 Poiché l’Eterno, il nostro Dio, è quegli che ha fatto salir noi e i padri nostri fuor dal paese d’Egitto, dalla casa di schiavitù, che ha fatto quei grandi miracoli dinanzi agli occhi nostri, e ci ha protetti per tutto il viaggio che abbiam fatto, e in mezzo a tutti i popoli fra i quali siamo passati;

18 e l’Eterno ha cacciato d’innanzi a noi tutti questi popoli, e gli Amorei che abitavano il paese, anche noi serviremo all’Eterno, perch’egli e il nostro Dio".

19 E Giosuè disse al popolo: "Voi non potrete servire all’Eterno, perch’egli è un Dio santo, e un Dio geloso; egli non perdonerà le vostre trasgressioni e i vostri peccati.

20 Quando abbandonerete l’Eterno e servirete dèi stranieri, egli vi si volterà contro, vi farà del male e vi consumerà, dopo avervi fatto tanto bene".

21 E il popolo disse a Giosuè: "No! No! Noi serviremo l’Eterno".

22 E Giosuè disse al popolo: "Voi siete testimoni contro voi stessi, che vi siete scelto l’Eterno per servirgli!" Quelli risposero: "Siam testimoni!"

23 E Giosuè: "Togliete dunque via gli dei stranieri che sono in mezzo a voi, e inclinate il cuor vostro all’Eterno, ch’è l’Iddio d’Israele!"

24 Il popolo rispose a Giosuè: "L’Eterno, il nostro Dio, è quello che serviremo, e alla sua voce ubbidiremo!"

25 Così Giosuè fermò in quel giorno un patto col popolo, e gli diede delle leggi e delle prescrizioni a Sichem.

26 Poi Giosuè scrisse queste cose nel libro della legge di Dio; e prese una gran pietra e la rizzò quivi sotto la quercia ch’era presso il luogo consacrato all’Eterno.

27 E Giosuè disse a tutto il popolo: "Ecco, questa pietra sarà una testimonianza contro di noi; perch’essa ha udito tutte le parole che l’Eterno ci ha dette; essa servirà quindi da testimonio contro di voi, affinché non rinneghiate il vostro Dio".

28 Poi Giosuè rimandò il popolo, ognuno alla sua eredità.

29 E, dopo queste cose, avvenne che Giosuè, figliuolo di Nun, servo dell’Eterno, mori in età di centodieci anni,

30 e lo seppellirono nel territorio di sua proprietà a Timnat-Serah, che è nella contrada montuosa di Efraim, al nord della montagna di Gaash.

31 E Israele servì all’Eterno durante tutta la vita di Giosuè e durante tutta la vita degli anziani che sopravvissero a Giosuè, e che aveano conoscenza di tutte le opere che l’Eterno avea fatte per Israele.

32 E le ossa di Giuseppe, che i figliuoli d’Israele avean portate dall’Egitto, le seppellirono a Sichem, nella parte di campo che Giacobbe avea comprata dai figliuoli di Hemor, padre di Sichem, per cento pezzi di danaro; e i figliuoli di Giuseppe le avean ricevute nella loro eredità.

33 Poi morì anche Eleazar, figliuolo di Aaronne, e lo seppellirono a Ghibeah di Fineas, ch’era stata data al suo figliuolo Fineas, nella contrada montuosa di Efraim.

← Joshua 23   Giudici 1 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 659

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesi 11:26, 27, 12:1, 21:2, 3, 25:24, 26, 28:18, 31:19, 33:19, 35:2, 4, 36:8, 9, 46:1, 6, 7, 48:22, 50:25, 26

Esodo 6:23, 25, 27, 7:7, 12:41, 51, 13:3, 14, 19, 14:1, 2, 9, 10, 20, 27, 31, 15:25, 19:8, 20:5, 23:2, 21, 23, 28, 24:3, 4, 34:14

Levitico 11:44, 45

Numeri 20:28, 21:21, 25, 31, 32, 22:2, 5, 24:10, 36:7, 9

Deuteronomio 4:34, 46, 47, 6:11, 13, 7:19, 10:21, 11:2, 7, 19:1, 26:17, 29:2, 9, 11, 31:4, 19, 32:9, 12

Joshua 2:10, 3:10, 4:1, 10, 11, 19, 5:6, 6:6, 9:2, 11:13, 19:50, 20:7, 22:6, 27, 28, 29, 34, 23:2, 9

Giudici 2:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 9:6, 17:1, 20:26

1 Samuel 10:19, 12:24, 25

2 Samuel 23:30

1 Re 18:21

2 Re 11:17, 23:1

1 Cronache 28:8

2 Cronache 13:10, 15:2, 12, 14, 15, 34:33

Neemia 11:20

Salmi 44:4, 80:10, 81:10, 89:31, 99:3, 105:43, 119:106, 135:11

Isaiah 2:9

Ezechiele 20:7, 39

Amos 2:9, 10

Micah 6:5, 8

Matteo 24, 26:72

Giovanni 4:5

Atti degli Apostoli 7:16, 45, 10:33

Ebrei 11:22

Významy biblických slov

giosuè
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

tribù
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

d’israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

israele
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

anziani
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

capi
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

giudici
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

disse
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l’eterno
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

eterno
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

Iddio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

padri
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

padre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

d’abrahamo
Abramo (o Abram, come viene chiamato all'inizio della sua storia) è uno dei personaggi principali della storia delle Sacre Scritture. Fu l'antenato di tutti i...

Abrahamo
Abramo (o Abram, come viene chiamato all'inizio della sua storia) è uno dei personaggi principali della storia delle Sacre Scritture. Fu l'antenato di tutti i...

Nahor
'Nahor,' as in Genesis 22:20, signifies the Lord’s church among the Gentiles.

fiume
A flood signifies truths in abundance. The flood, as in Genesis 7, not only signifies the temptations which the man of the church called Noah...

canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Isacco
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

giacobbe
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

esaù
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

montagna
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

figliuoli
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Egitto
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

mosè
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Aaronne
Aronne era il fratello di Mosè. Egli simboleggia due cose, una durante la prima parte dell'esodo, quando era il portavoce di Mosè, e un'altra dopo...

dopo
Secondo Swedenborg, il tempo e lo spazio non esistono nella realtà spirituale, sono cose puramente naturali che esistono solo sul piano fisico. Ciò significa che...

mare
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Egiziani
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

cavalieri
'A horseman' signifies intelligence, or one who is intelligent. 'A horseman,' as mentioned in Revelation 9:16, signifies reasonings concerning faith alone. 'A horseman' can also...

rosso
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

occhi
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

lungo
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

deserto
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

giordano
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mani
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

figliuolo
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

re
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

gerico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

hivvei
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

calabroni
'Hornets,' as mentioned in Exodus 23:28, signify falsities of a tormenting and destructive kind, striking with formidable terror, or the dread of those who are...

due
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

spada
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

arco
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

terra
"Terra" nella Bibbia può significare una persona o un gruppo di persone che la pensano come in una chiesa. Ma si riferisce specificamente all'esterno della...

città
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

vigne
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

servire
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

oggi
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

casa
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

noi
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

trasgressioni
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

peccati
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

testimoni
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

voce
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

giorno
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

libro
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

di Dio
Il Signore è l'amore stesso, espresso sotto forma di saggezza. L'amore, quindi, è la sua essenza, il suo intimo. La saggezza - la comprensione amorosa...

pietra
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

sotto
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

udito
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

parole
'Words,' as in Exodus 34:28, signify everything pertaining to doctrine.

eredità
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

conoscenza
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

ossa
Le ossa sono forti e solidali, forniscono un quadro di riferimento per il nostro corpo e rendono possibili il movimento e l'azione. Sono anche la...

Giuseppe
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

campo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Blessings: Being a Good Neighbor
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Blessings: Hearing the Lord
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Eleazar, Son of Aaron, the Priest
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Following the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of Joshua, Hero for the Lord
Identify stories in which Joshua demonstrates heroic qualities such as bravery, kindness, responsibility, loyalty, honesty, perseverance, strength and obedience.
Project | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review Questions for the Book of Joshua
Review questions for the book of Joshua.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Renewal of the Covenant Diorama
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 We Will Serve the Lord (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14


Přeložit: